List of amphibians of India


List of amphibians of India

This is an index to the amphibians found in India. The amphibians of India show a high level of endemism.Daniels, R. J. R. (2001) Endemic fishes of the Western Ghats and the Satpura hypothesis. Current Science 81(3):240-244 [http://www.iisc.ernet.in/currsci/aug102001/240.pdf PDF] ] This list is based largely on Frost (2006) [Frost, Darrel R. 2006. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 4 (17 August 2006). Electronic Database accessible at [http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php] . American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.] and includes common names from older books and journals. [R. J. Ranjit Daniels (2005) Amphibians of Peninsular India. Universities Press.]

Order Anura

Family Bufonidae

* Ornate Torrent Toad "Ansonia ornata" Günther, 1876
* Silent Valley Torrent Toad "Ansonia rubigina" Pillai and Pattabiraman, 1981
* "Bufo beddomii" Günther, 1876
* "Bufo brevirostris" Rao, 1937
* "Bufo burmanus" Andersson, 1939
* "Duttaphrynus cyphosus" = "Bufo cyphosus" Ye, 1977
* Himalayan Toad "Duttaphrynus himalayanus" (Günther, 1864) ="Bufo himalayanus" Günther, 1864
* "Bufo hololius" Günther, 1876
* "Bufo koynayensis" Soman, 1963
* Ladakh Toad "Pseudepidalea latastii" Boulenger, 1882 = "Bufo latastii"
* Common Indian Toad "Duttaphrynus melanostictus" (Schneider, 1799) ="Bufo melanostictus" Schneider, 1799
* "Duttaphrynus microtympanum" (Boulenger, 1882) = "Bufo microtympanum" Boulenger, 1882
* "Ingerophrynus macrotis" (Boulenger, 1887)
* "Bufo parietalis" Boulenger, 1882
* Ferguson's Toad "Bufo scaber" Schneider, 1799
* "Bufo silentvalleyensis" Pillai, 1981
* "Bufo stomaticus" Lütken, 1864
* Green Toad "Bufo viridis"
* "Bufo stuarti" Smith, 1929
* "Bufoides meghalayanus" (Yazdani and Chanda, 1971)
* "Pedostibes kempi" (Boulenger, 1919)
* "Pedostibes tuberculosus" Günther, 1876

Family Ceratobatrachidae

* "Ingerana charlesdarwini" (Das, 1998) ="Rana charlesdarwini"

Family Dicroglossidae

Dicroglossinae

* Common skittering frog "Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis" (Schneider, 1799)
* "Euphlyctis ghoshi" (Chanda, 1991)
* Indian Five-fingered Frog "Euphlyctis hexadactylus" (Lesson, 1834)
* "Fejervarya andamanensis" (Stoliczka, 1870) = "Limnonectes andamanensis" (Stoliczka, 1870)
* "Fejervarya assimilis" (Blyth, 1852)
* "Fejervarya brama" (Lesson, 1834)
* "Fejervarya brevipalmata" (Peters, 1871)
* "Fejervarya cancrivora" (Gravenhorst, 1829)
* "Fejervarya greenii" (Boulenger, 1905)
* "Fejervarya keralensis" (Dubois, 1981)
* Alpine cricket frog "Fejervarya limnocharis" (Gravenhorst, 1829)
* "Fejervarya murthii" (Pillai, 1979)
* "Fejervarya mysorensis" (Rao, 1922)
* "Fejervarya nicobariensis" (Stoliczka, 1870)
* "Fejervarya nepalensis" Iskandar, 1998
* "Fejervarya nilagirica" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Fejervarya orissaensis" (Dutta, 1997)
* "Fejervarya parambikulamana" (Rao, 1937)
* "Fejervarya rufescens" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Fejervarya sauriceps" (Rao, 1937)
* Southern cricket frog "Fejervarya syhadrensis" (Annandale, 1919)
* "Fejervarya teraiensis" (Dubois, 1984)
* Jerdon's Bullfrog "Hoplobatrachus crassus" (Jerdon, 1854)
* Indian Bullfrog "Hoplobatrachus tigerinus" (Daudin, 1802)
* "Limnonectes doriae" (Boulenger, 1887)
* "Limnonectes hascheanus" (Stoliczka, 1870)
* "Limnonectes khasianus" (Anderson, 1871)
* "Limnonectes kuhlii" (Tschudi, 1838)
* "Limnonectes laticeps" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Limnonectes limborgi" (Sclater, 1892)
* "Limnonectes mawlyndipi" (Chanda, 1990)
* "Limnonectes mawphlangensis" (Pillai and Chanda, 1977)
* "Limnonectes shompenorum" Das, 1996
* "Minervarya sahyadris" Dubois, Ohler, and Biju, 2001
* "Nanorana annandalii" = "Paa annandalii" (Boulenger, 1920)
* "Nanorana arnoldi" = "Paa arnoldi" (Dubois, 1975)
* "Nanorana barmoachensis" = "Paa barmoachensis"(Khan and Tasnim, 1989)
* "Nanorana blanfordii" = "Paa blanfordii" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Nanorana conaensis" = "Paa conaensis" (Fei and Huang In Huang and Fei, 1981)
* "Nanorana ercepeae" = "Paa ercepeae" (Dubois, 1974)
* Hazara torrent frog "Nanorana hazarensis" = "Paa hazarensis" (Dubois and Khan, 1979)
* "Nanorana liebigii" = "Paa liebigii" (Günther, 1860)
* "Nanorana minica" = "Paa minica" (Dubois, 1975)
* "Nanorana mokokchungensis" = "Paa mokokchungensis" (Das and Chanda, 2000)
* "Nanorana polunini" = "Paa polunini" (Smith, 1951)
* "Nanorana pleskei" Günther, 1896
* Karez frog "Nanorana sternosignata" = "Paa sternosignata" (Murray, 1885)
* Murree Hills frog "Nanorana vicina" = "Paa vicina" (Stoliczka, 1872)
* "Ombrana sikimensis" = "Chaparana sikimensis" (Jerdon, 1870)
* Burrowing frog "Sphaerotheca breviceps" (Schneider, 1799)
* "Sphaerotheca dobsoni" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Sphaerotheca leucorhynchus" (Rao, 1937)
* Marbled Sand Frog "Sphaerotheca rolandae" (Dubois, 1983)

Occidozyginae

* "Occidozyga borealis" (Annandale, 1912)
* "Occidozyga lima" (Gravenhorst, 1829)
* "Occidozyga sumatrana" (Peters, 1877)

Family Hylidae

* "Hyla annectans" (Jerdon, 1870)

Family Megophryidae

* Hasselt's Toad "Leptobrachium hasseltii" Tschudi, 1838
* "Leptobrachium smithi" Matsui, Nabhitabhata, and Panha, 1999
* "Scutiger boulengeri" (Bedriaga, 1898)
* "Scutiger gongshanensis" Yang and Su In Yang, Su, and Li, 1979
* Nyingchi Alpine Toad "Scutiger nyingchiensis" Fei, 1977
* Sikkim Alpine Toad "Scutiger sikimmensis" (Blyth, 1855)
* "Xenophrys boettgeri" (Boulenger, 1899)
* "Xenophrys kempii" (Annandale, 1912)
* "Xenophrys major" (Boulenger, 1908)
* "Xenophrys parva" (Boulenger, 1893)
* "Xenophrys robusta" (Boulenger, 1908)
* "Xenophrys wuliangshanensis"

Family Micrixalidae

* "Micrixalus elegans" (Rao, 1937)
* "Micrixalus fuscus" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Micrixalus gadgili" Pillai and Pattabiraman, 1990
* "Micrixalus kottigeharensis" (Rao, 1937)
* "Micrixalus narainensis" (Rao, 1937)
* "Micrixalus nudis" Pillai, 1978
* "Micrixalus phyllophilus" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Micrixalus saxicola" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Micrixalus silvaticus" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Micrixalus swamianus" (Rao, 1937)
* "Micrixalus thampii" Pillai, 1981

Family Microhylidae

* "Kalophrynus interlineatus" Blyth, 1855 = "Kalophrynus orangensis" Dutta, Ahmed, and Das, 2000
* "Micryletta inornata" (Boulenger, 1890)
* "Ramanella anamalaiensis" Rao, 1937
* "Ramanella minor" Rao, 1937
* "Ramanella montana" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Ramanella mormorata" Rao, 1937
* "Ramanella triangularis" (Günther, 1876)
* White-bellied pug-snout frog "Ramanella variegata" (Stoliczka, 1872)
* "Uperodon globulosus" (Günther, 1864)
* Marbled balloon frog "Uperodon systoma" (Schneider, 1799)
* "Melanobatrachus indicus" Beddome, 1878
* "Kaloula baleata" (Müller In Oort and Müller, 1833)
* Painted Frog "Kaloula pulchra" Gray, 1831
* "Kaloula assamensis Das, Sengupta, Ahmed, and Dutta, 2005
* Sri Lankan Bullfrog "Kaloula taprobanica" Parker, 1934
* "Microhyla berdmorei" (Blyth, 1856)
* "Microhyla chakrapanii" Pillai, 1977
* "Microhyla heymonsi" Vogt, 1911
* Ornate Narrow-Mouthed Toad "Microhyla ornata" (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)
* "Microhyla pulchra" (Hallowell, 1861)
* "Microhyla rubra" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Microhyla sholigari" Dutta and Ray, 2000

Family Nyctibatrachidae

* "Nyctibatrachus aliciae" Inger, Shaffer, Koshy, and Bakde, 1984
* "Nyctibatrachus beddomii" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Nyctibatrachus deccanensis" Dubois, 1984
* "Nyctibatrachus humayuni" Bhaduri and Kripalani, 1955
* "Nyctibatrachus hussaini" Krishnamurthy, Reddy, and Gururaja, 2001
* "Nyctibatrachus kempholeyensis" (Rao, 1937)
* "Nyctibatrachus major" Boulenger, 1882
* "Nyctibatrachus minor" Inger, Shaffer, Koshy, and Bakde, 1984
* "Nyctibatrachus petraeus" Das and Kunte, 2005
* "Nyctibatrachus sanctipalustris" Rao, 1920
* "Nyctibatrachus sylvaticus" Rao, 1937
* "Nyctibatrachus vasanthi" Ravichandran, 1997
* "Nyctibatrachus minimus" Biju et al., 2007. [Biju, S. D. et al. (2007) A new nightfrog "Nyctibatrachus minimus" sp. nov. (Anura: Nyctibatrachidae): The smallest frog from India. Current Science Vol. 93, No. 6: 854-858]
* "Nyctibatrachus sholai" Radhakrishnan, Dinesh & Ravichandran, 2007. [Radhakrishnan, C. , K.P. Dinesh & M. S. Ravichandran (2007) A new species of Nyctibatrachus Boulenger (Amphibia: Anura: Nyctibatrachidae) from the Eravikulam National Park, Kerala, India. Zootaxa 1595: 31–41 [http://mapress.com/zootaxa/2007f/z01595p041f.pdf PDF] ]

Family Petropedetidae

* "Indirana beddomii" (Günther, 1876)
* "Indirana brachytarsus" (Günther, 1876)
* "Indirana diplosticta" (Günther, 1876)
* "Indirana gundia" (Dubois, 1986)
* "Indirana leithii" (Boulenger, 1888)
* "Indirana leptodactyla" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Indirana longicrus" (Rao, 1937)
* "Indirana phrynoderma" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Indirana semipalmata" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Indirana tenuilingua" Rao, 1937

Family Ranidae

* "Amolops chakrataensis" Ray, 1992
* "Amolops formosus" (Günther, 1876)
* "Amolops gerbillus" (Annandale, 1912)
* "Amolops himalayanus" (Boulenger, 1888)
* "Amolops jaunsari" Ray, 1992
* "Amolops marmoratus" (Blyth, 1855)
* "Amolops monticola" (Anderson, 1871)
* "Amolops viridimaculatus" (Jiang, 1983)
* Bicolored Frog "Clinotarsus curtipes" (Jerdon, 1854) = "Rana curtipes" Jerdon, 1854
* "Huia chloronota" (Günther, 1876) = "Rana chloronota" (Günther, 1876)
* "Humerana humeralis" (Boulenger, 1887) = "Rana humeralis" Boulenger, 1887
* Fungoid Frog "Hydrophylax malabaricus" (Tschudi, 1838) = "Rana malabarica" Tschudi, 1838
* "Hydrophylax raniceps" (Peters, 1871)
* "Pterorana khare" Kiyasetuo and Khare, 1986
* "Hylarana tytleri" = "Rana tytleri" (Theobald, 1868)
* "Nasirana alticola" (Boulenger, 1882) = "Rana alticola" Boulenger, 1882
* Golden frog "Sylvirana aurantiaca" = "Rana aurantiaca" Boulenger, 1904
* "Sylvirana chitwanensis" = "Rana chitwanensis" Das, 1998
* "Sylvirana danieli" = "Rana danieli" Pillai and Chanda, 1977
* Boulenger's Garo Hill Frog "Sylvirana garoensis" (Boulenger, 1920 ) = "Rana garoensis" Boulenger, 1920
* "Sylvirana leptoglossa" = "Rana leptoglossa" (Cope, 1868)
* "Sylvirana nigrovittata" = "Rana nigrovittata" (Blyth, 1856)
* Bronzed Frog "Sylvirana temporalis" = "Rana temporalis" (Günther, 1864)

Family Rhacophoridae

* "Chiromantis cherrapunjiae" = "Chirixalus cherrapunjiae" (Roonwal and Kripalani, 1966)
* "Chiromantis doriae" = "Chirixalus doriae" Boulenger, 1893
* "Chiromantis dudhwaensis" = "Chirixalus dudhwaensis" Ray, 1992
* "Chiromantis shyamrupus" = "Chirixalus shyamrupus" (Chanda and Ghosh, 1989)
* "Chiromantis simus" = "Chirixalus simus" Annandale, 1915
* "Chiromantis vittatus" = "Chirixalus vittatus" (Boulenger, 1887)
* "Nyctixalus moloch" (Annandale, 1912)
* "Kurixalus verrucosus" = "Rhacophorus verrucosus" Boulenger, 1893
* "Aquixalus bisacculus" = "Rhacophorus bisacculus" Taylor, 1962
* "Aquixalus naso" = "Polypedates naso" (Annandale, 1912)
* "Philautus andersoni" (Ahl, 1927)
* "Philautus anili" Biju and Bossuyt, 2006
* "Philatus luteolus" Kuramoto and Joshy, 2003
* "Philatus tuberohumerus" Kuramoto and Joshy, 2003
* "Philautus annandalii" (Boulenger, 1906)
* "Philautus beddomii" (Günther, 1876)
* "Philautus bobingeri" Biju and Bossuyt, 2005
* "Philautus bombayensis" (Annandale, 1919)
* "Philautus chalazodes" (Günther, 1876)
* "Philautus charius" Rao, 1937
* "Philautus dubius" (Boulenger, 1882)
* Round-snout pygmy frog "Philautus femoralis" (Günther, 1864)
* "Philautus flaviventris" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Philautus garo" (Boulenger, 1919)
* "Philautus glandulosus" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Philautus graminirupes" Biju & Bossuyt, 2005
* "Philautus griet" Bossuyt, 2002
* "Philautus jerdonii" (Günther, 1876)
* "Philautus kempiae" (Boulenger, 1919)
* "Philautus luteolus"
* "Philautus microdiscus" (Annandale, 1912)
* "Philautus namdaphaensis" Sarkar and Sanyal, 1985
* Sharp-snout pygmy tree frog "Philautus nasutus"
* "Philautus neelanethrus" Gururaja "et al.', 2007 [Gururaja, KV and Aravind, NA and Ali, S and Ramachandra, TV and Velavan, TP and Krishnakumar, V and Aggarwal, RK (2007) A New Frog Species from the Central Western Ghats of India,and Its Phylogenetic Position. Zoological Science 24:pp. 525-534. [http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/archive/00012445/ Text] ]
* "Philautus nerostagona"
* "Philautus ochlandrae Gururaja "et al"., 2007. [Gururaja, KV and Dinesh, KP and Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C and Ramachandra, TV (2007) A new species of Philautus Gistel (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 1621:pp. 1-16. [http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/archive/00012401/ PDF] ]
* "Philautus ponmudi"
* "Philautus sanctisilvaticus" Das and Chanda, 1997
* "Philautus shillongensis" Pillai and Chanda, 1973
* "Philautus signatus" (Boulenger, 1882)
* "Philautus similipalensis" Dutta, 2003
* "Philautus terebrans" Das and Chanda, 1998
* "Philautus tinniens" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Philautus travancoricus" (Boulenger, 1891)
* "Philautus tuberohumerus"
* "Philautus wynaadensis" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Polypedates gongshanensis"
* "Polypedates insularis" Das, 1995
* "Polypedates leucomystax" (Gravenhorst, 1829)
* Chunam Frog "Polypedates maculatus" (Gray, 1833)
* "Polypedates megacephalus" Hallowell, 1861
* "Polypedates pseudocruciger" Das and Ravichandran, 1998
* "Polypedates taeniatus" (Boulenger, 1906)
* "Rhacophorus appendiculatus" (Günther, 1858)
* "Rhacophorus bipunctatus" Ahl, 1927
* "Rhacophorus calcadensis" Ahl, 1927
* "Rhacophorus lateralis" Boulenger, 1883
* Malabar Flying Frog "Rhacophorus malabaricus" Jerdon, 1870
* "Rhacophorus maximus" Günther, 1858
* "Rhacophorus namdaphaensis" Sarkar and Sanyal, 1985
* "Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus" Vasudevan and Dutta, 2000
* "Rhacophorus tuberculatus" (Anderson, 1871)
* "Rhacophorus variabilis" (Jerdon, 1854)
* "Rhacophorus htunwini" Wilkinson, Thin, Lwin, and Shein, 2005
* "Rhacophorus translineatus" Wu In Sichuan Institute of Biology Herpetology Department, 1977
* "Rhacophorus kio" Ohler and Delorme, 2006
* "Theloderma asperum" (Boulenger, 1886)

Family Sooglossidae

* Purple Frog ("Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis") Biju and Bossuyt, 2003

Order Gymnophiona

Family Caeciliidae

* "Gegeneophis carnosus" (Beddome, 1870)
* Amboli caecilian "Gegeneophis danieli" Giri, Wilkinson, and Gower, 2003
* "Gegeneophis nadkarnii" Gopalakrishna Bhatta and P. Prashanth, 2004 [Gopalakrishna Bhatta and P. Prashanth (2004) Gegeneophis nadkarnii – a caecilian (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary,Western Ghats Current Science, 87(3):10 [http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/aug102004/388.pdf PDF] ]
* "Gegeneophis madhavai" Gopalakrishna Bhatta and R. Srinivasa, 2004 [Gopalakrishna Bhatta & R. Srinivasa (2004) A new species of Gegeneophis Peters (Amphibia: Gymnophiona:Caeciliidae) from the surroundings of Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka, India. Zootaxa 644: 1–8 [http://home.att.net/%7Espiderhunters/attachments/madhavai.pdf PDF] ]
* "Gegeneophis fulleri" (Alcock, 1904)
* "Gegeneophis krishni" Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999
* Forest Caecilian "Gegeneophis ramaswamii" Taylor, 1964
* "Gegeneophis seshachari" Ravichandran, Gower, and Wilkinson, 2003
* "Indotyphlus battersbyi" Taylor, 1960
* Maharashtra caecilian "Indotyphlus maharashtraensis" Giri, Wilkinson, and Gower, 2003

Family Ichthyophiidae

* "Ichthyophis beddomei" Peters, 1880
* "Ichthyophis bombayensis" Taylor, 1960
* "Ichthyophis garoensis" Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999
* "Ichthyophis humphreyi" Taylor, 1973
* "Ichthyophis husaini" Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999
* "Ichthyophis longicephalus" Pillai, 1986
* "Ichthyophis malabarensis" Taylor, 1960
* "Ichthyophis peninsularis" Taylor, 1960
* "Ichthyophis sikkimensis" Taylor, 1960
* "Ichthyophis subterrestris" Taylor, 1960
* "Ichthyophis tricolor" Annandale, 1909
* "Uraeotyphlus interruptus" Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999
* "Uraeotyphlus malabaricus" (Beddome, 1870)
* "Uraeotyphlus menoni" Annandale, 1913
* "Uraeotyphlus narayani" Seshachar, 1939
* "Uraeotyphlus oxyurus" (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Order Urodela

Family Salamandridae

* Himalayan Newt "Tylototriton verrucosus" Anderson, 1871

References

External links

* [http://www.globalamphibians.org/ Global Amphibian Assessment]
* [http://amphibiaweb.org/index.html AmphibiaWeb]
* [http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/biodiversity/sdev/revisedlist/rev_index.htm Amphibians of the Western Ghats]


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