Vietnam Television


Vietnam Television
Vietnam Television
Type Analog television network
Branding VTV
Country Vietnam
Availability Worldwide via satellite
Founded by Voice of Vietnam
Launch date September 7, 1970
Official website http://www.vtv.vn or http://www.vtv.gov.vn

Vietnam Television, or VTV, is the national television broadcaster for Vietnam. Like all media of Vietnam, its programming is directly controlled by the government.

Contents

History

The first television broadcasts in Vietnam were in the 1960s when the United States set up two channels (one Vietnamese language and one in English in Saigon).

VTV was established with technical assistance and training from Cuba on September 7, 1970, in Hanoi.[1][2] During the Vietnam War it broadcast intermittently from a mountainous region.

After Reunification in 1975, the former US-run stations in the south became part of the national network and broadcasting was extended to the entire country.

Color television was introduced in 1978. Vietnam Television became an official name on April 30, 1987. And by 1990, VTV viewers had two national TV channels to choose from.[1][2]

VTV's regional broadcasting centers are located in Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Da Nang, Phu Yen, Nha Trang, Cần Thơ, Vinh and Tam Dao. Programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal television stations. There are transmitters in most outlying areas of the country. By 2003, more than 80% of all urban households owned a television set. The percentage was considerably less in rural areas, but even the most remote village cafe has a TV and video or DVD player.[citation needed]

In addition, each major city and most of the 64 provinces have their own television stations.[citation needed]

Channels

VTV today has the following channels:[3][4][5][6]

Terrestrial channels (3)

  • VTV1 (channel 9): News and current affairs broadcast from 05:00 to 23:45[7]. VTV1 initially broadcast on January 1, 1990.
  • VTV2 (channel 11): Science, technology and education broadcast from 05:00 to 00:05. VTV2 initially broadcast on January 1, 1990.
  • VTV3 (channel 22): sports and entertainment. VTV3 was started in April 1995.
  • VTV6: Youth channel. VTV6 was started on April 29, 2007

International channels (1)

  • VTV4: An international channel launched in 2000, offering a best-of package of programming from the three domestic channels to Vietnamese worldwide.

Cable/satellite channels (5)

  • VTV5: Introduced on February 10, 2002 to serve the ethnic minority communities in Vietnam.
  • VTV7: Youth and education, in preparation.
  • VTV8: English channel, in preparation.
  • VTV9: South favor, started on 1 October 2007

Regional channels (5)

  • VTV Huế
  • VTV Đà Nẵng
  • VTV Phú Yên
  • VTV Cần Thơ 1
  • VTV Cần Thơ 2

Since 2003, all above channels have also been made available via satellite. In addition, VTV has also offered 9 channels (from VCTV1 to VCTV9) in the system of cable television VCTV, including many translated programs from Reuters, ESPN, Discovery Channel, BBC plus about 40 original channels but users have to pay for these programs.

Programming

VTV has its own film production company, the Vietnam Television Film Center, or VFC, which makes made-for-television movies and miniseries. However, only about 30% of the entertainment programming shown on VTV is made locally. The rest is imported and dubbed in Vietnamese. Shows include Korean and Chinese serial melodramas, which are the mainstay of nightly programming on VTV3.

Aside from news and current affairs programming, VTV1 devotes itself to orchestral concerts, ballets, traditional theater and ethnic minority culture shows.

VTV4 has been criticized by Vietnamese emigrees who find the channel's one-sided support of the one-party Communist state distressing and offensive.[8][9]

See also

References

External links


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