Pope Innocent XIII


Pope Innocent XIII
Innocent XIII
Papacy began 8 May 1721
Papacy ended 7 March 1724
(&100000000000000020000002 years, &10000000000000304000000304 days)
Predecessor Clement XI
Successor Benedict XIII
Orders
Consecration 16 June, 1695
by Galeazzo Marescotti
Created Cardinal 7 June, 1706
Personal details
Birth name Michelangelo dei Conti
Born 13 May 1655(1655-05-13)
Poli, Papal State
Died 7 March 1724(1724-03-07) (aged 68)
Rome, Papal State
Other Popes named Innocent

Pope Innocent XIII (13 May 1655 – 7 March 1724) was pope from 1721 until his death.

He was born Michelangelo Conti in Poli, near Rome. Like Pope Innocent III (1198–1216), Pope Gregory IX (1227–1241) and Pope Alexander IV (1254-1261), he was a member of the family of the Conti, counts and dukes of Segni. He included the family crest in his Pontifical coats of arms.

He became Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quirico e Giulitta under Pope Clement XI (1700–21) in 1706. From 1697 to 1710 he acted as papal nuncio to the Kingdom of Portugal, where he is believed to have formed those unfavourable impressions of the Jesuits which afterwards influenced his conduct towards them. In 1721 his high reputation for ability, learning, purity, and a kindly disposition secured his election to succeed Clement XI as Pope Innocent XIII. His pontificate was prosperous, but comparatively uneventful. Innocent XIII prohibited the Jesuits from prosecuting their mission in China, and ordered that no new members should be received into the order. This indication of his sympathies encouraged some French bishops to approach him with a petition for the recall of the bull Unigenitus by which Jansenism had been condemned; the request, however, was peremptorily denied.

Innocent XIII, like his predecessor, showed much favour to James Francis Edward Stuart, the "Old Pretender" to the British throne and liberally supported him. The Pope's cousin, Francesco Maria Conti, from Siena, became chamberlain of James' little court in the Roman Muti Palace.

Papal styles of
Pope Innocent XIII
C o a Innocenzo XIII.svg
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style none
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Clement XI
Pope
1721–24
Succeeded by
Benedict XIII