- William Stern
:"This article is about the German psychologist William Lewis Stern. William Stern is also the name of the father in the 1986-1988 "
Baby M" custodybattle."
William Lewis Stern (
April 29, 1871- March 27, 1938), born Wilhelm Louis Stern, was a German psychologistand philosophernoted as a pioneer in the field of the psychologyof personality and intelligence. He was the inventor of the concept of the intelligence quotient, or IQ, later used by Lewis Termanand other researchers in the development of the first IQ tests, based on the work of Alfred Binet. He was the father of the German writer and philosopher Günther Anders. In 1897, Stern invented the tone variator, allowing him to research human perception of sound in an unprecedented way.
Stern was born in
Berlin, the grandson of the German- Jewish reform philosopher Sigismund Stern. He received his PhDin psychology from the University of Berlinin 1893. He taught at the University of Breslaufrom 1897 to 1916. In 1916 he was appointed Professor of Psychology at University of Hamburg, where he remained until 1933 as Director of the Psychologic Institute. Stern, a Jew, was ousted by Hitler's regime after the rise of Nazi power. He emigrated first to the Netherlands, then to the United States in 1933, where he was appointed Lecturer and Professor at Duke University. He taught at Duke until his death in 1938.
He was married to Clara Joseephy, a psychologist. They had three children: Hilde, Eva and Günther, who became an essayist and thinker as well.
Stern was considered in his time as a leading youth psychologist and one of the foremost authorities in differential psychology. He introduced to intelligence testing the concept of the intelligence quotient or I.Q., the practice of dividing the developmental age by the chronological age. Stern's philosophy, which is laid down in several voluminous books, was expressed as a form of
Stern also wrote about the
personaof groups of people. He viewed large institutions like the church as living entities with personalities. He is quoted in the Dutch book "De levende Onderneming" ("The Living Company") by Arie de Geuswho uses Stern's philosophy to explain the longevity of certain companies like Shell Oiland Mitsubishi.
* Stern, W. (1912). "The Psychological Methods of Intelligence Testing" (G. Whipple, Trans.). Baltimore: Warwick and York.
* "General Psychology from the Personalistic Standpoint" (1938)
* [http://www.indiana.edu/~intell/stern.shtml Biography] from Indiana University
* [http://www.bh.org.il/Names/POW/Stern.asp Profile] at Museum of the Jewish Diaspora
* [http://radicalacademy.com/adiphicontemphilosophers4.htm Biography] at Radical Academy
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Stern — William Stern, geboren als Wilhelm Louis Stern, (* 29. April 1871 in Berlin; † 27. März 1938 in Durham, North Carolina) war ein bedeutender deutscher Psychologe, Begründer der Differenziellen Psychologie und Erfinder des Intelligenzquotienten. Er … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Stern — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Stern. William Stern (29 avril 1871 à Berlin, Allemagne 27 mars 1938 à Durham, États Unis) était un psychologue allemand. Il est à la base des efforts en psychologie pour mesurer l intelligence, c est à dire le… … Wikipédia en Français
William Stern — William Lewis Stern (29 de abril de 1871 27 de marzo de 1938), psicólogo y filósofo alemán, conocido como pionero en el campo de la psicología de la personalidad y de la inteligencia. Fue el inventor del concepto cociente de la inteligencia, o… … Wikipedia Español
William Stern (businessman) — Stern Group redirects here. For the Zionist armed group, see Stern Gang. William George Stern (born c.1934) is a businessman most notable as the owner of the British Stern Group of companies. When it collapsed in 1973, Stern became Britain s… … Wikipedia
STERN, WILLIAM — (Louis; 1871–1938), German philosopher and psychologist; grandson of sigismund stern . Stern, who was born and educated in Berlin, was the founder of personalistic psychology and a pioneer in many other fields of psychology. He taught philosophy… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Stern (Familienname) — Stern ist ein Familienname. Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z … Deutsch Wikipedia
Stern (name) — Stern is a German family name, from the German word for star.People with the family name* Abraham Stern (1907 1942), founder and leader of Stern gang (Lehi) * Adolf Stern (1835 1907), German literary historian and poet * Adolf Stern (chess… … Wikipedia
William — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Nombre 1.1 Personajes 1.2 Desambiguaciones de nombre y apellido 2 Véase también … Wikipedia Español
Stern — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour l’article homophone, voir sterne. Stern désigne : Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français
William S. Burroughs — William S. Burroughs, 1983, an seinem 69. Geburtstag William Seward Burroughs (* 5. Februar 1914 in St. Louis, Missouri; † 2. August 1997 in Lawrence, Kansas) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller und wird der Beat Generation zugere … Deutsch Wikipedia