- Mythology and fiction in NetHack
The computer game "
NetHack" draws from many mythologies which are not explicitly fictional, as well as works of modern fiction and other computer games.
Marduk, the Creator
* The cave(wo)man pantheon:
Anu, Ishtarand Anshar
* The knight pantheon:
Lugh, Brigitand Manannan mac Lir
dragon—but see below
* The monk pantheon:
Shan Lai Ching, Chih Sung-tzuand Huan Ti
Cerberus(this monster does not appear in actual game currently)
* The healer pantheon:
Athena, Hermesand Poseidon
* The Staff of Aesculapius
* The statue of
* Sirius (ranger's pet dog name, referring to
Book of the Dead
* The wizard pantheon:
Ptah, Thothand Anhur
Some monsters are taken from myths and folklore whose precise origins are unknown, but which are essentially medieval European.
dragons were known to the Chinese, but dragons as monsters are a European myth
* giants are present in almost all cultures
* The samurai pantheon:
Amaterasu Omikami, Raijinand Susanowo
* The tsurugi of
Hell(now called Gehennom)
* Three of the
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Death, Famine, and Pestilence (in conversation with these three, and in the sourcecode, the role of War is implied to have been assumed by the player)
* The invocation ritual ("
Bell, book, and candle") is loosely connected to the Catholic excommunicationceremony [http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/61000.html] Mesoamerican
* couatl or "coatl" is the
nahuatlname for snakes
* The archeologist pantheon:
Quetzalcoatl, Camaxtliand Huhetotl (a variant spelling of Huehueteotl)
* xans are named after the mosquito from
Mjollnir, the artifact war hammer
valkyrieclass and pantheon: Tyr, Odinand Loki
* Lord Surtur
* The cryptozoological
"NetHack" draws on several fictional works, especially "
Dungeons & Dragons" and the writings of J. R. R. Tolkien, but also many other fantasy writers, some of which in turn were inspired by ancient myths.
"Dungeons & Dragons"
* green slime
Juiblex, the demon lord
* lurker above
Yeenoghu, the demon lord
* barrow wight
* cram ration
* lembas wafer
* Mordor orc
Orcrist, the artifact weapon
* Sting, the artifact weapon
* The ranger class
* Jabberwocks and Vorpal Blade, the artifact sword, are from
Lewis Carroll's poem " Jabberwocky"
* The Magic Mirror of Merlin is from
Edmund Spenser's poem " The Faerie Queene"
* References to 'Maud' when the player characters lose their memory are inspired by
Alfred Lord Tennyson's "Maud"
Grayswandir, the artifact silver saber, is from Roger Zelazny's " Chronicles of Amber"
Stormbringer, the artifact runesword, is from the " Elric" fantasy fictionstories by Michael Moorcock
* The barbarian class and pantheon (Mitra, Crom, Set), Pelias, the Heart of Ahriman, and
Thoth-Amonare related to Robert E. Howard's " Conan the Barbarian" novels
* The tourist class, pantheon (Blind Io, The Lady, Offler) and quest (with
Twoflower) are based on Terry Pratchett's " Discworld"
* The rogue class pantheon (Issek of the Jug, Mog, Kos) is from
Fritz Leiber's " Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser" stories. [http://pages.tca.net/fewlass/Gods2.html]
crysknifeis from Frank Herbert's "Dune" novel, and the "Long Worms" are based on "Dune"'s sandworms, called Shai-Hulud
towel, the graffiti message "We apologize for the inconvenience", the dog-eared spellbook and several hallucination monsters are from Douglas Adams' " Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy"
* The Eyes of the Overworld and sandestins are from
Jack Vance's " Dying Earth" books
* The graffiti messages "A.S. ->" and "<- A.S." are references to "
Journey to the Center of the Earth"
* A player who has become
invisiblecan wear a " mummywrapping" in order to become visible again, a reference to the opening scene of H. G. Wells's " The Invisible Man"
* A hatching dragon makes a cry of "Gleep!"—a reference to the dragon Gleep from "
Film and television
* The archeologist class (starting with fedora, leather jacket and bullwhip) is based on
Indiana Jonesmovie character
gremlins appear with their unique characteristics as portrayed in the 1984 movie " Gremlins"
* grid bugs are from the 1982 movie "Tron"
* The save and exit message "Be seeing you..." is from "
Keystone Kopsfrom early silent films appear as the game's police force
Wizard of Yendorfirst appeared in "NetHack's" predecessor, "Hack"
wumpusis from the computer game " Hunt the Wumpus"
* The brass lantern, the fortune cookie message "The magic word is
XYZZY" and the graffiti message "You won't get it up the steps" are references to "Adventure"
* The '
Sokoban' levels are a tribute to the Japanese computer game of the same name
* "NetHack"'s currency, the zorkmid, is from the computer game "
* Snickersnee, the artifact
katana, is from the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta" The Mikado"
* The graffiti message "notary sojak" is a reference to "
* Eating tinned
spinachproduces the message "This makes you feel like Popeye!"
* The Quantum Mechanic monster may drop a box containing
Some characters and monsters are based on historical reality:
* Lord Carnarvon
Oracle of Delphi
Vlad the Impaler
* [http://www.spod-central.org/~psmith/nh/bibliography.html A Bibliography of NetHack's Database]
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