Edmund Landau


Edmund Landau

Infobox Scientist
box_width =
name = Edmund Georg Hermann Landau


image_size = 268px
caption = Edmund Landau
birth_date = birth date|1877|2|14|mf=y
birth_place = Berlin, Germany
death_date = death date and age| 1938 |2|19|1877|2|1
death_place = Berlin, Germany
residence = Germany
citizenship = Germany
nationality = Germany
ethnicity =
fields = Number theory
Complex analysis
workplaces = University of Berlin
University of Göttingen
alma_mater = University of Berlin
doctoral_advisor = Georg Frobenius
Lazarus Fuchs
academic_advisors =
doctoral_students = Paul Bernays
Harald Bohr
Hans Heilbronn
Dunham Jackson
Alexander Ostrowski
Carl Ludwig Siegel
Arnold Walfisz
notable_students =
known_for = Distribution of prime numbers
Landau prime ideal theorem
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
awards =
religion = Jewish


footnotes =

Edmund Georg Hermann (Yehezkel) Landau (February 14, 1877February 19, 1938) was a German Jewish mathematician and author of over 250 papers on number theory.

Edmund Landau was born in Berlin to a wealthy Jewish family. His father was Leopold Landau, a gynecologist. His mother was Johanna Jacoby from a well known German banking family. Landau studied mathematics at the University of Berlin andreceived his doctorate in 1899 and his habilitation (the post-doctoralqualification required in German universities) in 1901.

Landau taught at the University of Berlin from 1899 until 1909 and helda chair at the University of Göttingen from 1909 until he was forced outby the Nazi regime in 1933. Thereafter he lectured only outside ofGermany.

In 1903 Landau gave a much simpler proof than was then known of the
prime number theorem and later presented the first systematictreatment of analytic number theory in the "Handbuch der Lehre von der Verteilung des Primzahlen", or simply the "Handbuch". He also made important contributionsto complex analysis.

Hardy wrote that no one was ever more passionately devoted to mathematics than Landau. This is amply evidenced by his small book on the axiomatic foundations of analysis and two very important books on number theory.

Translated Works

*Foundations of Analysis, Chelsea Pub Co. ISBN 0-8218-2693-X.
*Differential and Integral Calculus, American Mathematical Society. ISBN 0-8218-2830-4.
*Elementary Number Theory, American Mathematical Society. ISBN 0-8218-2004-4.

ee also

*Landau's function
*Landau prime ideal theorem
*Landau's problems
*Landau's symbol (Big O notation)
*Landau-Kolmogorov inequality
*Landau-Ramanujan constant

External links

*
*
* [http://www.ma.huji.ac.il/~landau/landau.html Biography at the Hebrew University]
* [http://www.pupress.princeton.edu/books/maor Edmund Landau: The Master Rigorist] by Eli Maor, "Trigonometric Delights", page 192.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edmund Landau — (vor 1930) Edmund Georg Hermann Landau (* 14. Februar 1877 in Berlin; † 19. Februar 1938 ebenda) war ein deutscher Mathematiker, der sich um die analytische Zahlentheorie verdient gemacht hat. Inhaltsverzei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edmund Landau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Landau. Edmund Landau Edmund Georg Hermann Landau (14 février 1877 19  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edmund Georg Hermann Landau — Edmund Landau Pour les articles homonymes, voir Landau. Edmund Landau Edmund Georg Hermann Landau (14 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Landau-Notation — Landau Symbole werden in der Mathematik und in der Informatik verwendet, um das asymptotische Verhalten von Funktionen und Folgen zu beschreiben. In der Informatik werden sie insbesondere in der Komplexitätstheorie verwendet, um verschiedene… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Landau-Symbol — Landau Symbole werden in der Mathematik und in der Informatik verwendet, um das asymptotische Verhalten von Funktionen und Folgen zu beschreiben. In der Informatik werden sie insbesondere in der Komplexitätstheorie verwendet, um verschiedene… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LANDAU, EDMUND — (1877–1938), German mathematician. The son of leopold landau , Edmund Landau was educated in Berlin, succeeding H. Minkowski as professor of mathematics at Goettingen in 1909. He was elected to full membership of the academies of Berlin,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LANDAU (E.) — LANDAU EDMUND (1877 1938) Mathématicien allemand né et mort à Berlin. Edmund Landau fit ses études au lycée français de cette ville, puis à son université où il suivit les cours de Georg F. Frobenius. Docteur en mathématiques en 1899, il commença …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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