- Arfon (UK Parliament constituency)
Arfon County constituency for the House of Commons
Boundary of Arfon in Wales for the 2010 general election.
Preserved county Gwynedd Electorate 41,138 (December 2010) Major settlements Bangor, Caernarfon Current constituency Created 2010 Member of Parliament Hywel Williams (Plaid Cymru) Number of members One Created from Caernarfon 1885–1918 Replaced by Caernarvonshire Created from Caernarvonshire Overlaps Welsh Assembly North Wales European Parliament constituency Wales
Arfon is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). Although the constituency is relatively large by geographical area, it is a predominantly urban rather than rural seat, with the majority of the population living in the two towns on which the constituency is based, Bangor and Caernarfon. "Arfon" is a historical name for the area, meaning "facing Anglesey"; it is also the name of the former district council. This seat was created by the Welsh Boundary Commission in time for the 2010 general election, and replaced the old seat of Caernarfon. The same boundaries were used for the Arfon Welsh Assembly constituency in the 2007 Welsh Assembly election.
The Arfon division of Caernarvonshire was a former UK Parliament constituency, which existed from 1885 until 1918. Before 1885 and after 1918 the area was part of the Caernarvonshire constituency. The Liberal MP William Rathbone represented the Arfon seat until 1895, followed by fellow Liberal William Jones. Upon the death of Mr Jones, Griffith C. Rees, for the Liberal Party, was elected unopposed at the subsequent by-election.
Information in the paragraph above is taken in part from F.W.S Craig's "British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918" (Macmillian, 1974).
When first created in 1885, the constituency was defined as the Petty Sessional Divisions of Bangor, Conway and Nant-Conway, with the Parishes of Llanddeinilen and Llanberis (which were within the Carnarvon Petty Sessional Division). The constituency included the boroughs of Bangor and Conway which were part of the Carnarvon District of Boroughs constituency; only those who owned freehold land within the boroughs could vote in elections for the Arfon constituency as a second vote.
The electoral wards which are used to create the twenty-first century Arfon are entirely within the preserved county of Gwynedd. They are Arllechwedd, Bethel, Bontnewydd, Cadnant, Cwm-y-Glo, Deiniol, Deiniolen, Dewi, Garth, Gerlan, Glyder, Groeslon, Hendre, Hirael, Llanberis, Llanllyfni, Llanrug, Llanwnda, Marchog, Menai (Bangor), Menai (Caernarfon), Ogwen, Peblig (Caernarfon), Penisarwaun, Pentir, Penygroes, Seiont, Talysarn, Tregarth and Mynydd Llandygai, Waunfawr and Y Felinheli.
The latest boundary change created a battle ground in Arfon particularly for Labour, Plaid Cymru, and the Conservatives, with the latter being labelled as a ‘resurgent’ party by the Caernarfon Herald. The scale of contention had been reached due to the large shift in boundary changes which in turn has created a need within each party to achieve a relatively unforeseen outcome. Plaid Cymru had previously never represented Bangor, which had been held by Conservative Wyn Roberts for twenty-seven years and a further thirteen under Labour’s Betty Williams. It has however also been more than thirty years since Caernarfon has been represented by anyone other than Plaid Cymru.
Members of Parliament
Election Member Party 1885 William Rathbone Liberal 1895 William Jones Liberal 1915 Caradoc Rees Liberal 1918 constituency abolished
MPs since 2010
Election Member Party 2010 Hywel Williams Plaid Cymru
Elections in the 2010s
General Election 2010: Arfon Party Candidate Votes % ±% Plaid Cymru Hywel Williams 9,383 36.0 +3.9 Labour Alun Pugh 7,928 30.4 −3.5 Conservative Robin Millar 4,416 16.9 +0.5 Liberal Democrat Sarah Green 3,666 14.1 −1.7 UKIP Elwyn Williams 685 2.6 +0.7 Majority 1,455 5.6 +7.4 Turnout 26,078 63.3 +5.1 Plaid Cymru gain from Labour Swing +3.7
Notes and references
- ^ "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. http://www.statswales.wales.gov.uk/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=14666. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- ^ "Caernarfon Herald". Caernarfon Herald. http://www.caernarfonherald.co.uk/caernarfon-county-news/local-caernarfon-news/2010/04/01/big-three-battle-to-win-arfon-seat-at-the-general-election-88817-26150947/. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
- ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 2)
- ^ BBC - Election 2010 - Arfon
- ^ Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, Rallings & Thrasher, ISBN 0-948858-45-1
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1972)
Constituencies in Wales (40) Labour (26)
Aberavon · Alyn and Deeside · Blaenau Gwent · Bridgend · Caerphilly · Cardiff South and Penarth · Cardiff West · Clwyd South · Cynon Valley · Delyn · Gower · Islwyn · Llanelli · Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney · Neath · Newport East · Newport West · Ogmore · Pontypridd · Rhondda · Swansea East · Swansea West · Torfaen · Vale of Clwyd · Wrexham · Ynys Môn
Conservative (8) Liberal Democrats (3) Plaid Cymru (3)
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