- Lake Toplitz
lake_name = Lake Toplitz
image_lake = Toplitzsee.jpg
coords = coord|47|38|30|N|13|55|40|E|type:waterbody_region:AT|display=inline,title
basin_countries = Austria
length = 2 km
width = 400 m
max-depth = 103 m
elevation = 718 m
Lake Toplitz (German: "Toplitzsee") is a
lakesituated in a dense mountain forest high up in the Austrian Alps, 98 km (60 miles) from Salzburgin western Austria. It is surrounded by cliffs and forests in the picturesque Salzkammergutlake district within the Totes Gebirge, or dead mountains. After a depth of 20m, the Toplitzsee water contains no oxygen. Fish can survive only in the top 18m, as the water below 20m is salty. Bacteria and worms have been found that can live without oxygen.
It is believed that the lake holds evidence of the past misdeeds of
Germanyin World War II. Supposedly, the Nazis stashed in the lake vast quantities of gold and other priceless plunder, including the lost panels from Russia’s Amber Room, as well as documents detailing the whereabouts of other Third Reichcaches. Using copper diaphragms, scientists experimented with different explosives, detonating up to 4,000 kg charges at various depths. They also fired torpedoesfrom a launching pad in the lake into the Tote Mountains, producing vast holes in the canyon walls. Millions of counterfeit pound sterling notes (100+ million) were dumped in the lake as a cover-up act after a strategy called Operation Bernhardwas never fully put into action. These rumors have lured treasure hunters into the lake's depths, some to their death.
During the war, in 1943-44, the shore of Lake Toplitz served as home to a Nazi naval testing station. The area is accessible only on foot by a mile-long path, as the K-Mautner-Weg is a private road that serves the Fisherman's Hut restaurant at the west end, owned by the Syen Family. It is illegal to dive into the lake. Previously people had ventured to Lake Toplitz in the hope of finding treasures, but many have died in the dark lake that holds so many mysteries.
* [http://www.toplitzsee.at Austrian Tourism Site, with English Section]
* [http://hitlernews.cloudworth.com/lake-toplitz-nazi-gold-lake.php Lake Toplitz News -- Hitler's Third Reich and World War II]
* [http://www.toplitzsee.at/e_schatz.htm Treasure in the Toplitzsee]
* [http://www.toplitzsee.at/e_fischerh.htm Fisherman´s Hut restaurant]
* [http://www.toplitzsee.at/e_geschichte.htm History]
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