Barro Colorado Island


Barro Colorado Island

Barro Colorado Island (BCI) is located in the man-made Gatun Lake in the middle of the Panama Canal. The island was formed when the waters of the Chagres River were dammed to form Gatun Lake. When the waters rose, they covered a significant part of the existing rainforest, and the hilltops remained as islands in the middle of the lake. It has an area of 15 square kilometres.

The island was set aside on April 17, 1923 as a nature reserve by the U.S. Government. Initially administered by the Panama Canal Company under the able direction of James Zetek, since 1946 Barro Colorado Island has been administered by the Smithsonian together with five adjacent peninsulas, as the Barro Colorado Nature Monument (BCNM). The BCNM has an area of 54 square kilometres, perhaps the largest and most studied natural reserve devoted to scientific research in the New World Tropics. The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute has a permanent research center on the island, dedicated to studying rainforest ecosystems. Because the Island's diverse ecosystem has been very little altered by humans, Barro Colorado has been studied for over eighty years within a great variety of biological disciplines. Only the larger fauna disappeared from Barro Colorado after the lake was flooded in 1914. Many scientific studies have been conducted to document the changes in the species composition of the island ("see also" Island biogeography). Barro Colorado Island is perhaps the most important biological research station in the New World Tropics.

Every year, an estimated 200 scientists conduct research projects on Barro Colorado Island. "The Tapir's Morning Bath" by Elizabeth Royte chronicles the lives and work of scientists working on the island.

References

http://striweb.si.edu/luna_llena/PDFs/lunallenabril2008eng.pdf.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barro Colorado Island — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehltVorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Höhe fehlt Barro Colorado Island Gewässer Gatúnsee Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Île Barro Colorado — Isla Barro Colorado (es) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barro — oder Barrô ist der Name einer Gemeinde im portugiesischen Kreis Águeda, siehe Barrô (Águeda) der Name einer Gemeinde im portugiesischen Kreis Redondo, siehe Barrô (Redondo) der Name einer Gemeinde in der spanischen Provinz Asturien, siehe Barro… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Island biogeography — is a field within biogeography that attempts to establish and explain the factors that affect the species richness of natural communities. In this context [island] s] can be any area of habitat surrounded by areas unsuitable for the species on… …   Wikipedia

  • Artificial island — An artificial island or man made island is an island or archipelago that has been constructed by people rather than formed by natural means. They are created by expanding existing islets, construction on existing reefs, or amalgamating several… …   Wikipedia

  • Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute — The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama, the only bureau of the Smithsonian Institution based outside of the United States, is dedicated to understanding biological diversity. What began in 1923 as small field station on… …   Wikipedia

  • Jamaican fruit bat — Conservation status Least C …   Wikipedia

  • Geoffroy's Spider Monkey — Taxobox name = Geoffroy s Spider MonkeyMSW3 Groves|pages=150–151|id=12100399] image caption = A. g. ornatus in southern Costa Rica status = EN status system = iucn3.1 status ref = IUCN2008|assessors=Cuarón, A.D., Morales, A., Shedden, A.,… …   Wikipedia

  • Tropischen Regenwald — Als tropischen Regenwald bezeichnet man eine der Vegetationsformen, die nur in den immerfeuchten tropischen Klimazonen anzutreffen ist. Tropische Regenwälder existieren in Süd und Mittelamerika, Afrika und Südasien sowie Australien beidseits des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tropischer Tieflandregenwald — Als tropischen Regenwald bezeichnet man eine der Vegetationsformen, die nur in den immerfeuchten tropischen Klimazonen anzutreffen ist. Tropische Regenwälder existieren in Süd und Mittelamerika, Afrika und Südasien sowie Australien beidseits des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.