Pope Boniface IV


Pope Boniface IV

Infobox Pope
English name=Boniface IV


birth_name=???
term_start=September 15, 608
term_end=May 25 615
predecessor=Boniface III
successor=Adeodatus I
birth_date=c. 550
birthplace=Valeria, Italy
dead=dead|death_date=death date|615|5|25|mf=y
deathplace=Rome, Italy
other=Boniface
infobox popestyles
papal name=Pope Boniface IV
dipstyle=His Holiness
offstyle=Your Holiness
relstyle=Holy Father
deathstyle=Saint|

Pope Saint Boniface IV (c. 550 – May 25 615) was pope from 608 to his death.

Son of Johannes, a physician, a Marsian from the province and town of Valeria; he succeeded Boniface III after a vacancy of over nine months. He was consecrated on either 25 August (Duchesne) or 15 September (Jaffé) in 608. His death is listed as either May 8 or 25 May, 615 by these two authorities.

In the time of Pope Gregory I, he was a deacon of the Roman Church and held the position of "dispensator", that is, the first official in connection with the administration of the patrimonies.

Boniface obtained leave from the Emperor Phocas to convert the Pantheon, Rome into a Christian Church, and on May 13 609 (?) the temple erected by Agrippa to Jupiter the Avenger, to Venus, and to Mars was consecrated by the pope to the Virgin Mary and all the Martyrs. It was the first instance at Rome of the transformation of a pagan temple into a place of Christian worship. Twenty-eight cartloads of sacred bones were said to have been removed from the Catacombs and placed in a porphyry basin beneath the high altar.

During the pontificate of Boniface, Mellitus, the first Bishop of London, went to Rome "to consult the pope on important matters relative to the newly established English Church" [Bede, H. E., II, iv.] . While in Rome he assisted at a council then being held concerning certain questions on "the life and monastic peace of monks", and, on his departure, took with him to England the decree of the council together with letters from the pope to Lawrence, Archbishop of Canterbury, and to all the clergy, to King Ethelbert, and to all the English people "concerning what was to be observed by the Church of England". The decrees of the council now extant are spurious. The letter to Ethelbert [In William of Malmesbury, De Gest. Pont., I, 1464, ed. Migne.] is considered spurious by Hefele [Conciliengeschichte, III, 66.] , questionable by Haddan and Stubbs [Councils, III, 65.] , and genuine by Jaffé [Regest. RR. PP., 1988 (1548).] .

Between 612 and 615, the Irish missionary Saint Columban, then living at Bobbio in Italy, was persuaded by Agilulf, King of the Lombards, to address a letter on the condemnation of the "Three Chapters" to Boniface IV, which is remarkable at once for its expressions of exaggerated deference and its tone of excessive sharpness.

"You have already erred, O Rome! — fatally, foully erred. No longer do you shine as a star in the apostolic firmament," Columban wrote.

In it he tells the pope that he is charged with heresy for accepting the Fifth Ecumenical Council (the Second Council of Constantinople in 553), and exhorts him to summon a council and prove his orthodoxy. Despite Columban's letter, it seems not to have disturbed in the least his relation with the Holy See, and it would be wrong to suppose that Columban regarded himself as independent of the pope's authority.Fact|date=July 2007

During the pontificate of Boniface there was much distress in Rome owing to famine, pestilence, and inundations, and the pope, since he was considered to be the closest link between God and man, was often blamed by proxy for these misfortunes. The pontiff died in monastic retirement (he had converted his own house into a monastery) and was buried in the portico of St. Peter's Basilica. His remains were three times removed — in the tenth or eleventh century, at the close of the thirteenth under Boniface VIII, and to the new St. Peter's on 21 October 1603.

Boniface IV is commemorated as a saint in the Roman Martyrology on his feast day, 25 May.

During Boniface's reign, Muhammad began to preach in Mecca, forming the basis of Islam.

References

* Bede. Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum
* Gasquet, Francis Aidan. "A Short History of the Catholic Church in England", 19
* Gregorovius, Ferdinand. II, 104
* Hunt, William. The English Church from Its Foundation to the Norman Conquest. Vol. 1. "A History of the English Church", W. R. W. Stephens and William Hunt, ed. London: Macmillan and Co., 1901. 42
* Jaffé, Regesta Pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum 1198. Berlin, 1851; 2d ed., Leipsic, 1881-88. I, 220
* Joseph Langen, "Geschichte der Römischen Kirche", 501
* Liber Pontificalis (ed. Duchesne), I, 317
* Mann, Horace K. Lives of the Popes I, 268-279
*Mansi, Gian Domenico. X, 501
*Paul the Deacon, "History of the Longobards", IV, 36 (37)

Notes

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02660c.htm Biography] from the "Catholic Encyclopedia"
* [http://www.cfpeople.org/Books/Pope/POPEp67.htm Biography] from CFPeople.org

Persondata
NAME=Boniface IV, Pope
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Bonifatius IV (Latin); Boniface, Saint
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Pope
DATE OF BIRTH=ca. 550
PLACE OF BIRTH=Valeria, Italy
DATE OF DEATH=May 25 615
PLACE OF DEATH=Rome, Italy


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Boniface IX —     Pope Boniface IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface IX     Elected at Rome, 2 November, 1389, as successor of the Roman Pope, Urban VI; d. there, 1 October, 1404. Piero (Perino, Pietro) Tomacelli came of an ancient but impoverished… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Boniface II —     Pope Boniface II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface II     Elected 17 September, 530; died October, 532.     In calling him the son of Sigisbald, the Liber Pontificalis makes first mention of a pope s Germanic ancestry. Boniface… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Boniface IX — Infobox Pope English name=Boniface IX birth name=Piero Tomacelli term start=November 2, 1389 term end=October 1, 1404 predecessor=Urban VI successor=Innocent VII birth date= ca. 1356 birthplace= Naples, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Boniface — There have been nine Popes named Boniface.:Pope Boniface I (reigned 418 422):Pope Boniface II (530 532):Pope Boniface III (607):Pope Boniface IV (608 615):Pope Boniface V (619 625):Pope Boniface VI (896):Pope Boniface VII (984 985) (now listed as …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Boniface I — Infobox Pope English name=Boniface I birth name=??? term start=December 28, 418 term end=September 4, 422 predecessor=Zosimus successor=Celestine I birth date=??? birthplace=??? dead=dead|death date=death date|422|9|4|mf=y deathplace=???… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Boniface V — Infobox Pope English name=Boniface V birth name=??? term start=December 23, 619 term end=October 25, 625 predecessor=Adeodatus I successor=Honorius I birth date=??? birthplace=Naples, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|625|10|25|mf=y… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Boniface II — Infobox Pope English name=Boniface II birth name=??? term start=530 term end=532 predecessor=Felix IV successor=John II birth date=??? birthplace=??? dead=dead|death date=532 deathplace=??? other=BonifacePope Boniface II was pope from 530 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Boniface VI — Infobox Pope English name=Boniface VI birth name=??? term start=April 896 term end=April 896 predecessor=Formosus successor=Stephen VI birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=April 896 deathplace=??? other=BonifaceBoniface VI,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Boniface VIII —     Pope Boniface VIII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Boniface VIII     (BENEDETTO GAETANO)     Born at Anagni about 1235; died at Rome, 11 October, 1303. He was the son of Loffred, a descendant of a noble family originally Spanish, but long… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Boniface VIII — Infobox pope English name=Boniface VIII birth name=Benedetto Caetani term start=December 24, 1294 term end=October 11, 1303 predecessor=Celestine V successor=Benedict XI birth date=c. 1235 birthplace= Anagni, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.