- Bristol, Connecticut
Bristol, Connecticut — City —
Nickname(s): Mum City, Bell City Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United States State Connecticut NECTA Hartford Region Central Connecticut Incorporated (town) 1785 Incorporated (city) 1911 Government – Type Mayor-council – Mayor Arthur J. Ward  Area – Total 26.8 sq mi (69.4 km2) – Land 26.5 sq mi (68.7 km2) – Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2) Elevation 305 ft (93 m) Population (2005) – Total 61,353 – Density 2,315.4/sq mi (894/km2) Time zone EST (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) ZIP code 06010 - 06011 Area code(s) 860 FIPS code 09-08420 GNIS feature ID 0205727 Website http://www.ci.bristol.ct.us
Bristol is a suburban city located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Hartford. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 61,353. Bristol is primarily known as the home of ESPN, whose central studios are in the city. Bristol is also home to Lake Coumpounce, America's oldest still functioning theme park. Bristol was also known as a clock-making city in the 19th century, and is home to the American Clock and Watch Museum. Bristol's nicknames include the Bell City, because of a history manufacturing innovative spring-driven doorbells, and the Mum City because it was once a leader in chrysanthemum production and still holds an annual Bristol Mum Festival. In 2010, Bristol was ranked 84th on Money Magazine's "Best Places to Live".
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Education
- 4 Public safety
- 5 Revitalization
- 6 Attractions
- 7 Sports
- 8 Media
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 Economy
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Gallery
- 13 References
- 14 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.8 square miles (69.5 km²). The city contains several distinct sections including Chippen Hill in the northwestern quarter of Bristol, Edgewood in the northeastern quarter, and Forestville, in the southeastern quarter. The majority of Bristol is residential, though since 2008 there has been a push for commercial development in the city. The Central Connecticut Regional Planning Agency is the metropolitan planning organization for Bristol, New Britain, and surrounding towns.
Forestville was Native American hunting grounds until the 19th century. There are many suburban neighborhoods and local businesses within the Forestville area. The official boundaries of Forestville are the Plainville town line, the Southington town line, Middle street, west of properties on the west side of King street, south of properties on the south side of Louisiana avenue, west of properties on the west side of Brook street north of Louisiana avenue and up to Farmington avenue. Within the Forestville area, there are two subsections known as East Bristol and the Stafford District. Those subsections are similar to Plantsville, Connecticut's Marion and Milldale.
Historical population of
1800 2,722 1810 1,428 1820 1,362 1830 1,707 1840 2,109 1850 2,884 1860 3,436 1870 3,788 1880 5,347 1890 7,382 1900 9,643 1910 13,502 1920 20,620 1930 28,451 1940 30,167 1950 35,961 1960 45,499 1970 55,487 1980 57,370 1990 60,640 2000 60,062 2002 60,541 (estimate)
As of the census of 2000, there are 60,062 people, 24,886 households, and 16,175 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,265.8 inhabitants per square mile (874.8/km²). There are 26,125 housing units at an average density of 985.6 per square mile (380.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 86.33% White, 2.68% African American, 5.27% Hispanic, 0.22% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.40% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races.
There are 24,886 households in Bristol of which 29.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% are married couples living together, 11.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% are non-families. 28.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.7% have a sole resident who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.38 and the average family size is 2.94.
Bristol possesses substantial age diversity with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $47,422, and the median income for a family is $58,259. Males have a median income of $40,483 versus $30,584 for females. The per capita income for the city is $23,362. 6.6% of the population and 4.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.7% of those under the age of 18 and 5.9% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005 Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage Democratic 12,480 381 12,861 38.64% Republican 5,531 206 5,737 17.24% Unaffiliated 13,954 729 14,683 44.11% Minor Parties 4 0 4 0.01% Total 31,969 1,316 33,285 100%
Education in Bristol, CT is conducted using ten elementary schools (grades kindergarten through five), three middle schools (grades six, seven and eight ), and two high schools. In addition to these public schools, there are also a number of private Catholic schools available. These add an additional four kindergarten through grade 8 schools and one additional high school.
A recent press release shows good scores on the Connecticut Academic Performance Test, a standardized Connecticut test which students take in tenth grade. The report states that more than 87% of Bristol students scored at or above the proficient level in each of the content areas assessed.
Schools in Bristol Elementary Schools Middle Schools K-Through-8 Schools High Schools Bingham School  Chippens Hill Middle School  St. Anthony's School  Bristol Central High School Edgewood School  Memorial Boulevard Middle School  St. Matthew's School  Bristol Eastern High School Greene-Hills School  Northeast Middle School  St. Joseph's School  St. Paul Catholic High School Hubbell School  Immanuel Lutheran School  Ivy Drive School  Jennings School  Mountain View School  O'Connell School  South Side School  Stafford School 
Recently, it has been proposed that the educational system of the city be redesigned. Because some of the schools are in historic buildings, new schools are being sought by the city. In addition, it has been proposed that the entire education system of the city be redesigned, eliminating the middle school category. In other words, all schools would be kindergarten through eighth grade or high school. The Bristol Board of Education's  appeals for support for this project have been met with mixed emotions.
Bristol's emergency medical services program has been provided by Bristol Hospital since 1977. It was designed to assume the responsibility previously carried by the Bristol Police Department. The Bristol Hospital's EMS are carried out using 6 emergency ambulances, 2 paramedic intercept vehicles and 4 wheelchair vans.
The Bristol, Connecticut Fire Department is a full service fire department with 5 engine companies (or stations) and one tower company. The Bristol Board of Fire Commissioners consists of five members appointed by the Mayor who establish the primary policies of the fire department.
The Bristol, Connecticut Police Department is a full service police department with approximately 125 sworn officers. In addition to a vehicular patrol division, downtown Bristol is also policed by a bicycle division and walking beat officers. During any shift, there may be as many as 20 officers on duty, not including detectives and officers from other divisions.
In recent years,[when?] Bristol has begun a renovation of the downtown area. This has included a complete overhaul of a park in the center of the city. In addition, an outdated and underused mall from the 1970s was recently demolished. Also, North Main Street, one of the busiest sections of downtown, was recently improved by adding islands in the road, elegant street lighting and a brick median when the road was repaved.
In the 1990s, the Blight Committee was formed to enforce appearance laws, and even demolish properties which it deems are unsightly and unkempt. This committee is tasked with ensuring that properties are not abandoned and that all properties are reasonably maintained.
In 2008, the Bristol Blight Committee was disbanded in order to make way for a new committee; the Bristol Code Enforcement Committee. This new committee has even greater powers and can now deal with both appearances and structural integrity issues of buildings in Bristol. The purpose of the committee is to streamline the process of enforcing the issues the former Blight Committee was tasked with. The law requires all structures to be free of "abandoned vehicles, nuisances, refuse, pollution and filth ... broken glass, loose shingles, holes, cracked or damaged siding, crumbling brick and other conditions 'reflective of deterioration or inadequate maintenance.'"
The Blight Committee and Code Enforcement Committee continue to be hotly debated topics within Bristol.
In addition to the "Mum Festival", Bristol holds an annual street festival with a car show and a family farms weekend at Minors Farm, Shepherd Meadows and Roberts Orchard, similar to that of Southington's apple festival, all of which are held around September.
Mum Festival and Parade
The first Bristol Mum Festival began on July 7, 1962 and included a parade. The members of the Chamber of Commerce and City of Bristol officials met and completed a list of activities to take place over six days. They wanted to focus on the positive things that were occurring in Bristol. When the festival opened it was originally known as the Fall Festival. In 1963 the Chrysanthemum (mum) was also added to the festival's name. Prior to 1986 the nurseries in Bristol would produce over 80,000 mum plants.
Bristol has many parks as well: Peck, Page, Rockwell, Bracket, Barnes Nature Center, Indian Rock, Forestville memorial and many more (22 in total). The city is also home to Lake Compounce, the oldest continuously operated amusement park in North America and to the New England Carousel Museum, the American Clock and Watch Museum, the Imagine Nation Children's Museum, Bristol Military Memorial Museum, Bristol Historical Society Museum and the Witch's Dungeon Classic Movie Museum. The Harry Barnes Memorial Nature Center comprises 70 acres (280,000 m2) of forest and fields, with nature trails and an interpretive center.
- Bristol hosts the Little League New England and Mid-Atlantic Regional playoffs every August at The A. Bartlett Giamatti Little League Center.
The name of the local daily newspaper is the Bristol Press, and town news is also featured in a small weekly called the Bristol Observer. It is also home to The Tattoo teen newspaper, one of the first on-line newspapers.
The companies below are some of the most notable in Bristol, CT. These, in addition to Bristol Hospital, are the largest private employers in the area.
Founded in 1857, and headquartered in Bristol, Connecticut, U.S.A., Barnes Group is a diversified international manufacturer of precision metal components and assemblies and a distributor of industrial supplies, serving a wide range of markets and customers. Barnes Group consists of three businesses with 2005 sales of $1.1 billion.
Otis Elevator company
Though its beginnings were in Yonkers, New York, Otis Elevator possesses the largest elevator test tower in the United States in Bristol. Located near ESPN and Lake Compounce, the 383-foot (117 m)-high tower is easily visible from the surrounding roads.
CIGNA Insurance has a long history, part of which has roots in Bristol. As early as 1865, CIGNA can trace the roots of its corporation to the Connecticut General Life Insurance Company. As the company grew, an office was eventually opened in Bristol. Presently, CIGNA, among other insurance companies, provides many jobs for residents of the area.
According to Bristol's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
# Employer # of Employees 1 ESPN 3,400 2 Bristol Hospital 1,750 3 City of Bristol & Board of Education 1,656 4 Stephen AutoMall Centre 200 5 IDEX Health & Science 200 6 Sheriden Woods Health Care Center 180 7 Quality Coils 170 8 Stop & Shop 150 9 Rowley Spring and Stamping 150 10 The Pines at Bristol 140
- Amos Bronson Alcott, the father of Louisa May Alcott, taught school in Bristol on two different occasions: in 1823 and, after teaching in Cheshire for a time, again in Bristol from 1827-1828. Alcott later moved to Concord, Massachusetts where he became acquainted with many prominent Transcendentalists and literary figures.
- Gary Burghoff, a native of Bristol (born 1943) is the actor who played the character Corporal Walter "Radar" O'Reilly in both the film and television series M*A*S*H.
- Bob Crane (1928–1978), the actor who played the title role in the television series Hogan's Heroes, worked for WBIS radio station in Bristol early in his career.
- Frank Filipetti, music producer, was born in Bristol.
- Aaron Hernandez, tight end for The New England Patriots is a Bristol native and attended Bristol Central High School.
- Gordon J. Humphrey (1940-), United States Senator from New Hampshire (1979–1991) was born in Bristol.
- Cliff Johnson, author of The Fool's Errand, was born in Bristol.
- Karen Josephson (1964-) and Sarah Josephson (1964-), twin sisters who won the silver medal in synchronized swimming at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea and the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain, were born in Bristol.
- Mike Reiss (1959-), longtime writer for "The Simpsons," is a Bristol native.
- Jim Rice and Fred Lynn debuted in their professional baseball careers playing for the Bristol Red Sox at Muzzy Field, a depression-era-built ballpark in Bristol.
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- ^ "Bristol Public Schools: Our Schools". City of Bristol, Public Schools. 2008. http://www.bristol.k12.ct.us/page.cfm?p=2. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
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- ^ "Bristol Public Schools: Bingham School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. http://www.bristol.k12.ct.us/page.cfm?p=233. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- ^ "Bristol Public Schools: Bristol Eastern HS". Bristol.k12.ct.us. http://www.bristol.k12.ct.us/page.cfm?p=235. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- ^ "Bristol Public Schools: South Side School". Bristol.k12.ct.us. 2011-09-07. http://www.bristol.k12.ct.us/page.cfm?p=963. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- ^ "Bristol Hospital EMS". Bristol Hospital EMS. http://www.bhems.com/. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
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- ^ "City of Bristol, CT - Downtown Revitalization". Arthur J. Ward, Mayor. 2008. http://www.ci.bristol.ct.us/content/5816/5990.aspx. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- ^ "BDDC". Bristol Downtown Development Corporation. 2008. http://www.ci.bristol.ct.us/content/8225/default.aspx. Retrieved mdy.
- ^ "Titus Roberts House Justice". Ken Karl. November 2007. http://www.titusrobertshousejustice.org/. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- ^ "Bristol Blog: Blight Committee Bites the Dust". Ken Karl. November 2007. http://bristolnews.blogspot.com/2008/04/blight-committee-bites-dust.html. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- ^ "City of Bristol, CT - Parks & Facilities". Ci.bristol.ct.us. http://www.ci.bristol.ct.us/content/3416/3474/default.aspx. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- ^ "Little League Baseball". Little League Baseball Incorporated. 2005. http://www.littleleague.org/series/2005divisions/llbb/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- ^ "Little League Baseball". Little League Baseball Incorporated. 2006. http://www.littleleague.org/series/2006divisions/llbb/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- ^ "Little League Baseball". Little League Baseball Incorporated. 2007. http://www.littleleague.org/series/2007divisions/llbb/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- ^ "BristolPress.com". Bristol Press. 2008. http://www.bristolpress.com/. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
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- ^ [dead link]
- ^ "Bristol, CT - North America's Tallest Elevator Test Tower". Roadsideamerica.com. http://www.roadsideamerica.com/tips/getAttraction.php?tip_AttractionNo==8718. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- ^ "CIGNA Company History". CIGNA Health Insurance. 2008. http://www.cigna.com/about_us/company_history.html. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
- ^ "City of Bristol CAFR" (PDF). http://www.ci.bristol.ct.us/filestorage/3478/3597/3599/City_of_Bristol,_CAFR_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- City of Bristol
- The Bristol Press
- The American Clock and Watch Museum
- The New England Carousel Museum
- Mum Festival website
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