- Pope Urban III
English name=Urban III
November 25 1185
October 20, 1187
papal name=Pope Urban III
Pope Urban III (died
October 20, 1187), born Uberto Crivelli, was Popefrom 1185 to 1187. He was made cardinal and archbishop of Milanby Pope Lucius III(1181–85), whom he succeeded on ( November 25, 1185). He vigorously took up his predecessor's quarrels with the Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa(1152–90), including the standing dispute about the succession of territories of the countess Matilda of Tuscany. Even after his elevation to the Papacyhe continued to hold the archbishopric of Milan, and in this capacity refused to crown as King of Italy Frederick I's son Prince Henry, who had married Constantia, the heiress of the kingdom of Sicily. While Henry in the south cooperated with the rebel senate of Rome, Frederick I in the north blocked the passes of the Alpsand cut off all communication between the Pope, then living in Verona, and his German adherents. Urban III now resolved on excommunicating Frederick I, but the Veronese protested against such a proceeding being resorted to within their walls; he accordingly withdrew to Ferrara, but died before he could give effect to his intentions. His successor was Gregory VIII (1187).
According to legend, he died of grief upon hearing news of the
Crusader defeat in July of 1187 at the Battle of Hattin.
"from the 9th edition (1880) of an unnamed encyclopedia"
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