- Zhen Luo
name = Zhen Luo
title = Empress of Cao Wei
date of birth = 183
date of death = 221 (aged 38)
Yuan Xi Cao Pi
Zhen Luo (Chinese:甄洛, other name:甄宓) (183-221), formally Empress Wenzhao (文昭皇后, literally, "the civil and diligent empress") was the first wife of
Cao Wei's first emperor, Cao Pi-- although she was never empresswhile she was alive. She was posthumously honored as an empress because her son Cao Ruilater became emperor.
Early life and marriage to Yuan Xi
Zhen Luo was from Zhongshan Commandery (roughly modern
Baoding, Hebei). It is not known when she was born. Her father Zhen Yi (甄逸) was a commandery governor, but died when she was only two years old. Despite her father's early death, her family remained wealthy, and during the wars at the end of Han Dynastyher family became locally important in famine relief for the poor. Zhen Luo was personally involved in famine relief and gained the praise of many people.
When Zhen Luo became older (although it is not known what year),
Yuan Shao, the warlord in control of Ji Province (冀州, roughly modern Hebei) became aware of her reputation and beauty, and successfully married her to his son Yuan Xi. When Yuan Shao later sent Yuan Xi to be the governor of You Province (幽州, roughly modern Beijing, Tianjin, and western Liaoning), however, she did not accompany him but remained at the Yuan clan's headquarters at Yecheng to serve her mother-in-law. Yuan Xi and Zhen Luo do not appear to have had any children.
Marriage to Cao Pi
Yuan Shao was defeated by
Cao Caoat the Battle of Guanduin 200, and died in 202. After his death, his sons Yuan Tanand Yuan Shangbecame involved in internecine struggles over their father's vast domain. Cao Cao played the two brothers off against each other and eventually conquered all of the Yuans' territory. During the campaign against the Yuans, Cao Cao captured Yecheng in 204, and his son Cao Pi, upon seeing Lady Zhen, became obsessed with her beauty. Even though her husband Yuan Xi was still alive at this point (and would remain so until 207), Cao Pi forced her into marriage. Eight months later, she gave birth to Cao Rui -- leading to incessant gossip that Cao Rui was actually biologically Yuan Xi's son, not Cao Pi's, although that appeared to be rather unlikely given that Yuan Xi had been away from Yecheng for quite some time before the marriage.
Nevertheless, the rumors became a source of tension between Cao Pi and Lady Zhen. Cao Pi's other favorite, Guo Nüwang, took full advantage of the rumors to increase the tension. Eventually, Lady Zhen lost favor with Cao Pi. When he forced
Emperor Xian of Hanto abdicate and established Cao Wei in 220, he set up his capital at Luoyangbut did not summon Lady Zhen from Yecheng to join him. Lady Zhen's upset at this was reported by Lady Guo, further angering Cao Pi. In 221, he sent messengers to force her to commit suicide. Lady Guo became empress the next year.
After Lady Zhen's son Cao Rui became emperor in 226, he honored her posthumously as an empress, although he also honored Empress Guo as empress dowager. In 235, Empress Guo died under controversial circumstances -- with many historians believing that Cao Rui had found out her role in Lady Zhen's death and forced her to commit suicide.
Many popular stories speculated that the reason for Lady Zhen's death was that she carried on an affair with Cao Pi's brother
Cao Zhi-- a speculation not supported by evidence. Some more fantastical accounts alleged that she had an affair with his father Cao Cao as well. These accounts generally allege that a poem generally attributed to Cao Zhi, dedicated to the goddess of Luo River, was actually dedicated to Zhen Luo.
Zhen Luo has been a playable character in the
Koeivideo game series " Dynasty Warriors" since the third title. In these games, she is referred to alternatively as "Zhen Ji," ("Ji" literally means "lady") and is described as a "serene beauty with a noble heart." She also appears in " Warriors Orochi".
In the 2002
TVBproduced serial, Where the Legend Begins洛神, Lady Zhen is portrayed as the protagonist and shown to be a woman of high intelligence and compassion and inner and outer beauties. Hong Kong actor Ada Choiacted out the role of Zhen Fu in the series.
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Zhen Luo — (chinesisch 甄宓 / 甄洛 Zhēn Luò, * 183; † 221), formell Kaiserin Wenzhao (chinesisch 文昭皇后 ‚gesittete und fleißige Kaiserin‘), war die erste Gemahlin des Wei Kaisers Cao Pi. Ihr Sohn Cao Rui ernannte sie später, nachdem er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Zhen — bezeichnet: einen der frühjapanischen Fünf Könige von Wa Zhen (chinesisch 甄 Zhēn, W. G. Chen) ist ein chinesischer Familienname: Zhen Luo († 221), Gemahlin des Wei Kaisers Cao Pi Kaiserin Zhen († 251), Gemahlin des Wei Kaisers Cao Fang … Deutsch Wikipedia
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