- Science Applications International Corporation
company_name = Science Applications International Corporation
company_type = Public (NYSE: [http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/sai.html SAI] ) |
foundation = 1969
La Jolla, California, USA
key_people = Ken Dahlberg (CEO)
Dr. J. R. Beyster (Founder)
num_employees = approximately 44,000
homepage = [http://www.saic.com/ www.saic.com]
Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) nyse|SAI is a FORTUNE 500 scientific, engineering and technology applications company in the
United Stateswith numerous federal, state, and private sector clients. It works extensively with the United States Department of Defense, the United States Department of Homeland Security, and the United States Intelligence Community, including the National Security Agency, as well as other U.S. Government civil agencies and selected commercial markets. It was founded by Dr. J. Robert "Bob" Beyster in 1969 in La Jolla, California, as Science Applications Incorporated. [Dr. J. Robert Beyster with Peter Economy, The SAIC Solution: How We Built an $8 Billion Employee-Owned Technology Company, John Wiley & Sons (2007) p.xiii] As of 2008, SAIC employed 43,800 employees in 150 cities worldwide and reported $8.9 billion in revenue for its fiscal year ended January 31, 2008, [cite web | title=Company Overview| work=SAIC Web Site| url=https://issaic.saic.com/portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=EP_home_page| accessmonthday=April 17 | accessyear=2008 ] making it number 285 [cite web | title=SAIC Ranks Among Highest Revenue Businesses| work=SAIC Web Site | url=http://www.saic.com/cover-archive/saicachieve/500.html| accessmonthday=August 13 | accessyear=2006 ] on the Fortune 500list.
In fiscal year 2003, SAIC did over $2.6 billion in business with the
United States Department of Defense, making it the ninth largest defense contractor in the United States. Other large contracts include their contract for information technologyfor the 2004 Olympicsin Greece[cite web | title=After Olympics contractors leave behind IT legacy| work=Washington Technology| url=http://www.washingtontechnology.com/news/19_12/cover-stories/24520-1.html| accessmonthday=August 13 | accessyear=2006 ] and from 2001 to 2005, SAIC was the primary contractor for the FBI's failed Virtual Case Fileproject. [cite web | title=The FBI's Upgrade That Wasn't | work=Washington Post | url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/08/17/AR2006081701485.html | accessmonthday=February 8 | accessyear=2007]
November 3, 2003, Kenneth C. Dahlbergwas named the CEO of SAIC, ending Beyster's 30+ years of leadership. In May 2005, under the new CEO, the company changed its external tagline from "An Employee-Owned Company" to "From Science to Solutions", retaining the former for internal communications.
The company has had as part of its management, and on its Board of Directors, many well known ex-government personnel including
Melvin Laird, Secretary of Defense in the Nixon administration; William Perry, Secretary of Defense for Bill Clinton; John Deutsch, President Clinton's CIA Director; Admiral Bobby Ray Inmanwho served in various capacities in the NSA and CIA for the Ford, Carter and Reagan administrations; and David Kay who led the search for weapons of mass destruction for the U.N. following the 1991 Gulf War and for the Bush Administration following the 2003 Iraq invasion.
In June 2001 the FBI paid SAIC $122 million to create a virtual case file system or VCF – software to speed up the sharing of information among agents. But the FBI abandoned VCF when it failed to function adequately. Robert Mueller, FBI Director, testified to a congressional committee, “When SAIC delivered the first product in December 2003 we immediately identified a number of deficiencies – 17 at the outset. That soon cascaded to 50 or more and ultimately to 400 problems with that software ... We were indeed disappointed.”
"We fully conformed to the contract we have and gave the taxpayers real value for their money," said Arnold L. Punaro, executive vice president of SAIC.
He blamed the FBI for the initial problems, saying the agency had a parade of program managers and demanded too many design changes. During 15 months that SAIC worked on the program, 19 different government managers were involved and 36 contract modifications were ordered, he said.
"There were an average of 1.3 changes every day from the FBI, for a total of 399 changes during the period," Punaro said. [cite web | title=SAIC Says FBI Should Deploy its Software| work=SignOnSanDiego.com| url=http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/business/20050203-1653-cnssaiccrx.html| accessmonthday=September 18 | accessyear=2008 ]
Initial Public Offering
SAIC conducted an
initial public offeringof common stockon 13 October 2006. The IPO raised US$1.7 billion. After the proposed IPO, existing employee-owners would retain between 80 percent and 90 percent of the new company, meaning that the employee ownership would be substantially preserved.Fact|date=July 2007
September 27, 2006, during a special meeting of stockholders, employee-owners voted by a margin of 86% to proceed with the IPO. The initial stock price is estimated at $13-$15 per share, with a public offering of 75 million shares. If the underwriters, Bear Stearnsand Morgan Stanley, exercise overallotment options, an additional 11.25 million shares will be offered. The company also plans to pay a special dividend to existing stock holders upon completion of the IPO of $1.6 billion to $2.4 billion.
Defense Intelligence Agency(DIA) transitioned a Remote Viewing Program to SAIC in 1991 and it was renamed Stargate Project.
In January 1999, new SAIC consultant
Steven Hatfilland his collaborator, SAIC vice president Joseph Soukup, commissioned William C Patrick (a retired leading figure in the old US bioweapons program) to report on the possibilities of terrorist anthrax mailings in the United States. (There had been a spate of hoax anthrax mailings in the previous two years.) Barbara Hatch Rosenberg said that the report was commissioned "under a CIA contract to SAIC". However, SAIC said Hatfill and Soukup commissioned it internally — there was no outside client.
Patrick produced his 28-page report in February 1999. Some subsequently saw it as a "blueprint" for the
2001 anthrax attacks. The report suggested the maximum amount of anthrax powder -- 2.5 grams -- that could be put in an envelope without producing a suspicious bulge. This was just a little more than the actual amounts -- 2 grams each -- in the letters sent to Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy. But the report also suggested that a terrorist might produce a spore concentration of 50 billion spores per gram. This was only one-twentieth the actual concentration -- 1 trillion spores per gram -- in the letters sent to the Senators. [William J Broad, "Terror Anthrax Linked to Type Made by U.S.", New York Times, 3 December 2001; Barbara Hatch Rosenberg (director of the Federation of American Scientists' biochem weapons working group), " [http://www.angelfire.com/ny5/libertystrikesback/Rosenberg.html Analysis of the Anthrax Attacks] " (copy); Guy Gugliotta and Dan Eggen, " [http://www.ph.ucla.edu/EPI/bioter/biowarfareexpertsques.html Biological Warfare Experts Questioned in Anthrax Probe] ", "Washington Post", June 28, 2002 (UCLA copy); Brian Ross, " [http://abcnews.go.com/WNT/story?id=130193&page=1&ROS=true Blueprint for Anthrax Attack] ", ABC News online, 27 June 2002; Marilyn W Thompson, " [http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A49717-2003Sep9?language=printer The Pursuit of Steven Hatfill] ", Washington Post, 14 September 2003, p.W06.)]
In 2002, SAIC was chosen by the NSA to produce a technology demonstration platform for the agency's Trailblazer program in a contract worth $280 million. Trailblazer is a 'Digital Network Intelligence' system, intended to analyze data carried on computer networks. Project participants included
Boeing, Computer Sciences Corporation, and Booz Allen Hamilton. SAIC had also participated in the concept definition phase of Trailblazer, beginning March 2001. [cite news
title=SAIC team gets demonstration phase of Trailblazer
October 21, 2002
author=Patience Wait] According to science news site
PhysOrg.com, Trailblazer was a continuation of the earlier ThinThreadprogram. [cite web
title=NSA datamining pushes tech envelope
May 25, 2006
publisher=PhysOrg.com.] In 2005 NSA director
Michael Haydentold a Senate hearing that the Trailblazer program was several hundred million dollars over budget and years behind schedule. [cite web
title=NSA's New Boss Puts Faith In Hi Tech Fixes
August 18, 2005
*Bechtel SAIC Company, LLC, a joint venture between SAIC and
*Benham, a subsidiary of SAIC and its subsidiaries
*Eagan, McAllister Associates, Inc a wholly owned subsidiary of SAIC under the C4I business unit.
*Hicks & Associates
*SAIC International Subsidiaries
*SAIC Venture Capital Corporation
*Applied Marine Technology Corporation, A SAIC Operation
*EAI Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary
SAIC India Presence
SAIC has its development center in Delhi and Bangalore. Scicom Technologies Noida was acquired by SAIC in September 2007.
AMSEC LLC, a business partnership between SAIC and
Northrop Grummansubsidiary Newport News Shipbuilding divested on 13 July 2007.Fact|date=May 2008 Network Solutionswas acquired by SAIC in 1995, [citeweb|title=Science Applications International Corporation vs. Comptroller of the Treasury|url=http://www.txcrt.state.md.us/decisions/pdf/saic.pdf|publisher=txcrt.state.md.us|accessdate=2008-04-17|format=PDF] and subsequently was acquired by VeriSign, Inc. for $21 billion.citeweb|title=Company History|url=http://about-networksolutions.com/corporate-history.php|publisher=networksolutions.com|accessdate=2008-03-29]
* [http://www.saic.com/ Official website]
* [http://www.saic-india.com/ SAIC India]
* [http://www.saic.com/saic-ipo IPO Information]
* [http://www.beyster.com Dr. J. Robert Beyster's blog]
* [http://www.fed.org Foundation for Enterprise Development]
*"The SAIC Solution: How We Built an $8 Billion Employee-Owned Technology Company" (ISBN 978-0470097526)
* [http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/stargate.htm Remote Viewing Operation]
* [http://www.homelanddefensestocks.com/DMR/News/100406.asp IPO Approval Press Release]
* [http://www.secinfo.com/$/SEC/Registrant.asp?CIK=1336920 SAIC's SEC filings]
* [http://www.nceo.org/library/eo100.html National Center for Employee Ownership (NCEO)]
* [http://www.pogo.org/p/contracts/c/co-030613-saic.html Project for Government Oversight Report on SAIC] Lobbying records and lists of ex-government SAIC employees.
* [http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20040704/news_mz1b4nation.html Coverage of SAIC Iraq Single-source contracts]
* [http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Science_Applications_International_Corporation SourceWatch article]
* [http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2007/03/spyagency200703 Washington's $8 Billion Shadow] (Vanity Fair Magazine, March 2007)
* [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/expose/expose_2007/episode204/index.html PBS 10/07/2007 episode of Expose on SAIC]
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