Welsh Corgi


Welsh Corgi
Welsh corgi
Cardigan Welsh corgi
Country of origin Wales.
Cardigan: Believed to have its origins in Roman Britain
Pembroke: Believed to have been introduced to Wales by Flemish weavers in the Middle Ages
Patronage Royal Dog of England, the favorite of Queen Elizabeth II
Traits
Weight Male 27 lbs (12¼ Kg)
Female 25 lbs (11⅓ Kg)
Height Male 10-12.5" (25.5-30.5 cm)
Female 10-12.5" (25.5-30.5 cm)
Coat Cardigan: Short or medium length, hard textured, weatherproof with a good undercoat
Pembroke: Medium length with a straight dense undercoat
Color Cardigan: Any color, with or without white markings
Pembroke: Red, sable, fawn, or black and tan with or without white markings on the legs, brisket, and neck
Life span Cardigan: 11.7 years
Pembroke: 11.5 years[1]
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Welsh corgi (play /ˈkɔrɡi/) is a small type of herding dog that originated in Wales. Two distinct breeds are recognized: the Pembroke Welsh corgi and the Cardigan Welsh corgi, with the Pembroke being the more common. Corgis are healthy dogs, living into their early or middle teens; however, both do suffer from a few hereditary diseases. The most famous Pembroke Welsh corgis are those of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, who keeps at least four corgis.

Contents

Description

Like that of most dog breeds, the corgi's origin is difficult to trace and authenticate. There is mention in an 11th century manuscript of a Welsh cattle dog, though there is no evidence about whether this is the corgi or an ancestor.[2]

Corgis are herding dogs and perform their duties by nipping at the heels; the dog's low stature allows it to avoid being kicked in the process.[3] As herding dogs, corgis work livestock differently than other breeds. Instead of gathering the cattle the way a Collie would, by running around the livestock, corgis drive the herd forward by nipping at their heels and working them from behind in semicircles. Seldom giving ground, if an animal should turn and charge, the corgi will bite its nose, causing it to turn and rejoin the herd.[4] Although they specialize in herding cattle, corgis are also used to herd sheep and Welsh ponies.[2] They are also one of the few breeds able to herd geese.

Welsh corgis also guarded children and were beloved pets.[4] Loyal, alert, fun-loving, even-tempered and confident, corgis have all the qualities of a good family dog.[2]

Welsh folklore says the corgi is the preferred mount of fairy warriors.[5] There is also a folk legend that says corgis were a gift from the woodland fairies, and that the breed's markings were left on its coat by fairy harnesses and saddles.[4] Corgis often have a marking, a white stripe, that runs from the nose, through the eyes, and up into the forehead, this marking is referred to as their blaze.

There are two breeds of Welsh corgis, the Cardigan and the Pembroke, each named for the counties in Wales where they originated. The only difference to those unfamiliar with the breed often appears to be that the Cardigan Welsh corgi has a tail, while the Pembroke does not. However, closer examination of the two breeds reveals differences in bone structure, body length, and overall size that indicate separate origins.[2]

The Cardigan is one of the oldest breeds of dog in Britain and has been employed for centuries by Welsh farmers to herd cattle, herding the owner's livestock to grazing areas and driving the neighbor's cattle out of gardens and open pastures.[3][4] In early settlements these dogs were prized family members, helping hunt game and guarding children.[4] Cardigans are the larger of the two breeds, with large rounded ears and a foxy, flowing tail of moderate length set in line with the body. Though it is allowed more colors than the Pembroke, white should not predominate the coat.[3] The Cardigan is a double-coated dog where the outer coat is dense, slightly harsh in texture, and of medium length. The dog's undercoat is short, soft, and thick.[4] The breed stands about 12 inches (30 cm) at the shoulder and weighs about 30 pounds (14 kg). The Cardigan is sturdy, tough, mobile, alert, active, intelligent, steady, and neither shy nor aggressive.[3]

Pembroke Welsh corgi

The Pembroke is believed to have been introduced to Wales by Flemish weavers about 1100, though 920 is also a suggested date.[3] Another possibility for this corgi's origin is breeding between Cardigans and the Swedish Vallhund, a spitz-type dog closely resembling the Pembroke and brought to Wales by Norse invaders.[4] The breed features pointed ears and is somewhat smaller in stature than the Cardigan. Considered a practical little dog, they are low-set, strong and sturdy with sufficient stamina to work a day on the farm, but friendly and out-going as well. The dog's head is fox-like and the tail short, which can be accomplished through breeding or docking.[3] Historically, the Pembroke was a breed with a natural bob tail (a very short tail), and today, if the Pembroke has a tail at all, it is usually curly. Due to the advent of tail docking in dogs, the bob tail was not aggressively pursued, with breeders focusing instead on other characteristics, and the tail artificially shortened if need be. Given that some countries now ban docking, breeders are again attempting to select dogs with the genes for natural bob tails. Pembrokes stand from 10 inches (25 cm) to 12 inches (30 cm) and weigh approximately 28 pounds (13 kg).[5]

The first recorded date for corgis appearing in the show ring in Wales is 1925.[4] The first show corgis were straight off the farm and gained only moderate attention. Subsequent breeding efforts to improve upon the dog's natural good looks were rewarded with increased popularity.[2] For years the two breeds, the Cardigan Welsh corgi and the Pembroke Welsh corgi, were shown as two varieties of a single breed. Since the two Corgi breeds developed in the Welsh hill country, in areas only a few miles apart, there is evidence of crossbreeding between the two that accounts for the similarities.

Health

Both the Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh corgi are among the healthiest and longest-lived dogs in the Herding Group. The Cardigan tends to be a little hardier and has fewer documented hereditary health problems; among them are canine hip dysplasia, canine degenerative myelopathy and progressive retinal atrophy. Pembroke Welsh corgis are susceptible to intervertebral disc disease, canine hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and epilepsy. Cardigan Welsh corgis have a typical life expectancy between 12 and 14 years, and Pembroke Welsh corgis typically live between 12 and 15 years.[6][7]

Activities

Corgis often compete in dog agility trials, obedience, showmanship, flyball, tracking, and herding events. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Cardigan and Pembroke corgis exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials.[8]

Cultural impact

Outside Wales, corgis have been made popular by Queen Elizabeth II who has at least four in her retinue at all times. Her first corgi was called Susan. She currently keeps five corgis and four Dorgis (corgi/dachshund cross). Some portraits of Queen Elizabeth II include a corgi.[5][9]

Corgis as characters were incorporated into the storybook fantasies Corgiville Fair, The Great Corgiville Kidnapping, and Corgiville Christmas of American author and illustrator Tasha Tudor. In 1961, the Walt Disney film, Little Dog Lost, brought the Pembroke Corgi widespread publicity. In the anime Cowboy Bebop, the main characters have a super-intelligent Pembroke Welsh corgi, Ein, on their ship.[10]

A series of American mystery novels by author Rita Mae Brown, ostensibly written with the assistance of her cat Sneaky Pie, features a pet corgi named Tee Tucker. The dog collaborates with a fellow pet cat named Pewter and other animals in their Virginia community to assist postmistress "Harry" Hairisteen without her knowledge in solving murders.

The Top Shelf graphic novel Korgi plays on the folklore tradition of the corgi as a faerie draft animal. It features the "Mollies" (fairy-like beings) who live in close relationship with the land and their Korgi friends, who are based on and resemble the Pembroke Welsh corgi.[11]

References

  1. ^ "2004 Purebred Dog Health Survey". The Kennel Club. http://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/item/570. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Animal Planet Dog Breed Directory: Pembroke Corgi". http://animal.discovery.com/breedselector/dogprofile.do?id=1170. Retrieved 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Cunliffe, Juliette (2004). The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds. Parragon Publishing. p. 237. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Welsh Corgis: Small Dogs With Big Dog Hearts". http://www.canismajor.com/dog/corgi.html. Retrieved 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c Hausman, Gerald (1998). The Mythology of Dogs. Macmillan. pp. 275–277. 
  6. ^ http://www.pembrokecorgi.org/owning_breed.html
  7. ^ Coile, Caroline (2005). Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds. Barron's Educational Series. pp. 328–31. 
  8. ^ Hartnagle-Taylor and Taylor, Jeanne Joy, and Ty. Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. ISBN #978-157779-106-5. 
  9. ^ "British Monarchy: Pets and Animals". http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/page1964.asp. Retrieved 2008. 
  10. ^ "Cowboy Bebop Official Website (English)". http://www.cowboybebop.org/english/. Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  11. ^ "Man's Best Friend: Slade talks Korgi". http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=9358. Retrieved 2009. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Welsh Corgi — Pembroke Espèce …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Welsh corgi — [kôr′gē] n. [ WELSH + Welsh corgi < corr, dwarf + ci, dog] any member of either of two breeds of short legged dog with a foxlike head and erect ears, originally bred in Wales for herding cattle: the Cardigan Welsh corgi has a long tail; the… …   English World dictionary

  • Welsh Corgi — Welsh Cor|gi 〈[wɛ̣lʃ kɔ:gı] m.; od. s, s; Zool.〉 Angehöriger einer aus Wales stammenden Rasse von Zwergschäferhunden [<engl. welsh „walisisch“ + cor „Zwerg“ + ci „Hund“] * * * Welsh Corgi   [ welʃ kɔːgɪ], schon vor dem Jahre 1000 den Bauern… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Welsh Corgi — steht für: die Hunderasse Welsh Corgi Cardigan die Hunderasse Welsh Corgi Pembroke den gemeinsamen Namen beider oben genannter Hunderassen in der Zeit von 1925 bis 1934 Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Welsh corgi — one of either of two Welsh breeds of dogs having short legs, erect ears, and a foxlike head. Cf. Cardigan (def. 2), Pembroke (def. 3). [1925 30] * * * Either of two breeds of cattle dogs. The Cardigan Welsh corgi was developed from relatives of… …   Universalium

  • welsh corgi — Cualquiera de dos razas de perros pastores de ganado. El welsh corgi cardigan se desarrolló a partir de parientes del dachshund, que los celtas trajeron a Gales 1200 BC. El welsh corgi pembroke desciende de la raza de perros de trineo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Welsh corgi — noun either of two Welsh breeds of long bodied short legged dogs with erect ears and a fox like head • Syn: ↑corgi • Hypernyms: ↑dog, ↑domestic dog, ↑Canis familiaris • Hyponyms: ↑Pembroke, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Welsh corgi — noun Date: 1926 a short legged long backed dog with foxy head of either of two breeds of Welsh origin: a. Cardigan Welsh corgi b. Pembroke Welsh corgi …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Welsh Corgi — Welsh Cor|gi 〈[wɛlʃ kɔ:gı] m.; Gen.: od. s, Pl.: s; Zool.〉 Angehöriger einer aus Wales stammenden Rasse von Zwergschäferhunden [Etym.: <engl. welsh »walisisch« + walisisch cor »Zwerg« + ci »Hund«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Welsh corgi — Welsh′ cor′gi n. dch either of two Welsh breeds of dogs having short legs, erect ears, and a foxlike head, one breed (Cardigan 2)) having slightly rounded ears and a long tail and the other(Pembroke) having pointed ears and a short or docked tail …   From formal English to slang


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