- Supreme War Council
The Supreme War Council was a central command created by British
Prime Minister David Lloyd Georgeto coordinate Allied military strategy during World War I. It was founded in 1917, and was based in Versailles. Lloyd George had grave concerns regarding the strategy of Sir William Robertson, chief of the Imperial General Staff and Sir Douglas Haig, the Commander in Chief of the British Expeditionary Force, in response to the Allied losses at the Somme and at Passchendaele.
Following the Italian defeat at the
Battle of Caporetto, in which the Germans and Austro-Hungarians surprised the Italian forces, Lloyd George proposed the formation of the Supreme War Council. Each Allied nation would appoint a senior military officer to sit on the council.
The council was created in November 1917. The French representative was
Ferdinand Foch, later replaced by Maxime Weygandand Joseph Joffre. The British were represented by Robertson, later replaced by Sir Henry Hughes Wilson. Italy was represented by Luigi Cadorna, and Tasker H. Blissrepresented the United States.
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