- Long Island (New South Wales)
Long Island is one of a number of small, forested islands of the Hawkesbury River. It is situated about 50km north of
Sydney, across Sandbrook Inlet from Brooklyn, Others include Dangar Island, Spectacle Island, Milson Island, Peat Islandand Lion Island. The area has been inhabited for thousands of years by the Guringaipeople, who left their mark on the land with hundreds of rock engravings, stone sharpening sites, cave paintingsand shellfish middens. The first European to see the area was Governor Arthur Phillip, who explored the lower river by small boat in March 1788. At first the local people were friendly towards him, but when he returned a year later, they would not come into contact with him. By 1790 over half the Guringai had succumbed to the smallpoxthe British had brought with them.
There is some debate about how Long Island was named. Some have claimed the name comes from the time the nearby railway bridge was called 'Brooklyn Bridge' (it was constructed by the Union Bridge Company of Brooklyn, New York, hence the reference to America). runs very infrequent guided tours of the island, for those who are interested in its flora, fauna, geology and Aboriginal history. One of the best views of Long Island is from Lloyd's Trig in nearby
Muogamarra Nature Reserve. From this vantage point it is possible to look down on the length of the whole island with the mouth of the Hawkesbury River and Broken Bay in the far distance.
Long Island was added to the Australian National Heritage List in December 2006. [ [http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/national/ku-ring-gai-chase/index.html Australian National Heritage listing for Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, Lion Island, Long Island and Spectacle Island Nature Reserves] ]
Church Point Ferry
* [http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/PDFs/pom_final_kuringgai_islands.pdf Long Island Plan of Management 2002] .
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