- Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral
Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral
Basilica at night
Location Montreal, Quebec Country Canada Denomination Roman Catholic History Consecrated 1894 Architecture Style Renaissance and Baroque Revival Official name: Marie-Reine-du-Monde Cathedral National Historic Site of Canada Designated: 2006
The Cathedral-Basilica of Mary, Queen of the World (French: Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde) in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, is the seat of the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Montreal. It is the third largest church in Quebec after St. Joseph's Oratory (also in Montreal) and the Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré east of Quebec City. The church is located at 1085 Cathedral Street ( ) at the corner of René Lévesque Boulevard and Metcalfe Street, near the Bonaventure metro station and Central Station in downtown Montreal. It and the connected Archdiocese main buildings form the eastern side of Place du Canada, and occupies of dominant presences on Dorchester Square.
The sacrament of baptism is celebrated in the small chapel. The marble baptismal font is surmounted by an impressive stucco crucifix sculpted by Philippe Hébert. The crucifix is one of the most important pieces of religious sculpture in Quebec.
The construction of the cathedral was ordered by Mgr. Ignace Bourget, second bishop of Montreal, to replace the former Saint-Jacques Cathedral which had burned in 1852. His choice to create a scale model of Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome was in response to a rivalry with the Sulpician order who had been the feudal seigneurs of Montreal, and with the Anglican Church, both of which favoured the Neo-Gothic style instead. The site also sparked controversy due to its location in the western part of downtown, in a then predominantly English neighbourhood far from the homes of the French-Canadian church-goers.
The first architect, Victor Bourgeau, refused the project after studying St. Peter's, claiming that it could not be reproduced on a smaller scale. The undeterred bishop sent Fr. Joseph Michaud, the chaplain of the Papal Zouave volunteers of Montreal, to produce a scale model to work from. At the time, the Holy See was threatened by the nationalist troops of Victor Emmanuel II, king of Piedmont, who was attempting to assert control over all Italy including papal territories, and the priest's mission in Rome was secret.
Work began in 1875 and the new church was consecrated in 1894 as Saint James Cathedral, after Saint James the Great, the patron of the parish the church served. At the time it was the largest church in Quebec. It was made a minor basilica in 1919 by Pope Benedict XV. It was rededicated in 1955 to Mary, Queen of the World, by Pope Pius XII at the request of cardinal Paul-Émile Léger. (The pope had proclaimed this title for Mary in his 1954 encyclical Ad caeli reginam.)
Instead of the statues of the twelve apostles on the façade of St. Peter's, the front of the church is topped by statues of the patron saints of thirteen parishes of Montreal who donated them, including St. John the Baptist and St. Patrick. The interior, which is also copied from St. Peter's, includes a baldachin which is a scale model of Bernini's
In the last few years, the cathedral's esplanade and narthex have undergone significant reconstruction. The exterior statue of Bishop Ignace Bourget was cleaned and restored in 2005.
Exterior view as seen from the Windsor station, 1936
- Roman Catholic Marian churches
- List of cathedrals in Canada
- List of basilicas in Canada
- Montreal's other basilicas:
- ^ McCord Museum - St. James Cathedral, Metcalfe Street, Montreal, QC, 1886
- ^ "Marie-Reine-du-Monde Cathedral". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. http://www.pc.gc.ca/apps/lhn-nhs/det_E.asp?oqSID=1934&oqeName=Marie%2DReine%2Ddu%2DMonde+Cathedral&oqfName=Cath%E9drale+Marie%2DReine%2Ddu%2DMonde. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- ^ Marie-Reine-du-Monde Cathedral. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- Marie-Reine-du-Monde (official site, in French)
- Basilica-Cathedral of Marie-Reine-du-Monde on Images Montreal
- 360 panorama of the cathedral Mary, Queen of the World
- Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral: Photo Gallery by The Catholic Photographer
Landmarks of Montreal MuseumsChâteau Ramezay · Just for Laughs Museum · Biodome · Maison Saint-Gabriel Museum · Biosphère · Canadian Centre for Architecture · McCord Museum · Montreal Museum of Fine Arts · Musée d'art contemporain · Pointe-à-Callière Museum · Redpath Museum · The Fur Trade at Lachine National Historic Site · Montreal Science Centre · Sir George-Étienne Cartier National Historic Site Churches Skyscrapers Other structuresAtwater Market · Bell Centre · Bonsecours Market · Casino de Montréal · Grande Bibliothèque · Habitat 67 · Jean-Talon Market · Montreal City Hall · Montreal Clock Tower · Montreal Forum · Mount Royal Cross · Olympic Stadium · Palais des congrès de Montréal · Place Bonaventure · Place des Arts · Windsor Station · Montreal World Trade Centre · Underground City Nature and parks Squares Islands Transportation Events AlbertaCathedral Basilica of St. Joseph Manitoba New Brunswick
- St. Michael's Basilica
- Basilica of St. John the Baptist
- Basilica of Our Lady of Perpetual Help
- St. Mary's Cathedral Basilica
- St. Peter's Cathedral Basilica
- St. Paul's Basilica
- Cathedral Basilica of Notre-Dame
- St. Patrick's Basilica
Prince Edward Island Quebec
- Cathedral Basilica of Notre-Dame de Québec
- Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré
- Cathedral Basilica of St Cecilia
- Cathedral Basilica of Saint Michael
- Notre-Dame-du-Cap Basilica
- Sainte-Anne de Varennes Basilica
- Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde
- Notre-Dame Basilica
- Saint Joseph's Oratory
- St. Patrick's Basilica
National Historic Sites of Canada by location Provinces TerritoriesNorthwest Territories · Nunavut · Yukon Other countriesFrance
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother — For other Queen Mothers called Elizabeth, see Queen Elizabeth (disambiguation). Elizabeth Bowes Lyon … Wikipedia
Mary, Queen of Scots — For other uses, see Mary, Queen of Scots (disambiguation). Mary Stuart Portrait of Mary, Queen of Scots after François Clouet Queen of Scots … Wikipedia
List of the oldest schools in the world — This is a list of extant schools excluding universities and higher education establishments. The dates refer to the foundation or the earliest documented contemporary reference to the school. The list is a work in progress, and there will… … Wikipedia
World Trade Centre Montreal — The Montreal World Trade Centre west entrance on Victoria Square. Coordinates … Wikipedia
Cathedral architecture of Western Europe — A cathedral is a church, usually Roman Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from the word cathedra , or Bishop s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis ). The term is often… … Wikipedia
Mary McAleese — 8th President of Ireland In office 11 November 1997 – 10 November 2011 Preceded by Mary Robinson … Wikipedia
Mary I of England — Mary I Queen Mary by Hans Eworth Queen of England and Ireland (more...) Reign … Wikipedia
Cathedral of Toledo — The Cathedral of Saint Mary of Toledo, also called Primate Cathedral of Toledo, is a church in Spain. The seat of the Archdiocese of Toledo, it is one of the three 13th century High Gothic cathedrals in Spain and is considered to be the magnum… … Wikipedia
The Benedictine Order — The Benedictine Order † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… … Catholic encyclopedia
The Dark Age (series) — The Dark Age is a trilogy by Mark Chadbourn set around the beginning of the third millennium. While the previous series was a clear fantasy story, this has strings of gothic horror and existentialism woven into it.The three books are:* The Devil… … Wikipedia