Catalan Revolt


Catalan Revolt

The Catalan Revolt (known in Catalan as the "Guerra dels Segadors" or Reapers' War) affected a large part of Catalonia between the years of 1640 and 1659. It had an enduring effect in the Treaty of the Pyrenees, which ceded the county of Roussillon and the northern half of the county of Cerdanya to France (see French Cerdagne), thereby splitting the Catalan population. The Spanish counter-insurgency efforts exhausted and ultimately contributed to Spain's decline as a world power, much in the same way as the USSR's counter-insurgency efforts in Afghanistan 350 years later would contribute to the USSR's decline.

The war had its roots in the discomfort generated in Catalan society by the presence of Castilian troops during the wars between France and Spain as part of the Thirty Years' War. Count-Duke Olivares, the chief minister of Philip IV, had been overusing Catalan resources in his wars against France. Catalan peasants were forced to quarter Castilian troops and responded on Corpus Christi day with an uprising known as 'Bloody Corpus' (Catalan "Corpus de Sang"), under the slogans "Long live the faith of Christ!", "Long live the king of Spain, our lord", "Long live the land, death to bad government". This 'Bloody Corpus' of 1640, which began with the death of a reaper and led to the somewhat mysterious death of the Count of Santa Coloma, viceroy of Catalonia, marked the beginning of the conflict. The irregular militia were known as 'Miquelets'.
Pau Claris, head of the Generalitat of Catalonia, turned the social unrest of the Catalans into a political cause and proclaimed a Catalan Republic. The Generalitat obtained an important military victory in the battle of Montjuïc (January 26, 1641). A little later, the death of Pau Claris created a difficult local and international situation, which resulted in the proclamation of Louis XIII of France as count of Barcelona and sovereign of Catalonia, Lluís I de Barcelona.

The conflict extended beyond the Peace of Westphalia, which concluded the Thirty Years' War in 1648, with the confrontation between two sovereigns and two Generalitats, one based in Barcelona, under the control of Spain and the other in Perpinyà (Perpignan), under the occupation of France. In 1652 the French authorities renounced Catalonia, but held control of Roussillon, thereby leading to the signing of the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.

ee also

*Els Segadors ("The Reapers") is the current anthem of Catalonia. The current lyrics are from 1899.

Bibliography

* J.H. Elliott. " [http://demo.openlibrary.org/b/Revolt_of_Catalans_0 The Revolt of the Catalans: a Study in the Decline of Spain (1598-1640)] ". Cambridge, 1963.
* J. Sanabre. "La acción de Francia en Cataluña en la pugna por la hegemonía de Europa (1640-1659)". Barcelona, 1956. Still indispensable for its detailed coverage of the events from 1640/41 and later.

External links

* [http://www.en.mhcat.net/oferta_museal/exposici_permanent/a_la_perif_ria_de_l_imperi/la_guerra_dels_segadors?PHPSESSID=442bc0e873f912cb912a771b53f97836 Museum exhibit with online information]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Catalan nationalism — Catalan nationalism, or Catalanism (from Catalanisme in Catalan), is a political movement advocating for either further political autonomy or full independence of Catalonia.Intellectually, Catalanism departs from the unsuccessful attempts to… …   Wikipedia

  • Catalan people — ethnic group group=Catalans caption = Salvador Dalí·Pau Casals·Antoni Gaudí·Jacint Verdaguer population = Over 7 million region1 = flag|Spain pop1 = 7,210,508 ref1 = lower| [http://www.idescat.cat/cat/idescat/publicacions/anuari/aec pdf/aec… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolt of the Germanies — The Revolt of the Germanies ( ca. Revolta de les Germanies, es. Rebelión de las Germanías, Revolt of the Brotherhoods ) was a revolt by artisan guilds against the government of King Charles I in the Kingdom of Valencia, part of the Crown of… …   Wikipedia

  • Catalan constitutions — The Catalan/Valencian cultural domain …   Wikipedia

  • Spain — /spayn/, n. a kingdom in SW Europe. Including the Balearic and Canary islands, 39,244,195; 194,988 sq. mi. (505,019 sq. km). Cap.: Madrid. Spanish, España. * * * Spain Introduction Spain Background: Spain s powerful world empire of the 16th and… …   Universalium

  • Nationalisms and regionalisms of Spain — Early 19th century map showing the different regions of traditional consuetudinary law in Spain (fueros) based on the historical kingdoms …   Wikipedia

  • Els Segadors — English: The Reapers National anthem of Catalonia Lyrics Emili Guanyavents, 1899 …   Wikipedia

  • Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares — Equestrian Portrait of the Count Duke of Olivares by Diego Velázquez Full name Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel Ribera y Velasco de Tovar …   Wikipedia

  • Catalonia — For other uses, see Catalonia (disambiguation) and Catalunya (disambiguation). Catalonia Catalunya (Catalan) Cataluña (Spanish) Catalonha …   Wikipedia

  • List of revolutions and rebellions — This is a list of revolutions and rebellions.BC*499 BC 493 BC: Ionian Revolt. Most of the Greek cities occupied by the Persians in Asia Minor and Cyprus rose up against their Persian rulers. *460 BC Inarus revolted against the Persians in Egypt… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.