2011 Southeast Asian Games


2011 Southeast Asian Games
26th Southeast Asian Games Testing
26th Southeast Asian Games Testing

Theme: "United & Rising" ("Bersatu & Bangkit")
Nations participating 11
Athletes participating >6000 (estimated)
Events 545 in 44 sports[1]
Opening ceremony November 11
Closing ceremony November 22[2]
Officially opened by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
President of the Republic of Indonesia
Athlete's Oath Dedeh Herawati
Judge's Oath Eko Sunarto
Torch Lighter Susi Susanti
Ceremony venue Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium, Palembang
The fireworks after the torch lighting marked the beginning of XXVI Southeast Asia Games 2011 in Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia, Friday, 2011-11-11.

The 26th Southeast Asian Games is held in Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia on 11 until 22 November 2011.[3] Indonesia's fourth time to host the SEA Games, it last hosted the Games in 1997. Parallel to the SEA Games, the 6th ASEAN ParaGames for physically disabled athletes, begins 2 weeks after the SEA Games ends, with competition to be held in Surakarta (Solo)[4], Central Java, Indonesia.

The capital city of Jakarta has been the host of Southeast Asian Games for three times, namely in 1979, 1987, and 1997. Palembang will be the third SEA Games host city that is not the national capital, after Chiang Mai (1995) and Nakhon Ratchasima (2007), Thailand.

Contents

Organization

Organizing committee

The Indonesia, or Inasoc, is the organizing body for the games. It was also the organizing committee for the 2011 ASEAN ParaGames. The President of Inasoc is Rita Subowo, who is also the President of Indonesia Olympic Committee, and Rahmat Gobel, an Indonesian entrepreneur and the President of Panasonic Gobel Indonesia becomes the director-general.[5][6]

Costs

Indonesian Government Budget of 2010 gives a total of 350 billion rupiahs (± US$38.7 million) for the games, while the budget of 2011 gives a total of 2.1 trillion rupiahs (± US$230 million).[7]

According to Indonesian Minister of Youth and Sports, Andi Mallarangeng, the government of Indonesia added 1 trillion rupiahs (± US$110 million) from the government budget, including 600 billions from the budget for education sector, and fund from sponsorships.[8]

Host cities

Palembang is located in Indonesia
Palembang
Jakarta
Co-hosts of 2011 Southeast Asian Games

Palembang, the capital city of South Sumatra will be the main host of the games by holding a total of 296 events,[9][10] while the nation's capital Jakarta will be the supporting co-host by staging 266 events.[11][12] As the main host, Palembang will only hold 21 of 44 sports, the rest will be held by a co-host city. Palembang will host the opening and closing ceremonies.[13]

Initially, the government had named four provinces as candidates to host the SEA Games 2011, namely Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, and South Sumatra. However this idea has been discarded and host only granted for two provinces. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has suggested two provinces would be enough for Indonesia to host the 26th SEA Games, to reduce operational costs and make the games easier to organize.[14]

The 2011 ASEAN ParaGames will be hosted in Surakarta, Central Java.

Venues

Venues in Palembang[15]

Venues Sports
Dempo Hall Gymnastics (aerobic)
Dempo Sport Complex Weightlifting
Gedung Serbaguna Jakabaring Wrestling
Jakabaring Sport Complex Aquatics (Swimming, diving, synchronized swimming), athletics,
baseball, finswimming, pétanque, roller skating, shooting, softball,
tennis and soft tennis, volleyball (beach), wall climbing, water skiing
Jakabaring Billiard Arena Cue sports
Jayakarta Hotel Chess
Lumban Tirta Arena Aquatics (water polo)
Ranau Gymnastic Hall Gymnastics (artistic and rhythmic)
SPC Jakabaring Sepak takraw
Swarna Dwipa Hotel Bridge
University of Sriwijaya
(Fieldhouse and Sriwijaya Sport Hall)
Boxing, volleyball (indoor)

Venues in Jakarta[15]

Padepokan Pencak Silat Indonesia is the venue for Indonesian traditional martial art, pencak silat
Venues Sports
Ancol Cycling (BMX)
Arthayasa Stables and Country Club Equestrian
Bowling Jaya Ancol Bowling
Gelanggang Remaja Tanjung Priok Vovinam
Gelora Bung Karno Football
Gunung Mas Paragliding
Gunung Pancar Cycling (MTB)
Jagorawi Country Club Golf , Lawn bowls
Lake Cipule Canoeing/kayaking, rowing, traditional boat race
Lebak Bulus Stadium Football
Kelapa Gading Judo Center Judo
Kelapa Gading Sports Mall Basketball
Padepokan Pencak Silat Pencak silat
POPKI Sport Hall Futsal, Taekwondo
Putri Island Aquatics (Open-water swimming)
Senayan Sport Complex:
Istora Senayan, Lapangan ABC, Tennis Indoor
Archery, badminton, karate, wushu
Soemantri Brodjonegoro Sport Complex Table tennis
Subang Road Cycling (road race)
University of Indonesia Fencing
Velodrome Rawamangun Cycling (track)

Athletes village

Jakabaring, Palembang which covered the area of more than 45,000 square metres will be the athletes village (wisma atlet) during the games. It is located in front of Jakabaring Stadium (Gelora Sriwijaya).[16]

Transport

In order to prepare for athletes, officials, and visitors during the games, several significant changes are being done in both host cities. Palembang expands its Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Airport more than a hundred percent.[17] Currently the airport is served by only seven airlines and served only three other ASEAN countries, which are Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand. The Inasoc is currently improving the number of flights, especially connecting flights from Jakarta and Singapore to Palembang, and also easiness for charter airflights from other SEA Games participating countries.[18] South Sumatran Office of Transportation, Communication, and Information will provide a total of 40 buses, 100 midibuses, 300 minibuses, and 100 motorcycles for the athletes, officials, and journalists.[19] Besides, a bus rapid transit, Trans Musi, will serve Palembang and surrounding regency of Ogan Ilir and Banyuasin.

Jakarta is served by Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. On December 31, 2010, Jakarta's bus rapid transit, TransJakarta opened its newest two corridors, Corridor 9 and 10. KRL Jabotabek is a mass rapid transit system which serves Jakarta and its commuters. There are currently two mass transportation systems under construction, the Jakarta Monorail and the Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit System but there is no sign these projects will be finished before November 2011.

Concerning traffic jam in Jakarta, police will block trucks from the inner city toll road between 5:00am and 10:00pm, just like during the ASEAN summit. Only shuttle buses with certain sticker will allowed to enter the 2 main games in Ancol and Gelora Bung Karno stadium and vice versa between them.[20]

Eco-policy

The government of South Sumatra declared its commitment to incorporate eco-policy with the games.[21] All venues during the games will also be free smoking area.[22]

Palembang as the first city outside Jakarta to host the SEA Games is facing some environmental problems due to development for the games.[23]

Songs and themes

The Southeast Asian Games's official theme, "Ayo Indonesia Bisa" was composed by Yovie Widianto was sung by Ello featuring Sherina Munaf duet vocalist pop music soloist, making it the second Southeast Asian Games for which he has vocalist was official theme anthem of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games. The song "Kita Bisa" was composed by Yovie Widianto. was sung by Dudi Nuno, Dikta Nuno, Ello, Judika, Terry, Astrid and Lala Karmela (credited as Yovie and Friends). A music video featuring the singers and Indonesian athletes was also released was accompanied by Victorian Phillaharmonic Orchestra was official theme song of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games. At the closing of the ceremony Lala Karmela performed the Southeast Asian Games song "Kita Bisa" and "Ayo Indonesia Bisa" just before the torch was extinguished.

The official theme of the event openin gceremony "Together We Will Shine" was composed by Addie MS and Jozef Cleber was performed at the opening ceremony by Agnes Monica from Indonesia, Jaclyn Victor from Malaysia, and KC Concepcion from Philippines.[24] [25]

Marketing

Official logo of 2011 SEA Games featuring the stylized brush strokes resembling Garuda, the national symbol of Indonesia

The official Logo of SEA Games this time is Garuda, which also the national symbol of Indonesia. The logo that depicts the philosophy of "Garuda Flight above Indonesia Nature”, as a symbol of the country.[26] Physical appearance of Garuda represents strength, while its wings epitomizes glory and splendor. The upper green strokes symbolize the islands, forests, and mountainous terrain of the Indonesia archipelago, while the blue strokes epitomizes the vast Nusantara ocean which unifies differences. Land and water or Tanah Air in Indonesian means homeland. The red strokes represent courage, zeal, and burning passion to give the best for the country.[27] This logo was introduced during SEA Games Preparation Ministerial Meeting in Jakarta, December 3, 2010,[28] and launched to the public in a celebration of 300 days before the opening ceremony, January 15, 2011 at Teater Tanah Airku, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.[29]

Mascot

Official mascots of 2011 SEA Games, Modo and Modi. They are inspired by the Komodo dragon, native to East Nusa Tenggara

The official mascots for 2011 SEA Games in Indonesia are called Modo and Modi, a pair of Komodo dragons.[30] Modo is a male Komodo dragon wearing a blue traditional Indonesian costume and a batik sarong, while Modi is a female Komodo dragon wearing a red kebaya with a batik sash and pants. The mascots were adopted from Komodo dragons, an endemic Indonesian fauna native to Komodo, Rinca, and Padar islands in East Nusa Tenggara. The mascots was introduced and launched 200 days before the SEA Games XXVI, on Monday 25 April 2011 in three places: in Jakarta, Tanah Airku Theatre in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah and Selamat Datang Monument in Central Jakarta.[31] "Modo" is a short name for Komodo, while "Modo-Modi" is a modified spelling of Muda-Mudi which means "youth" in Indonesian language, derived from pemuda (male youth) and pemudi (female youth).

Previously, the government of Palembang had chosen Sumatran elephant as the mascot through an open contest, but there was a suggestion from President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and the National Sports Committee of Indonesia to use Rajawali instead.[32] Rajawali is an Indonesian hawk. Then both Sumatran elephants and Javan hawk eagles were discarded in favour of Komodo dragons. The chosing of Komodo dragons for the Games' mascots was in line with an Indonesian effort to promote Komodo National Park as a New 7 Wonders of Nature candidate.

Broadcasting rights

      Host nation

2011 SEA Games Broadcasters in Southeast Asia
IOC Code Country Network Station Television Station Radio Station
BRU Brunei Brunei RTB RTB TV1 Radio Nasional Brunei
CAM Cambodia Cambodia NTK TVK National Radio of Kampuchea
INA Indonesia Indonesia MNC Media and Radio and Television of the Government of Indonesia TVRI, RCTI, MNCTV, ANTV, MetroTV, Global TV, tvOne, SINDOtv, Indovision, MNC Sports RRI, Sindo Radio
LAO Laos Laos Lao National Radio and Television LNTV LNR
MAS Malaysia Malaysia MPB, RTM, Astro TV1, TV2, TV3, NTV7, 8TV, TV9, TV Alhijrah, RTM Arena, UniFi, Astro SuperSport, Astro Arena Hot FM, Fly FM, Klasik Nasional FM, Voice of Malaysia, Selangor FM, KL FM
MYA Myanmar Myanmar MRTV, Sky Net MRTV-4 MRNS
PHI Philippines Philippines ABS-CBN, TV5 Studio 23, Balls, AKTV DZMM Radyo Patrol 630, Radyo5 92.3 News FM
SIN Singapore Singapore StarHub TV, mio TV, MediaCorp TV MediaCorp TV Channel 5, MediaCorp TV HD5, MediaCorp Channel NewsAsia International, MediaCorp Teletext 938LIVE
THA Thailand Thailand National Broadcasting Commission of Thailand Channel 3 BEC-TERO, ททบ.5, BBTV, Modernine TV, NBT Television Modern Radio, NBT Radio
TML East Timor Timor Leste RTTL Televisão Timor Leste Radio Timor Leste
VIE Vietnam Vietnam VTV, VMC VTV1, VTV2, VTV3, VTV6, VTC1, VTC3 Voice of Vietnam

Corporate sponsors

Torch relay

The chairman of Indonesian National Sport Committee of South Sumatera province, Muddai Madang, said that the flame for SEA Games will be taken from the eternal flame in Desa Mrapen, Purwodadi in the province of Central Java. The flame from Merapen was also used for 2008 Asian Beach Games and 1997 Southeast Asian Games torch relays. The relay will start in Purwodadi and scheduled to arrive in Palembang on November 11, 2011. It will travel through several Indonesian provinces before it will be following the route across 15 South Sumatran regencies. The torch will passed in 6-11 November through Borobudur, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Komodo Island and Kupang, Jayapura, Makassar, Balikpapan and Samarinda, Jakarta, and finishing in Palembang, South Sumatera.[35] The journey will involve 45 torchbearers for every single leg of the relay.[36][37]

Games

Countdown

The official countdown to the games' opening ceremony has started since November 11, 2010, marking a year before the games. The countdown clock is located nearby the Ampera Bridge, the landmark of Palembang.[38]

Three hundred days before the opening ceremony, a special event showing Indonesian art performances and featuring a number of Indonesian famous celebrity was held at Teater Tanah Airku, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta. During the event, the official logo of the games was launched publicly.[39]

Opening Ceremony

In 10 November 2010 in Palembang, Indonesian Minister of Sport and Youth begin a year countdown to SEA Games opening.[40] In 10 November 2011 (a day before opening ceremony) the Sea Games torch flame ceremony was held along Musi River in front of Kuto Besak fort. The opening ceremony officially began at 7:00 pm on 11 November 2011 in Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium. The date was chosen because its unique numbers 11-11-2011. The main event of opening ceremony with musical and dance performances, also athlete march from participating nations, will be held in Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium. The mass dance performance featured "The Glory of Srivijaya" as the theme.[41][42]

Indra Yudhistira, the director and conceptor of the opening ceremony worked together with music director, Erwin Gutawa and choreographers such as Ari Tulang, Deddy Pudja, Hartati, and Alex Hassim, as well as percussionist Ade Rudiana. The Games' theme song, Together We'll Shine was sung by three Southeast Asian female singers, dubbed as Southeast Asian divas, Agnes Monica of Indonesia, Jaclyn Victor of Malaysia and KC Concepcion of the Philippines.[43]. Numerous other Indonesian singers was also given the spotlight during the ceremony.

Unlike other opening ceremonies of previous games, Palembang presented an artistic vehicle parade and breathtaking theatrics in the lighting of the flame [44]. The eternal flame from Mrapen entered the stadium as a continuation of the Palembang relay leg from the outside. The Southeast Asian Games torch was relayed around the stadium by 4 athletes, and was finally passed on to Susi Susanti, 1992 Summer Olympics gold medalist in Badminton.

Susi Susanti, who was suspended by wires, then appeared to run horizontally along the walls of the stadium through to the Olympic cauldron, which at this moment was still not shown. As he ran along the upper wall of the stadium, the projection displayed a scroll opening ahead of him, on which was beamed footages of previous torch relays around the world. At the final moment, a spotlight revealed the final resting place of the Southeast Asian Games flame, which had appeared during the torch run. A colossal torch situated at the top of the stadium was lit by a proportionately large Constructor.

A flurry of spectacular fireworks of various colours and shapes, some projecting Olympic rings, others forming hoops, flower outwards, fountain or float down, accompanied the ending of the ceremony. The opening ceremony started broadcasting at at 9:52 pm local time, which was later than the time originally planned: 9:30 pm local time.

The Southeast Asian Games's official theme which start song "Kita Bisa" was composed by Addie MS with words by Jozef Cleber was performed in the opening ceremony by Dudi Oris, Pradikta Wicaksono, Ello, Judika Nalon Abadi Sihotang, Terryana Fatiah, Astrid Sartiasari and Lala Karmela was accompanied by Victorian Phillaharmonic Orchestra was official theme song of the 2011 Southeast Asian Games. At the opening of the ceremony Lala Karmela performed the Southeast Asian Games song "Kita Bisa" just before the torch was extinguished.

Sports

The 2011 Southeast Asian Games will features hundreds of events in 44 disciplines, which two of them are demonstration sports.[45]

During the SEA Games Federation Council Meeting in Hotel Mulia, Jakarta, on May 2010, The SEAGF Sports and Rules Committee proposed three categories of sports to be competed in the games. The meeting also increased the number of sport competed. Indonesia proposed to hold paragliding, wall climbing, roller skating, bridge, futsal and soft tennis.[46] While, the other Southeast Asian countries proposed arnis, muay thai, hockey, netball, petanque, squash, triathlon, Rugby union and cricket. The 2011 SEAG edition will not include modern pentathlon, an Olympic sport.

Demonstration sports:

¹ - not an official Olympic Sport
² - sport played only in the SEAG
³ - not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° - a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.

Calendar

In the following calendar for the games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held. On the left the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right how many gold medals were won in that sport.[48]

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
November 3
Thu
4
Fri
5
Sat
6
Sun
7
Mon
8
Tue
9
Wed
10
Thu
11
Fri
12
Sat
13
Sun
14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
19
Sat
20
Sun
21
Mon
22
Tue
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
Archery 2 2 4 2 10
Athletics 11 12 10 11 2 46
Badminton 2 5 7
Baseball 1 1
Basketball 2 2
Bowling 2 2 2 2 2 10
Boxing 6 8 14
Bridge 2 2 1 1 2 1 9
Canoeing 5 3 7 15
Chess 3 2 4 9
Cue sports 2 3 2 3 10
Cycling 2 1 2 1 1 2 4 2 3 18
Diving 2 2 2 2 8
Equestrian 1 2 1 1 1 6
Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
Fin swimming 5 6 5 16
Football 1 1
Futsal 2 2
Golf 2 2 4
Gymnastics 1 1 2 5 5 1 2 17
Judo 4 4 4 4 16
Karate 7 8 2 17
Kenpō 4 4 8 16
Open water swimming 2 2 4
Paragliding 12 12
Pencak silat 6 12 18
Pétanque 2 2 2 6
Roller sport 4 4 4 12
Rowing 5 6 11
Sailing 9 9
Sepak takraw 2 2 2 6
Shooting 3 3 3 2 3 14
Soft tennis 2 2 2 1 7
Softball 1 1
Sport climbing 4 4 2 10
Swimming 6 6 7 7 6 6 38
Synchronized swimming 3 2 5
Table tennis 1 2 2 5
Teakwondo 7 4 6 4 21
Tennis 2 2 3 7
Traditional boat race 4 4 2 10
Volleyball 2 2 4
Vovinam 7 7 14
Water polo 1 1 2
Water Skiing 5 6 11
Weightlifting 4 4 3 3 14
Wrestling 5 4 4 4 17
Wushu 2 4 4 10 20
Total events 5 43 61 54 65 43 57 36 64 56 44 17 545
November 3
Thu
4
Fri
5
Sat
6
Sun
7
Mon
8
Tue
9
Wed
10
Thu
11
Fri
12
Sat
13
Sun
14
Mon
15
Tue
16
Wed
17
Thu
18
Fri
19
Sat
20
Sun
21
Mon
22
Tue
Events

Closing ceremony

The closing ceremony will be held on 22 November 2011 at Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium.

Medal table

      Host nation

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Indonesia (INA) 60 48 37 145
2  Thailand (THA) 35 27 35 97
3  Vietnam (VIE) 27 29 35 91
4  Singapore (SIN) 19 17 31 63
5  Malaysia (MAS) 12 14 22 48
6  Philippines (PHI) 8 14 20 42
7  Laos (LAO) 2 3 12 17
8  Cambodia (CAM) 1 3 7 11
9  Myanmar (MYA) 0 8 10 18
10  Brunei (BRU) 0 1 3 4
11  Timor-Leste (TLS) 0 0 1 1
Total 164 164 213 541
Source=Result Medal Tally

Participating nations

      Host nation

Country Athletes Officials Reference
IOC Code Name Men Women Total Men Women Total
BRU Brunei Brunei Darussalam
CAM Cambodia Cambodia 135 28 163 63 4 67 [49]
INA Indonesia Indonesia 1059 393 [50]
LAO Laos Laos
MAS Malaysia Malaysia 608 261 [51]
MYA Myanmar Myanmar 282 195 477 179 67 246 [52]
PHI Philippines Philippines 512 140 [53]
SIN Singapore Singapore 417 206 [54]
THA Thailand Thailand 882 338 [55]
TLS East Timor Timor Leste 93
VIE Vietnam Vietnam 608 260
Total

Concerns and controversies

Event cut down

The Indonesia SEA Games Organizing Committee proposed to stage a total of 577 events during the games, but later the Minister of Youth and Sport, Andi Mallarangeng ordered the committee to reduce the number, especially for those events with less than 4 countries to participate.[56]

Countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Vietnam deplore the decision which being made by the host country. Indonesia decided to remove some events from cue sport, shooting, aerobic, petanque, and table tennis. Most critics come out after the host country decided to remove the women's football. On the other hand. Indonesia includes new disciplines, some of them are considered unpopular by other participating countries, such as contract bridge, parachuting, roller sports, wall climbing and vovinam.[57]

The strategy of cutting down the numbers of medals for sports that are the advantages of other countries has been a major problem for Southeast Asian Games that being carried out by the host country. At 2001 Southeast Asian Games, Malaysia introduced lawn bowls, netball and petanque, 2003 Southeast Asian Games, Vietnam added fin swimming and shuttlecock, 2005 SEA Games, the Philippines added arnis, a demonstration sport in 2003, with 6 sets of medals and it won 3 gold medals.

Malaysian protest

At SEA Games Federation Meeting in Bali, February 2011, Malaysia appealed for the reinclusion of 60 dropped events, but then the federation rejects the appeal from Olympic Council of Malaysia.

The National Sports Council of Malaysia is mulling over the possibility of sending only back-up athletes for the 26th SEA Games. Datuk Zolkples Embong, the director-general of the council, said that the move to drop several events would adversely affect Malaysia's medal chances. He argues:

"Why should we [Malaysia] waste time and money to send the elite athletes if it is only for a small gain."[58]

References

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  2. ^ see header
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External links

Preceded by
2009
Vientiane, Laos
Southeast Asian Games Succeeded by
2013
Naypyidaw, Myanmar

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