- Burgundian (party)
The Burgundian party was a political allegiance in
Francethat formed during the reign of Charles VI during the latter half of the Hundred Years' War. During that era the term "Burgundian" also applied to loyal subjects of the dukes of Burgundy.
The Dukes of Burgundy had inherited a large number of lands scattered from what is now the border of Switzerland up to the North Sea. The Duchy of Burgundy had been granted as an
appanageto Philip the Bold in the 14th century, and this was followed by other territories inherited by Philip and his heirs during the late 14th and 15th centuries, including the County of Franche-Comté (aka the County of Burgundy), Flanders, Artois, and many other domains in what are now Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlandsand northeastern France. Prosperous textile manufacture in the Low Countriesmade this among the wealthiest realms in Europe.
Partisan use of the term "Burgundian" arose from a feud between
John II, Duke of Burgundyand Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans. The latter was the brother of King Charles VI, the former was his cousin. When madness interrupted the king's ability to rule they vied for power in a bitter dispute. Popular rumor attributed an adulterous affair to the Duke of Orléans and French queen Isabeau of Bavaria. Supporters of the two dukes became known as "Burgundians" and "Orleanists," respectively.
Other than in Burgundy's own lands, the Duke's supporters were particularly powerful in
Paris, where the butchers' guild, notably, closely supported him.
The partisan terms outlasted the lives of these two men. John, Duke of Burgundy ordered the assassination of Louis, Duke of Orléans in
1407. Burgundian partisans at the University of Parispublished a treatise justifying this as tyrannicidein the belief that the Duke of Orléans had been plotting to kill the king and usurp the throne. Leadership of his party passed nominally to his son, Charles, but in fact to the young duke's father-in-law, Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac. After Orleans's capture by the English at Agincourt in 1415and Armagnac's murder by a Burgundian mob in Paris in 1417, leadership of the party devolved upon the young Dauphin, who retreated to Bourges.
1417, then, Burgundy controlled both Paris and the person of the king. However, the whole dispute was proving deleterious to the war effort against the English, as both sides focused more on fighting one another than on preventing the English from conquering Normandy. In 1419, the Duke and the Dauphin negotiated a truce to allow both sides to focus on fighting the English. However, in a further parley, the Duke was murdered by the Dauphin's supporters as revenge for the murder of Orleans twelve years before.
Burgundian party leadership passed to
Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. Duke Philip entered an alliance with England. Due to his influence and that of the queen, Isabeau, who had by now joined the Burgundian party, the mad king was induced to sign the Treaty of Troyeswith France(or should this be England) in 1420, by which Charles VI recognized Henry V of Englandas his heir, disinheriting his own son the Dauphin.
When Henry V and Charles VI both died within months of each other, leaving Henry's son
Henry VI of Englandas heir to both England and France, Philip the Good and the Burgundians continued to support the English. Nevertheless, dissension grew between Philip and the English regent, John, Duke of Bedford. Although family ties between Burgundy and Bedford (who had married the Duke's sister) prevented an outright rupture during Bedford's lifetime. Burgundy gradually withdrew support for the English and began to seek an understanding with the Dauphin, by now Charles VII of France. The two sides finally reconciled at the Treaty of Arras in 1435, a treaty which allowed the French king to finally return to his capital.
Joan of Arc
History of France
Arthur de Richemont
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Burgundian — can refer to any of the following:*Burgundians, an East Germanic tribe, who first appear in history in South East Europe. Later Burgundians colonised the area of Gaul that is now know as Burgundy (French Bourgogne). *The Old Burgundian language,… … Wikipedia
Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War — Armagnac Burgundian Civil War Part of the Hundred Years War Date 1407 1435 Location France Result Armagnacs r … Wikipedia
Armagnac (party) — This article is about the historical party during the Hundred Years War. For other uses, see Armagnac. The Armagnac party was prominent in French politics and warfare during the Hundred Years War. They were allied with the supporters of Charles,… … Wikipedia
Armagnac-Burgundian Civil War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict =Armagnac Burgundian Civil War partof =the Hundred Years War caption = date =1407 1435 place =France casus = territory = result =Armagnacs recognise Burgundian independence (Treaty of Arras); Anglo Burgundian… … Wikipedia
Zoudenbalch — The Zoudenbalch family (also known as Soudenbalch) was one of the most prominent families of Utrecht throughout the Middle Ages to the age of the Dutch Revolt. They occupied all posts of importance in the city government, possessed various… … Wikipedia
France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… … Universalium
René of Anjou — René Duke of Anjou; King of Naples René d Anjou, King of Naples. Spouse Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine Jeanne de Laval Issue … Wikipedia
Odette de Champdivers — Odette and Charles VI by François Guizot, circa 1875. Born about 1390 (1390) Died c … Wikipedia
St. Joan of Arc — St. Joan of Arc † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Joan of Arc In French Jeanne d Arc; by her contemporaries commonly known as la Pucelle (the Maid). Born at Domremy in Champagne, probably on 6 January, 1412; died at Rouen, 30 May,… … Catholic encyclopedia
List of Justice Ministers of France — This page is a list of French justice ministers.Under the ancien régime , the French minister responsible for the judiciary was the Chancellor of France. The Chancellor was responsible for seeing that royal decrees were registered by the various… … Wikipedia