University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine


University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Infobox University
name = University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine


image_size =150
established = 1886
type = Public
head_label = Dean
head = Arthur S. Levine, M.D.
city = Pittsburgh
state = Pennsylvania
country = USA
campus = Urban
undergrad =
postgrad =
faculty = 1981 [2007-08 Fact Book. University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.]
free_label = MD Students
free = 582 [Top Medical Schools. America’s Best Graduate Schools 2009. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved April 18, 2008.]
colors =
website = http://www.medschool.pitt.edu

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (UPSOM) is a medical school located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. The School of Medicine is one of sixteen schools that comprise the University of Pittsburgh and is located in the Oakland neighborhood of the city of Pittsburgh. The School of Medicine is also known as Pitt Med.

The school encompasses both a medical program (offering the Doctor of Medicine) and a graduate program (offering Doctor of Philosophy and Master's degrees in several areas of biomedical science, clinical research, medical education, and medical informatics).

The School of Medicine is a world-renowned research institution and serves as the nucleus of the Pittsburgh region’s cutting edge biomedical research initiatives and is home to a growing number of world-class investigators. The School of Medicine and its affiliates received $447 million in National Institutes of Health funding. [NIH Award Data for Individual Organizations FY 2006. Retrieved on April 18, 2007.]

The School of Medicine is ranked as a “top medical school” by U.S. News & World Report for both research (14th) and primary care (20th) [Top Medical Schools. America’s Best Graduate Schools 2009. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved April 18, 2008.]

The School of Medicine is associated with the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC). UPMC is a leading American healthcare provider and institution for medical research. It consistently ranks in U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" of the approximately 15 best hospitals in America. On that annual list, it has appeared eight consecutive times from 1999 through 2007. As of 2007, UPMC ranks 13th among the best hospitals by U.S. News & World Report. [UPMC’s Wikipedia Listing. Retrieved on November 9, 2007]

History

Chartered in 1886 as the Western Pennsylvania Medical College, a free-standing school formed by local physicians, the School of Medicine sought university affiliation even in the early years of operations. In 1891 the School became affiliated with the Western University of Pennsylvania and, two decades later, was integrated into the newly designated University of Pittsburgh. Abraham Flexner, a renowned educator, published his first report, [http://www.carnegiefoundation.org/files/elibrary/flexner_report.pdf Medical Education in the U.S. and Canada] , in 1910 after he had visited 155 medical schools, including the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. In his report, Flexner made the following comments relative to the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine: “Since the present management took hold last fall, the admission of students has been more carefully supervised, the building has been put in excellent condition.... Whole-time instructors of modern training and ideals have been secured... A new building is in the process of erection...”

Flexner went on to cite the School as an example of what could be accomplished through sound University Management.

For the next four decades the School continued to evolve. At the end of World War II, active planning for a major change was initiated with the encouragement and assistance of the Mellons, a prominent Pittsburgh family. The University accepted the University Health Center concept and, in 1953, appointed the first vice chancellor of the Schools of the Health Professions. Plans were made to house the Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy in a new building contiguous to the principal teaching hospitals and the Graduate School of Public Health. To generate the necessary capital, the University planned a fund drive to raise an endowment. A handsome beginning was made when, by mid-December of 1953, $15 million was assured by grants of $5 million each from the A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, the Richard King Mellon Foundation, and the Sarah Mellon Scaife Foundation.

The new building, Scaife Hall, was completed in 1956 and recruitment of additional full-time faculty was begun. With increased facilities and faculty, the School of Medicine began to be recognized as a major center for research in a number of areas. In turn, the faculty of the School of Medicine attracted appreciable support for research and training from the National Institutes of Health and other federal agencies. Moreover, the School became assured of financial support for medical education when, in 1967, the University became state related as part of the higher education system of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. [History. School’s Web site. Retrieved on November 02, 2007. ]

Organization

The position of Senior Vice Chancellor for Health Sciences and Dean of the School of Medicine is a single leadership position. [Health Sciences Portal. Message from the SVC/Dean. Retrieved April 18, 2008.]

The School of Medicine is one of six schools of the health sciences. The other five schools of the health sciences include; School of Dental Medicine, Graduate School of Public Health, School of Nursing, School of Pharmacy, and School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences. [Health Sciences Portal. Message from the SVC/Dean. Retrieved April 18, 2008.] The School of Medicine is home to 28 departments: Anesthesiology, Biomedical Informatics, Cell Biology and Physiology, Computational Biology, Critical Care Medicine, Dermatology, Emergency Medicine, Family Medicine, Immunology, Medicine, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Neurobiology, Neurological Surgery, Neurology, Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Ophthalmology, Orthopedic Surgery, Otolaryngology, Pathology, Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Psychiatry, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Radiation Oncology, Radiology, Surgery, and Urology. [Departments. School’s Web site. Retrieved on April 22, 2008.]

Academics

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Liaison Council on Medical Education. The residency programs of the medical school are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. [Directory of Accredited Medical Education Programs, Liaison Council on Medical Education. Retrieved on February 19, 2008 http://www.lcme.org/directry.htm http://www.acgme.org/acWebsite/home/home.asp]

Doctor of Medicine Program

Curriculum

The doctor of medicine program is a full time four year program providing a general professional education that prepares students to pursue any career option in medicine. The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine curricular infrastructure combines a lecture-and problem-based curriculum with early and in-depth clinical experiences and an integrated organ systems approach to the preclinical sciences. The clinical years are characterized by an integrated clerkship structure and an emphasis on student flexibility.

The current curriculum was implemented in 2004 and features active, participatory learning, a problem-based approach, an early introduction to the patient and the community, and the integration of a rigorous foundation in basic and clinical biomedical sciences with the social and behavioral aspects of medicine. Key subject matter is longitudinally integrated throughout the curriculum, building upon a foundation of prior learning while providing a level-appropriate and well-synchronized introduction of new content.

Scheduled instructional time in the first two years of the curriculum is apportioned approximately as one-third lecture; one-third small group learning (much of which is problem-based learning; the remainder includes demonstrations, faculty-directed problem-solving exercises, skill-practice sessions, and other activities); and one-third activities (which includes observation of and appropriate participation in patient care, community-site visits, experience with standardized patients, high-fidelity simulations, laboratory exercises, and other activities).

Patient focus in the curriculum begins on day one, in the introduction to being a physician course. Students interview patients about their experience of illness and experiences with their physicians, and they visit community settings to develop an understanding of their roles as medical professionals. Medical interviewing and physical examination courses follow, along with exercises examining the many facets of physician life—in society, ethical settings, and at the patient bedside. Throughout the first two years, students apply their new skills in local practices and hospitals one afternoon per week. The basic science block runs through three-fourths of the first year and provides language and concepts that underlie the scientific basis of medical practice. Organ system block courses integrate physiology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, and patient with concurrent courses in the patient care and patient, physician and society blocks. Weekly discussions, patient interviews, and examination of hospitalized patients reinforce essential clinical skills.

The third-year curriculum consists of seven required clerkships. They are designed to optimize the balance between out-of-hospital and in-patient learning opportunities, eliminate unintentional curriculum redundancy, and optimize opportunities for student-designed curricula in the junior and senior years.

Every student engages in a mentored scholarly project conducted longitudinally throughout the four-year curriculum. Completion and presentation of the scholarly project is due in the spring of the senior year and is a requirement for graduation. Students pursue their projects through several program options, which may include areas of concentration. An innovative system of Web-based learning portfolios facilitates learner-mentor communication and enriches the possibilities for collaboration within and beyond the University.

The medical school maintains the curriculum online via the [http://navigator.medschool.pitt.edu/ Navigator system] , a family of Web-based applications with domain-specific courseware to support student achievement of course objectives. Students have access to a host of online resources such as digitized images, syllabi, practice quizzes, podcasts, and other material associated with specific instructional units. [MD Program. School’s Web site. Retrieved on November 02, 2007.]

Admissions

"General Requirements"

The medical school participates in the American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS) of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). The school considers currently enrolled students and graduates of accredited colleges for admission. Non United States citizens must hold a permanent resident visa (not conditional) or refugee/asylee status and have completed at least one full year of undergraduate education, including our prerequisites, in the United States.

In examining candidacy, the admissions committee will consider; 1) Undergraduate, post baccalaureate, and graduate records, 2) MCAT scores, 3) Independent and advanced study, 4) Research, 5) Work experience, 6) Extracurricular activities, including depth and breadth of your interests and activities outside the classroom, volunteer activities, community service, student government, hobbies, clubs, athletics, 6) Academic and personal recommendations, 7) Personal character: integrity, communication skills, leadership, motivation, creativity, 8) Supplemental essays and 9) Personal interviews

"Academic Requirements"

In addition to thorough preparation in the basic sciences, applicants should have a strong liberal arts education with demonstrated accomplishment in the humanities and social sciences. A strong background in mathematics is highly recommended. Acceptance of courses taken at foreign universities is determined on an individual basis at the discretion of the Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid. Applicants should have completed most premedical requirements to receive serious consideration. All requirements must be met before matriculation.

Specific minimum course requirements (One year each of) include Biology, exclusive of botany (with lab), General or inorganic chemistry (with lab), Organic chemistry (with lab), Physics (with lab), and English (including W courses taken outside of the English department).

The school will accept AP credit if credit was awarded by your college/university and the course credit granted appears on your transcript. [MD Program. School’s Admissions Web site. Retrieved on November 02, 2007]

tudents and Student Life

As of Fall 2007, the School of Medicine has 582 MD students: 306 men and 276 women. The School fosters an academic environment that encourages and supports a richness of diversity among students in various racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds. Underrepresented minority students make up approximately 15 percent of the medical student body. [Top Medical Schools. America’s Best Graduate Schools 2009. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved April 18, 2008.]

The structure of the curriculum promotes student interaction and collegiality. In addition, medical students get to know each other through involvement in organizations and extracurricular activities. Some of the many student groups on campus are the American Medical Student Association, the American Medical Association, specialty interest groups in most areas of medicine, Pitt Women in Medicine, and the [http://www.hsls.pitt.edu/guides/histmed History of Medicine Society] . Medical students have access to all facilities of the University of Pittsburgh, including athletic facilities. Pittsburgh is an accessible and exciting city, and, although on-campus housing is available, most medical students choose to live off campus. [The Princeton Review. Medical School Profile. Retrieved April 18, 2008.]

Graduate Programs

The School of Medicine offers a variety of programs leading to the Doctor of Philosophy, the Master of Science, or a certificate. As of the Fall 2007 term, the graduate programs have 380 students. [Fact Book. University of Pittsburgh Office of Institutional Research. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.] The school works with other schools of the University through collaborative graduate programs. The School of Medicine offers a joint MD/PhD program. [GRADUATE Graduate and Professional Bulletin. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

Doctoral Programs

"Interdisciplinary Biomedical Science Graduate Program"

Students may be admitted into 7 PhD degree granting programs in the School of Medicine or the School of Arts and Sciences through the Interdisciplinary Biomedical Science Graduate Program. These programs include:
* Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics
* Cell biology and Molecular physiology
* Cellular and Molecular pathology
* Immunology
* Molecular pharmacology
* Molecular virology and Microbiology
* Neuroscience (Neurobiology)

The Interdisciplinary Biomedical Science Graduate Program is flexible and accommodates students whose research interests are still evolving by introducing them to a variety of fields through interdisciplinary courses and laboratory experiences. For those students who have a clearly defined research interest, the program offers the opportunity to move quickly into the laboratory and accelerate their study. [Graduate and Professional Bulletin. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics Graduate Program"

The Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics (BMG) Graduate Program brings together faculty in both basic and applied sciences, including researchers from the School of Medicine, the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, and the Pittsburgh Center for Human Gene Therapy. BMG research is at the cutting edge of many emerging technologies, including stem cell biology, proteomics, Computational biology and genomics. BMG work has direct relevance to many diseases including cancer, diabetes, muscular dystrophy, and other genetic disorders. Faculty research interests encompass a wide variety of fields, and can be broadly divided into five major areas: molecular mechanisms of gene expression and signal transduction; gene therapy; oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes; cell cycle control and DNA replication; and protein structure-function analysis. [Graduate and Professional Bulletin. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Cell Biology and Molecular Physiology Graduate Program"

The Cell Biology and Molecular Physiology program research is focused on integrative biology; that is, using the tools of genetics, molecular biology, and biochemistry to understand the integrated functions of cells and organisms in the era following the description of the human genome. Graduates will be able to study and appreciate cell structure and function, physiology, cell interactions, and development from the molecular to the organ level. The faculty is drawn from both basic science and clinical departments. The central theme of integrative biology plays out in research projects that are focused on normal cellular function as well as understanding heart disease, cancer and diabetes, as well as inherited disorders of developmental and reproductive functions. [School’s Graduate Program Web site. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Cellular and Molecular Pathology Graduate Program"

The program combines basic science and clinical research to explore fundamental questions related to the biology of normal tissue growth and development, tissue engineering, as well as the cellular and molecular pathways leading to disease in human and animal models. Active research programs investigate diverse topics such as liver development, disease and transplantation, developmental neuroscience and neurological diseases, mechanisms of gene regulation, cancer biology, angiogenesis, pulmonary disease, inflammation and autoimmunity, genetics, bioinformatics, and molecular diagnostics. Research laboratories are located throughout the medical center campus and research studies involve both basic research scientists and clinician scientists. [Graduate and Professional Bulletin. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Immunology Graduate Program"

The immunology program focuses on six areas of research: cancer immunology, transplantation immunology, infectious disease immunology, autoimmunity, immunology of lung diseases, and basic immunologic mechanisms. Cancer immunology studies include tumor antigen discovery and presentation, in vivo vaccination strategies to develop safe and effective treatments for cancer, and the search for underlying genetic or biochemical defects that lead to cell transformation and tumorigenesis that may also influence tumor immunogenicity. These studies emphasize intracellular signal transduction, programmed cell death, and oncogene function. Transplantation immunology concentrates on weakening the immune response to allow foreign organ and tissue transplants. Program members focus on the basic biology of immune cell non-reactivity (tolerance) to foreign organs and tissues, as well as on the use of new immunomodulatory drugs to promote transplant acceptance without endangering patients' abilities to resist infections.

Studies of the immune response to infectious disease focus on mechanisms the immune system uses to eliminate viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections as well as the immune evasion mechanisms employed by pathogens. Investigation of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosis, and type-1 diabetes involve detailed analysis of the molecular mechanisms underlying the autoimmune response and of the development of novel therapeutic and preventive measures for these often-fatal diseases.

Immunology of lung diseases studies both basic mechanisms of dendritic cell maturation and their influence on T-cell differentiation and the relevance of these interactions in disease second in tolerance. Some foci of basic immunologic mechanisms include cell and organ development and homeostasis, cellular activation and inactivation signaling cascades, and the use of gene therapy to modulate immune responses. [Graduate and Professional Bulletin. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Molecular Pharmacology Graduate Program"

The program is focused on molecular and cellular mechanisms of intracellular signaling using a combination of biochemical, molecular biological, biophysical, ultra structural, and imaging approaches. Basic information on cellular communication in health and disease provides the basis for the development and testing of novel therapeutic agents. Applications of this common theme are directed toward research in drug discovery, cancer, pharmacology, signal transduction, neurodegenerative diseases, and cell and organ system pharmacology. Formal interactions with the Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, the Center for Neuroscience, the Pittsburgh Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases (PIND), the Division of Clinical Pharmacology, the Drug Discovery Program, and the Center for Biological Imaging provide a broad multidisciplinary approach to training in modern molecular pharmacology. [Graduate and Professional Bulletin. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Molecular Virology and Microbiology Graduate Program"

The molecular virology and microbiology program faculty address a diverse array of contemporary issues ranging from elucidation of the molecular mechanisms governing pathogen-host interactions to the epidemiology underlying infectious diseases. Research topics include the study of gene expression, mechanisms of persistence and pathogenesis, the host immune response, and molecular-based strategies to combat infectious disease. Students in the program gain a comprehensive interdisciplinary background in modern molecular virology and microbiology with a strong underpinning in molecular biology, immunology, and biochemistry. This program acts as a network to coordinate and promote collaborative basic and clinical advancement of microbiology and virology, enabling transfer of new ideas and technologies among faculty laboratories to the clinical arena. [Graduate and Professional Bulletin. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Neuroscience Graduate Program"

Neuroscience is the study of the structure and function of the nervous system. Understanding the nervous system provides key insights into human nature as well as treatments for a host of devastating neurologic and psychiatric disorders. The CNUP graduate program introduces students to the fundamental issues and experimental approaches in neuroscience and trains them in the theory and practice of laboratory research. [University of Pittsburgh Center for Neuroscience Web site. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.]

"Biomedical Informatics Training Program"

The Biomedical Informatics Training Program, in the Department of Biomedical Informatics, prepares individuals for research and development careers emphasizing the application of modern information technology to health care, biological and clinical research, and education of health professionals. The program offers master’s and doctoral degrees in biomedical informatics. Specific concentrations of study can be obtained in the areas of bioinformatics, dental informatics, health services research, and infectious disease and public health informatics (biosurveillance). A Certificate Program is also available to serve students with a wide variety of goals and backgrounds. At the discretion of the director of the program, short-term traineeships can be arranged. Such training can be done on a part-time basis. The program also offers non-degree postdoctoral fellowships (such applicants must have a doctoral degree in the health sciences), designed to provide two years of full-time fellowship training.

MD/PhD Program

The MD/PhD Program, established in 1983 and funded partly by the NIH Medical Scientist Training Program, is a collaborative training program involving the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University. For students who have a clearly defined interest in biomedical research, the MD/PhD program serves as a bridge between the medical curriculum and the large number of graduate programs at the two universities. Students enrolled in the program complete the entire medical school curriculum as well as the curriculum of a field of study for the PhD degree. Graduates receive a dual degree. The program takes advantage of the highly developed curricula of the medical and graduate programs as well as the large depth and breadth of research available at the two universities. MD/PhD students typically complete the first two years of medical school before entering a program leading to the PhD degree. The students then enter a track in a selected field of study. Students choose from the basic sciences at the School of Medicine, School of Engineering, Graduate School of Public Health, and Faculty of Arts and Sciences and similar programs at Carnegie Mellon University. The estimated time to completion of the entire dual degree program is 7.6 years, ranging from six to ten years.

Faculty

As of July 1, 2007 the School of Medicine had 1981 volunteer faculty. Forty-nine faculty members from throughout the school are current members of the [http://www.ame.pitt.edu Academy of Master Educators] , which was developed to recognize and reward excellence in medical education. [2007-08 Fact Book University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine]

Research

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is an important center for medical research: it and its affiliates received nearly $447 million in NIH support in fiscal year 2006. This level of support places Pitt at #6 (behind Harvard, Johns Hopkins, Penn, UCSF, and Washington) out of the 123 American medical schools that received Federal research funding in fiscal year 2006. In addition, the School of Medicine received nearly $135 million of support through a synergistic relationship with its associated hospital system: the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. A major aim of the School of Medicine's research in coming years, among others, is to monitor gene expression and its consequences on a cell, in vivo, on a molecular scale using nuclear magnetic resonance. A focus on translational research - moving recent biomedical research from the laboratory into mainstream clinical practice - is also emphasized. [Levine, A.: "State of the School Address". 9 May 2007.]

Resources

[http://www.hsls.pitt.edu The Health Sciences Library System (HSLS)] supports the educational, research, clinical, and service activities of the health sciences community of the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) through development and provision of innovative information resources and services.

[http://www.hsls.pitt.edu HSLS] includes the following libraries:

Falk Library of Health Sciences serves as the flagship of the [http://www.hsls.pitt.edu HSLS] , with a wide-ranging collection of biomedical and health-related journals and monographs, as well as a specialized collection of rare and historical materials. The Computer and Media Center (CMC) offers computing and Internet access to qualified library users, as well as videotapes, audiotapes, slide sets and software packages. The CMC has more than 75 available computers, as well a classroom equipped for group computer instruction. The University’s wireless network is available throughout the library. The Falk Library is open 110 hours per week.

The Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinical Library (WPIC) houses the Benedum Audiovisual Center which carries a collection of audiovisual materials and a computing center with 9 user stations. Information for patients and families is also available. WPIC Library is open 50 hours per week.

The James Frazer Hillman Health Sciences Library and the Hopwood Library: A Health Resource Center for Patients and Families at UPMC Shadyside provide books, journals, audiovisuals, and computers to support clinical practice and patient/family education. This combined library facility is open 50 hours per week.

The Blaxter Medical Library, the Family Resource Center, and the Moulis Children’s Library at Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh contain specialized collections in clinical pediatrics, child health and wellness, recreational reading and videotapes for hospitalized children, as well as computers available to employees of Children’s Hospital and patient families. This combined library facility is open 53 hours per week.

The [http://www.hsls.pitt.edu HSLS] staff includes 26.6 FTE librarians, 37.7 FTE paraprofessional and technical staff, and 5.6 FTE student assistants. The [http://www.hsls.pitt.edu HSLS] serves more than 55,000 primary clients, including health sciences faculty, staff, students, residents, and employees of UPMC hospitals. [ [http://www.hsls.pitt.edu/about/hsls_overview.doc 2008 Health Sciences Library System Overview] ]

Pitt Med Magazine

"Pitt Med magazine" is the school's quarterly magazine, produced by the Office of Public Affairs. It has been in publication since 2000. [ [http://pittmed.health.pitt.edu/archives.htm Pitt Med, University of Pittsburgh] ] "Pitt Med" highlights the current research at the School of Medicine, and showcases the achievements of its doctors and alumni. Each magazine contains several feature stories, brief informative clips of information, and an alumni section. "Pitt Med" is free and available to all University of Pittsburgh students and alumni, as well as anyone who requests a copy or a subscription.

caife Hall

Originally residing in cramped Pennsylvania Hall, ground was broken on a new School of Medicine building on June 29, 1954 and opened in 1956. The ten-story structure's original construction costs were $15 million. By 1958, the building was received its current moniker in honor of one of the school's primary benefactors. The building is attached to UPMC Presbyterian Hospital and contains classrooms, lecture halls, laboratories, and the Falk Library of the Health Sciences. [ [http://images.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/i/image/image-idx?xc=1;g=imls;q1=Scaife%20Hall;rgn1=dc_su;q2=clapp;op2=Not;rgn2=ic_all;sid=a735c325d4f73308bf153256504c5847;c=accd;c=aerial;c=allegob;c=chatham;c=cma;c=cmaharris;c=consol;c=cp;c=darlfamily;c=fairbanks;c=fcox;c=fwag;c=gn;c=gret;c=gt;c=hjhz;c=iks;c=jal;c=jben;c=ka;c=kauf;c=lysh;c=mest;c=pghprints;c=pghrail;c=pps;c=rr;c=rust;c=shourek;c=smoke;c=spencer;c=stotz;c=switch;c=trim;c=uapitt;c=ue;c=unionarcade;c=urban;size=20;lasttype=boolean;view=entry;lastview=thumbnail;subview=detail;cc=accd;entryid=x-msp285.b009.f18.i01;viewid=ACCD0530.TIF;start=1;resnum=1 Construction of Scaife Hall, Historic Pittsburgh Image Collection, accessdate=2008-08-17] ]

External links

* [http://www.medschool.pitt.edu/ Website]
* [http://www.pitt.edu/ University of Pittsburgh Website]
* [http://www.mdphd.pitt.edu/ MDPhD Program Website]
* [http://www.medschool.pitt.edu/PDFs/06-07%20Fact%20Book-published%20version.pdf University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine 06-07 Fact Book]
* [http://www.health.pitt.edu/state_of_the_school_address/2006/index.htm 2006 State of the School Address]
* [http://www.health.pitt.edu/state_of_the_school_address/2007/index.htm 2007 State of the School Address]
* [http://pittmed.health.pitt.edu/Winter_2007/index.htm]
* [http://www.hsls.pitt.edu/about/hsls_overview.doc 2008 Health Sciences Library System Overview]

References


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