Paderborn


Paderborn

Infobox German Location
Name = Paderborn
Art = Stadt
image_photo = Paderborner Rathaus.jpg
imagesize =
image_caption = Paderborn town hall
Wappen = Paderborner Wappen.pnglat_deg = 51 | lat_min = 43 | lat_sec = 0
lon_deg = 8 | lon_min = 46 | lon_sec = 0
Lageplan = Lage Ort Paderborn Kreis Paderborn.pngLageplanbeschreibung = Location of the city of Paderborn within the district
Bundesland = NRW
Regierungsbezirk = Detmold
Landkreis = Paderborn
Höhe = 94-347
Fläche = 179.38
Einwohner = 144258
Stand = 2006-12-31
pop_ref = [ [http://www.lds.nrw.de/statistik/datenangebot/Regionen/amtlichebevoelkerungszahlen/rp7_dez06.html Population data] ]
PLZ = 33041-33106
Vorwahl = 05251, 05252, 05254, 05293
Kfz = PB
Gemeindeschlüssel = 05 7 74 032
Gliederung = 8
Adresse = Am Abdinghof 11 33098 Paderborn
Website = [http://www.paderborn.de/microsite/welcome/index.php paderborn.de]
Bürgermeister = Heinz Paus
Partei = CDU

Paderborn (IPA2|paːdɐˈbɔʁn) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. The name of the city derives from the river Pader, which originates in more than 200 springs near Paderborn Cathedral, where St. Liborius is buried.

History

Paderborn was founded as a bishopric by Charlemagne in 795. In 799 Pope Leo III fled his enemies in Rome and reached Paderborn, where he met Charlemagne. Charlemagne reinstated Leo in Rome in 800 and was crowned as Holy Roman Emperor by Leo in return.

The bishop of Paderborn became a Prince of the Empire in 1100. The city was taken by Prussia in 1802, then by the French vassal state Kingdom of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813 and then returned to Prussia.

The tree Irminsul was supposedly located near Paderborn.

Paderborn was the seat of the Bishopric of Paderborn; today it is seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop.

St. Liborius is commemorated in Paderborn every year in July with the Liborifest. He is the patron of Paderborn, to which his relics were transferred in 836.

Geography

Paderborn is situated at the spring of the "Pader" river, approx. 30 kilometers east of Lippstadt and approx. 50 kilometers south of Bielefeld. The hills of the Eggegebirge are located east of the city.

Neighbouring places

Division of the town

The city of Paderborn consists of the following wards

Population

Paderborn has a population of over 144,000, of which approximately 10% are students at the local university. Additionally, about 10,000 members or relatives of members of the British armed forces live in Paderborn, but are not included in the nominal population size. About half of the armed forces and families live in the Sennelager ward, the location of the largest barracks.

Industry

Paderborn is the headquarters of the former Nixdorf Computer AG, which was acquired by Siemens in the early 1990s and known as Siemens-Nixdorf for about 10 years. The company is now known as Wincor Nixdorf which is still located in Paderborn, but Siemens retains a considerable presence in the city.

Many other IT companies as well as industrial enterprises are located in Paderborn, too:
* Benteler AG (steel/tube, automotive, trade)
* Claas (farm machines)
* Deutsche Bahn AG (vehicle maintenance)
* dSPACE (engineering tools)
* Flextronics
* Fujitsu Siemens Computers
* Orga Systems GmbH
* Secure Computing Corporation
* Siemens AG (Siemens IT Solutions and Services)
* Wincor Nixdorf
* Zuken (PCB EMC Analysis and Design Software)Paderborn is also home of the "Paderborner" brewery, which has belonged to the Warsteiner group since 1990.

ister cities

* Le Mans, France, officially since 1967, traditionally since 836 (oldest partnership of its kind in Europe)
* Bolton, United Kingdom, since 1975
* Belleville, Illinois, U.S., since 1990
* Pamplona, Spain, since 1992
* Przemyśl, Poland, since 1993
* Debrecen, Hungary, since 1994

Education

Paderborn was once the oldest academic site in Westphalia. In 1614, a university was founded by Jesuits but was closed in 1819. It was re-founded in 1972 as Universität-Gesamthochschule and transformed into a sole university in 2002. Today, it is attended by about 14,000 students.

Additionally, several theologic and private academic institutes exist.

Paderborn has the biggest computer museum in the world, the Heinz Nixdorf MuseumsForum [http://www.hnf.de] . From 2001 to 2005 it hosted the RoboCup German Open.

ports

Paderborn is home of the SC Paderborn 07 football club, which achieved fame in 2005 by advancing to the second Bundesliga, but has since been relegated back to the third league.

Paderborn is a focal point in Germany for American sports. The local baseball team, the Paderborn Untouchables, has won many German championships, and the local American Football team, the Paderborn Dolphins, has also enjoyed considerable success. In 2006 the digibu Baskets, the home basketball team of the city achieved the Bundesliga.

Transportation

Paderborn is located at the Autobahn A 33, which connects Paderborn to the Autobahn A 2 in the north and the Autobahn A 44 in the south.The main train station is a regular stop for the InterCity and several local trains. Train connections can be found [http://reiseauskunft.bahn.de/bin/query.exe/en here] .The Paderborn Lippstadt Airport connects Paderborn to the bigger German airports and offers flights to many locations in Europe. There is a [http://www.airport-pad.com/sites_en/bus_anfahrt.htm bus shuttle] between the airport and the Paderborn main train station. General Aviation and gliders are based at [http://www.edlr.de Paderborn-Haxterberg] (site of the world gliding championships in 1981).In Paderborn there is a bus system served by the [http://www.padersprinter.de/ PaderSprinter] for local buses and the [http://www.bbh-paderborn.de/ Bahnbus Hochstift (bbh)] for regional buses.

External links

* [http://www.paderborn.de/microsite/welcome/index.php Official site of the city]
* [http://www.paderborner-land.de Site of the Paderborn region]
* [http://www.lwl.org/westfaelische-geschichte/portal/Internet/ku.php?tab=pro&ID=14 Ordinances of the "Fürstbistum Paderborn" online] de icon
* [http://www.robocup-german-open.de/en Homepage of the annual RoboCup competition]
* [http://www.uni-paderborn.de/en/ University of Paderborn]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paderborn — • Suffragan diocese of Cologne, Germany Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Paderborn     Paderborn     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paderborn — Paderborn …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paderborn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Paderborn Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paderborn (IL) — Paderborn, Il DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PADERBORN — PADERBORN, town in N.W. Germany. The earliest documentary source reflecting the presence of Jews in the city of Paderborn dates from 1342; the existence of a stone house belonging to them at this time attests to their wealth. In a dispute between …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Paderborn [2] — Paderborn, Kreisstadt im preuß. Regbez. Minden, am Ursprung der Pader, die in mehreren starken Quellen am Fuße des Hügels entspringt, auf dem der Dom steht, die Stadt in fünf Armen durchfließt und bei Neuhaus in die Lippe mündet, 119 m ü. M., ist …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paderborn — [pä΄dər bôrn′] city in WC Germany, in the state of North Rhine Westphalia: pop. 130,000 * * * Pa·der·born (pä dər bôrnʹ) A city of west central Germany northwest of Kassel. It joined the Hanseatic League in the 13th century and passed to Prussia… …   Universalium

  • Paderborn [1] — Paderborn, vormaliges Hochstift im Westfälischen Kreise, 42 QM., 100,000 katholische Ew.; von Rittberg, Lippe, Korvey, der Weser, Kurhessen, Waldeck u. dem Herzogthum Westfalen begrenzt; Wappen: ein goldenes Kreuz in rothem Felde; Einkünste:… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Paderborn [1] — Paderborn, ein ehemaliges reichsunmittelbares Hochstift im westfäl. Kreise, 2423 qkm (44 QM.) groß mit etwa 100,000 Einw., war durch die Egge in den vor oder unterwaldischen und den oberwaldischen Bezirk geschieden. Das Wappen des Hochstifts war… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paderborn — Paderborn, localidad de Renania del Norte Westfalia (Alemania), dentro de la región de Ostwestfalen Lippe, en el distrito Kreis Paderborn, en la fuente misma del río Pader. * * * ► C. del O de Alemania, en el estado de Renania Septentrional… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paderborn [2] — Paderborn, 1) Kreis des Regierungsbezirks Minden; 11 QM., 38,000 Ew.; 2) Kreisstadt darin u. vormals Hauptstadt des Fürstenthums P.; Sitz des Appellationsgerichts für den Regierungsbezirk Minden, eines Bischofs u. Domcapitels, an der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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