- 40th parallel north
Starting at the
Prime Meridianand heading eastwards, the parallel 40° north passes through:
The parallel 40° north forms the boundary between the State of Kansas and State of Nebraska. On
May 30, 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Actcreated the Territory of Kansasand the Territory of Nebraskadivided by the parallel 40° north. Both territories were required to determine for themselves whether to permit slavery. Open conflict between free-state and pro-slavery forces in the Kansas Territory led to the American Civil War.
The parallel 40° north formed the original northern boundary of the British Colony of Maryland. A subsequent royal grant gave the Colony of Pennsylvania land north of the
parallel 39° north. The Mason-Dixon Linewas drawn between 1763and 1767as the compromise boundary between the overlapping claims of these two colonies.
The parallel 40° north passes through the cities of
Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniaand Columbus, Ohio; as well as northern suburbs of Indianapolis, Indianaand Denver, Colorado. The parallel goes directly through the Port Columbus International Airport, with runway 10L-28R lying immediately north of the line, runway 10R-28L lying slightly south of it, and the line going through the northernmost edges of the terminal.
Baseline Road in
Boulder, Coloradotraces the parallel 40° north.
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