- Earl of Essex
Earl of Essex is a title that has been held by several families and individuals, of which the best-known and most closely associated with the title was
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex(1566 - 1601).
The earldom was first created in the twelfth century for Geoffrey II de Mandeville. Upon the death of the third earl, the title became extinct. It was created again for Geoffrey Fitzpeter in 1199, who had married a relative of the de Mandevilles. It passed to two of his sons before again becoming extinct after William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville's death.
The third creation was for Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford in 1239, whose father Henry had married Maud, sister of William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville. Both the Earldom of Hereford and the Earldom of Essex became extinct in 1373. There were several more creations until the famous Devereux creation in 1572 (for further history of the Devereux family, see the
Viscount Hereford). Upon its extinction, the present creation was made in 1661.
The Capell (or Capel) family descends from Sir Arthur Capell of Raines Hall in
Essexand of Hadham in Hertfordshire. His grandson Arthur Capell represented Hertfordshire in both the Short and Long Parliaments. In 1641 he was raised to the Peerage of Englandas Baron Capell of Hadham, in the County of Hertford. Capell later fought as a Royalist in the Civil War. He was tried and condemned to death by the Parliamentarians and beheaded in May 1649. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Baron. In 1661 he was created Viscount Malden, in the County of Essex, and Earl of Essex, with remainder, failing heirs male of his own, to, firstly, his brother Henry Capell (later Baron Capell of Tewkesbury; see below), failing which to, secondly, his brother Edward Capell. These titles are also in the Peerage of England. Lord Essex later served as Lord-Lieutenant of Irelandand as First Lord of the Treasury. On his death the titles passed to his son, the second Earl. He was a Lieutenant-Generalin the Army and served as Lord-Lieutenant of Hertfordshire. He was succeeded by his son, the third Earl. He served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guardfrom 1739 to 1743 and was also Lord-Lieutenant of Hertfordshire. When he died the titles passed to his son, the fourth Earl. He also served as Lord-Lieutenant of Hertfordshire.
He was succeeded by his eldest son from his first marriage, the fifth Earl. He sat in the House of Commons for many years and was Lord-Lieutenant of Hertfordshire from 1801 to 1817. Lord Essex assumed the surname of Coningsby. In 1839, at the age of seventy-six, he married the vocalist and actress
Catherine Stephens. He was succeeded by his nephew, the sixth Earl. He was the son of the Hon. John Thomas Capell, second son of the fourth Earl from his second marriage to Harriet Bladen. On his death the titles passed to his grandson, the seventh Earl. He was the eldest son of Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur de Vere Capell, Viscount Malden, eldest son of the sixth Earl. The line of the sixth Earl failed on the death of the seventh Earl's grandson, the ninth Earl, in 1981. The succession was unclear and it was not until 1989 that the late Earl's third cousin once removed, Robert Edward de Vere Capell, managed to prove his claim, and became the tenth Earl. He was the great-grandson of the Hon. Algernon Henry Champagné Capell (younger brother of the sixth Earl), son of the aforementioned the Hon. John Thomas Capell (half-brother of the fifth Earl), son of the second marriage of the fourth Earl. As of 2007 the titles are held by his only son, the eleventh Earl, who succeeded in 2005.
"Viscount Malden" is used as the
courtesy titleby the Heir Apparent to the earldom (when one exists).
Two other members of the Capell family have also gained distinction. The Hon. Henry Capell, second son of the first Baron, was a politician and was created
Baron Capell of Tewkesburyin 1692. The Hon. Sir Thomas Bladen Capell (1776-1853), youngest son of the second marriage of the fourth Earl, was an Admiralin the Royal Navy.
Earls of Essex, first Creation (c. 1139)
Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex(d. 1144)
Geoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex(d. 1166)
William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex(d. 1189) (extinct)
Earls of Essex, second Creation (1199)
Geoffrey Fitzpeter, 1st Earl of Essex(d. 1213)
Geoffrey FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 2nd Earl of Essex(d. 1216)
William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex(d. 1227)
Earls of Essex, third Creation (1239)
* Humphrey de Bohun, 1st Earl of Essex (d. 1275)
* Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Essex (d. 1297)
* Humphrey de Bohun, 3th Earl of Essex (d. 1322)
* John de Bohun, 4th Earl of Essex (d. 1336)
* Humphrey de Bohun, 5th Earl of Essex (1309-1361)
* Humphrey de Bohun, 6th Earl of Essex (1342-1373)
Earls of Essex, fourth Creation (1376)
* Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Essex (1355-1397) (forfeit)
Earls of Essex, fifth Creation (1461)
Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex(d. 1483)
Henry Bourchier, 2nd Earl of Essex(d. 1540)
Earls of Essex, sixth Creation (1540)
Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex(1485-1540) (forfeit)
Earls of Essex, seventh Creation (1543)
William Parr, 1st Marquess of Northampton(c. 1512–1571) (forfeit 1553; restored 1559)
Earls of Essex, eighth Creation (1572)
Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex(1541-1576)
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex(1566-1601)
Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex(1591-1646) (extinct)
Barons Capell of Hadham (1641)
Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham(1604-1649)
*Arthur Capell, 2nd Baron Capell of Hadham (1631-1683) (created Earl of Essex in 1661)
Earls of Essex, ninth Creation (1661)
Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex(1631-1683)
Algernon Capell, 2nd Earl of Essex(1670-1710)
William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex(1697-1743)
* William Anne Capell, 4th Earl of Essex (1732-1799)
George Capell-Coningsby, 5th Earl of Essex(1757-1839)
* Arthur Algernon Capell, 6th Earl of Essex (1803-1892)
* George Devereux de Vere Capell, 7th Earl of Essex (1857-1916)
* Algernon George de Vere Capell, 8th Earl of Essex (1884-1966)
* Reginald George de Vere Capell, 9th Earl of Essex (1906-1981, dormant 1981)
* Robert Edward de Vere Capell, 10th Earl of Essex (1920-2005, revived 1989)
* Frederick Paul de Vere Capell, 11th Earl of Essex (b. 1944)
Heir Presumptiveis the present holder's fourth cousin once removed William Jennings Capell(b. 1952). He is great-great-great-grandson of the Hon. Adolphus Capell (younger brother of the sixth Earl), younger son of the aforementioned the Hon. John Capell (half-brother of the fifth Earl), son of the second marriage of the fourth Earl.
Capells family tree
The following is the family tree of significant male male-line descendants from the 1st Baron Capell of Hadham, with the names of those living in bold face:
*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/ thePeerage.com]
*Stephen, Sir Leslie; Lee, Sir Sidney (editors). "The Dictionary of National Biography, From the Earliest Times to 1900: Volume III Brown-Chaloner". Oxford University Press.
* [http://everything2.com/index.pl?node=Earl%20Of%20Essex Everything2: Earl of Essex]
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Earl of Essex — ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel in der Peerage of England, der seit etwa 1139 von mehreren Familien, aber auch Einzelpersonen gehalten wurde, von denen der bekannteste Robert Devereux, 2. Earl of Essex (1566–1601) ist. Die Earlswürde… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex — (10 November 1566 ndash; 25 February 1601), a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I of England, is the best known of the many holders of the title Earl of Essex. He was a military hero and royal favourite, but following a poor campaign against Irish… … Wikipedia
Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex — Infobox Person name = Robert Devereux image size = 150px caption = Portrait of Robert Devereux 3rd Earl of Essex birth date = birth date|1591|1|11|mf=y birth place = death date = death date and age|1646|9|14|1591|1|11|mf=y death place =… … Wikipedia
Robert Devereux, 2. Earl of Essex — Robert Devereux, 2. Earl of Essex … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex — Walter Devereux Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex as Earl Marshal of England, 1575 Born 16 September 1541 Di … Wikipedia
Robert Capell, 10th Earl of Essex — Robert Edward de Vere Capell, 10th Earl of Essex (13 January 1920 ndash; 5 June 2005) was the Earl of Essex.Lord Essex was born in 1920, the son of Arthur de Vere Capell and Alice Capell née Currie. His father died when he was three. He spent… … Wikipedia
Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex — Geoffrey de Mandeville II, 1st Earl of Essex (1st Creation) (died September 1144) was one of the prominent players during the reign of King Stephen of England. His biographer, the 19th century historian J. H. Round, called him the most perfect… … Wikipedia
Geoffrey Fitz Peter, 1st Earl of Essex — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = name =Geoffrey Fitz Peter honorific suffix = imagesize = small caption = order = office = Chief Justiciar of England term start = July 11, 1198 term end =October 14, 1213 vicepresident = viceprimeminister … Wikipedia
Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex — (1631 ndash; 13 July 1683), whose surname is sometimes spelled Capel, was an English statesman.Early lifeHe was the son of Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham (who was executed in 1649) and of Elizabeth Morrison, daughter and heir of Sir… … Wikipedia
William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex — This page refers to the 12th century 3rd Earl of the first creation. For the 13th century 3rd Earl of the second creation see William FitzGeoffrey de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex. William de Mandeville III Chief Justiciar of England In office… … Wikipedia