Salii


Salii

The Salii were the "leaping priests" of Mars in Ancient Rome: twelve aristocratic young men, dressed in ancient outfits worn by ancient warriors, outlandish even to people in the day of Cicero. These outfits consisted of an embroidered tunic, a breastplate, a short red cloak, a sword, and a spiked headdress called an apex. They were charged with the 12 bronze ancilia shields. These shields resembled a figure-of-eight, like Mycenaean shields. One of the shields was said to have fallen from heaven in the reign of King Numa Pompilius, and eleven copies were made.

They played a pivotal role in the Festival of the Salii, during which they sang the Carmen Saliare. Their duty, and the song's function, was to keep Rome safe in battle. During the principate, Augustus' name was inserted into the song. Ovid already thought their rituals were outdated and not understandable. Since Caesar and Augustus, the emperor was sacred, and the Salii celebrated victories in war by celebrating the capabilities of the Holy Emperor (a title given by the Senate).

Brewer's "Dictionary of Phrase and Fable" explains:

Ovid relates the story of Numa and the heavenly ancile in his "Fasti" (3.259-392).

Tullus Hostilius established another collegium of Salii in fulfilment of a vow which he made in a war with the Sabines. These Salii were also twelve in number, chosen from the patricians, and appeared to have been dedicated to the service of Quirinus. They were called the Salii Collini, Agonales, or Agonenses. [William Smith's [http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/SMIGRA*/Salii.html "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities"] , "Salii". John Murray, London, 1875.]

Nomenclature

* Numa's Salii Palatini were dedicated to Mars surnamed "Gradivus" (meaning "he who walks into battle"), and were quartered on the Palatine Hill.
* Tullus' Salii Collini were dedicated to Quirinus, and were quartered on the Quirinal Hill. [ [http://www.religioromana.net/dii_consentes/mars.htm "God Mars"] , contributed by "Antonia Traiana Severa", "religiioromana.net"] Rosinus called themfact|date=February 2008 "Agonenses Salii".

Continuation of the Palatine Hill

In the later days of the Roman Empire, the Paladines (Palatine inhabitants, ie. palace attendants) included the mystical behavior of the previous temple at the same place, Palatine Hill, in order to gain more authority in the face of the community. See Paladin on the late Roman and mediaeval development.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salii — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Lazarus Salii (1935–1988), palauischer Politiker Siehe auch: Salier (eventuell von althochdeutsch sal: „Herrschaft“ oder Latein salii: „Salzmeerbewohner“, viel wahrscheinlicher aber direkt vom Namen der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • salii — SÁLII s.m. pl. Salieni. (din lat. salii) Trimis de tavi, 13.09.2007. Sursa: MDN  SÁLII s.m.pl. (Ant.) Colegiu de 12 preoţi ai lui Marte, păstrători ai scuturilor sfinte şi conducători ai dansurilor războinice la sărbătoarea zeului. [sg. saliu,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Salii — (Salische Priester, Salische Brüder), zwei Priestercollegien in Rom; das eine, S. Palatīni, wurde von Numa Pompilius errichtet u. ihre Mitgliederzahl auf 12 festgesetzt, sie hatten den Dienst des Mars Gradivus, des Jahresgottes, in dem Heiligthum …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Salĭi — Salĭi, s. Salier …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • SALII — I. SALII German. populi qui et Franci dicuntur, quorum regio Franconia: Sidonius Apollin. Salius pede, falce Gelonus. Amm. Marcellin. l. 17. de Constantio scribens: Quibus paratis, petit primos omnium Francos, eos videlicet, quos consuetudo… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Salii — /sal ee uy /, n. (used with a pl. v.) (in ancient Rome) a college of priests of Mars and Quirinus who guarded the ancilia and led the festivities in their honor. Cf. ancile. * * * ▪ Roman religion       (Latin: “Dancers”), in ancient Italy, a… …   Universalium

  • Salii — /sal ee uy /, n. (used with a pl. v.) (in ancient Rome) a college of priests of Mars and Quirinus who guarded the ancilia and led the festivities in their honor. Cf. ancile …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lazarus Salii — (* 17. November 1935; † 20. August 1988 in Koror) war ein palauischer Politiker. Am 25. Oktober 1985 beerbte Salii Alfonso Oiterong im Amt des Staatspräsidenten des damals noch nicht unabhängigen Staates Palau. Noch vor Ende seiner Amtszeit – er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Festival of the Salii — In the Roman calendar, March was sacred to Mars. The jumping priests, or Salii began the Festival of the Salii on March 21 with a purification of the sacred trumpets that the Romans carried off to war. That date was originally the new year… …   Wikipedia

  • Lazarus Salii — Mandats 3e Président des Palaos 25 octo …   Wikipédia en Français


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