Pope Gregory XI


Pope Gregory XI

:"See also Vicedomino de Vicedominis, a pope-elect who took the name Gregory XI".Infobox Pope
English name=Gregory XI


birth_name=Pierre Roger de Beaufort
term_start=December 30, 1370
term_end=March 27, 1378
predecessor=Urban V
successor=Urban VI
birth_date="ca." 1336
birthplace= Rosiers-d'Égletons, Limousin, France
dead=dead|death_date=death date|1378|3|28|mf=y
deathplace=Rome, Italy
other=Gregory

Pope Gregory XI (c. 1336 – March 27, 1378), born Pierre Roger de Beaufort, Pope from 1370 to 1378, born in Rosiers-d'Égletons, Limousin around 1336, succeeded Pope Urban V (1362–70) in 1370 as one of the Avignon Popes.

During his pontificate vigorous measures were taken against the heresies which had broken out in Germany, England, and other parts of Europe; a sincere effort was also made to bring about a reformation in the various monastic orders. The nineteen propositions of John Wycliffe (c. 1320–84) and the thirteen articles of the Sachenspiegel were formally condemned by Pope Gregory XI in 1377.

His return to Rome is attributed in part to the stirring words of Catherine of Siena, January 27, 1377. This had been attempted by Gregory's predecessor, Urban V, without success. The project was delayed by a conflict between the pope and Florence, known as "the War of the Eight Saints" for the "Eight for War," the Florentine magistrates responsible for the conduct of the war. The pope put Florence under interdict for a time.

Gregory XI did not long survive this removal, dying on March 27, 1378. After his death the College of Cardinals was pressured by a Roman mob, that successfully broke into the voting chamber, to vote an Italian Pope into the papacy. This Italian Pope was Urban VI. Soon after electing Urban he gained the Cardinals' enmity, so, with the encouragement of the French King the cardinals returned to Avignon and elected a French pope there, named Clement VII in 1378.

This mess created through the switching of popes by the Cardinals forced the people of Europe into a dilemma of papal allegiance. This Schism created was not fully resolved until the Council of Constance from 1414-1418, where the current popes were deposed and Martin V was voted in as Pope. This Schism and its difficulties brought about the reforming councils and gave them the power over who was elected, opposed to the College of Cardinals in the past.

References

*"From the 9th edition (1880) of an unnamed encyclopedia"
*"Hanawalt, G.Barbara. The Middle Ages:An Illustrated History, 1998, Oxford Univ. Press, p. 143"
*"Cairns, E.Earl. Christianity Throughout The Centuries: A History of the Christian Church, 1996, Zondervan, pp.241 & 248-250"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope Gregory IX —     Pope Gregory IX     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory IX     (UGOLINO, Count of Segni).     Born about 1145, at Anagni in the Campagna; died 22 August, 1241, at Rome. He received his education at the Universities of Paris and Bologna.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gregory — has been the name of sixteen Roman Catholic Popes and two Antipopes: #Pope Gregory I, also called Gregory the Great #Pope Gregory II #Pope Gregory III #Pope Gregory IV #Pope Gregory V #Pope Gregory VI #*Antipope Gregory VI #Pope Gregory VII,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Gregory XV —     Pope Gregory XV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory XV     (ALESSANDRO LUDOVISI).     Born at Bologna, 9 or 15 January, 1554; died at Rome, 8 July, 1623. After completing the humanities and philosophy under Jesuit teachers, partly at… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gregory XI —     Pope Gregory XI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory XI     (PIERRE ROGER DE BEAUFORT).     Born in 1331, at the castle of Maumont in the Dioceses of Limoges; died 27 March, 1378, at Rome. He was a nephew of Pope Clement VI, who heaped… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gregory IV —     Pope Gregory IV     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory IV     Elected near the end of 827; died January, 844. When Gregory was born is not known, but he was a Roman and the son of John. Before his election to the papacy he was the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gregory VI —     Pope Gregory VI     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory VI     (JOHN GRATIAN).     Date of birth unknown; elected 1 May 1045; abdicated at Sutri, 20 December, 1046; died probably at Cologne, in the beginning of 1048. In 1045 the youthful… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gregory V —     Pope Gregory V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory V     Born c. 970; died 4 February, 999. On the death of John XV the Romans sent a deputation to Otto III and asked him to name the one he would wish them to elect in the place of the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gregory X —     Pope Gregory X     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory X     Born 1210; died 10 January, 1276. The death of Pope Clement IV (29 November, 1268) left the Holy See vacant for almost three years. The Cardinals assembled at Viterbo were… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gregory I — Saint Gregory redirects here. For other uses, see Saint Gregory (disambiguation). Pope Gregory I Papacy began 3 September 590 Papacy ended 12 March 604 …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Gregory IX — Infobox Pope English name=Gregory IX birth name=Ugolino di Conti term start=March 19, 1227 term end=August 22, 1241 predecessor=Honorius III successor=Celestine IV birth date=between 1145 and 1170| birthplace= Anagni, Italy dead=dead|death… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Gregory VI — Infobox Pope English name=Gregory VI birth name=Johannes Gratianus term start=May 5, 1045 term end=December 20, 1046 predecessor=Benedict IX successor=Clement II birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=1048 deathplace=Germany|… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.