Dean Channel


Dean Channel

Dean Channel is the upper end of one of the longest inlets of the British Columbia Coast[1], 105 km (65.2 mi) from its head at the mouth of the Kimsquit River. The Dean River, one of the main rivers of the Coast Mountains, enters Dean Channel about 9.5 km (5.9 mi) below the head of the inlet, at the community of Kimsquit.

Contents

History

Dean Channel was named by Captain Vancouver in 1793 after Rev. James King, Dean of Raphoe, Ireland. The channel was surveyed by Captain Richards in 1861 of the HMS Hecate.[2]:133 It is located within the Central Coast Regional District.

Branches

Ending at the mouth of Cousins Inlet, which is the harbour for the abandoned town of Ocean Falls, the fjord's name changes to Fisher Channel down the west side of King Island. Below Fisher Channel's 40 km (24.9 mi) length the fjord merges with Burke Channel, which is a 70 km (43.5 mi) sidewater of the Dean/Fisher Channel on the east side of King Island, the name of the fjord changes to Fitz Hugh Sound, which is considerably wider than the upper part of the fjord at about 10 km (6.2 mi) in width and is itself about 60 km (37.3 mi) in length. Fitz Hugh Sound passes on the inside of Calvert Island and opens onto Queen Charlotte Sound just northwest of the opening of Queen Charlotte Strait.

Opening onto Fitz Hugh Sound in its lower reaches near Queen Charlotte Sound is Rivers Inlet, home of the Wuikinuxv people (Owekeeno). The total length of the fjord from the head of Dean Channel to the mouth of Fitz Hugh Sound is about 170 km (105.6 mi) rivalling Hardangerfjord in Norway for length. If the additional lengths of South Bentinck Arm (45 km (28.0 mi)) and North Bentinck Arm (30 km (18.6 mi)), plus Burke Channel and its shorter companion, Labouchere Channel (15 km (9.3 mi)), and a sidewater of Burke named Kwatna Inlet (25 km (15.5 mi)) were factored in, total length of the fjord complex's waterways is 335 km (208.2 mi) - longer than Sognefjord's 203 km (126.1 mi) and rivalling Greenland's Scoresby Sund's 350 km (217.5 mi).

North Bentinck Arm

A side-inlet of Burke Channel, North Bentinck Arm, is noteworthy as the terminus of the overland expedition by fur trade explorer Alexander Mackenzie, who wrote his name on a rock on its shoreline just a few weeks after Captain George Vancouver visited the inlet, which is the home of the Nuxálk Nation. The town of Bella Coola is at the head of North Bentinck Arm; Bella Coola is the English name for the Nuxalk. It is the only community on the coast between Vancouver, British Columbia and Kitimat, British Columbia, to have road access to the rest of the province, via BC Hwy 20 to Williams Lake via the Chilcotin Plateau.

References

  1. ^ "Dean Channel". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/8547.html. 
  2. ^ Walbran, Captain John T. (1971), British Columbia Place Names, Their Origin and History (Facsimile reprint of 1909 ed.), Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, ISBN 0-88894-143-9, http://www.nosracines.ca/e/toc.aspx?id=3545 

Coordinates: 52°19′N 127°31′W / 52.317°N 127.517°W / 52.317; -127.517


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