- The Britons
The Britons, was founded in July 1919, by
Henry Hamilton Beamish. It was an organization which published anti-Semitic pamphlets and propagandaunder the imprintnames of the " Judaic Publishing Co." and subsequently the " Britons Publishing Society". These entities engaged primarily in disseminating anti-Semitic and anti- immigrationliterature and rhetoric in the United Kingdom, and bore hallmarks of the British fascist movement. Imprints under the label of the "Judaic Publishing Co." exist for the years 1920, 1921, and 1922.
According to scholar
The group was founded in
Londonin 1918 by Henry Hamilton Beamish, who had developed an antisemitic viewpoint when he spent time in South Africaand felt that all the industries there were controlled by Jews. Beamish became involved with the Silver Badge Party, although by 1919 he had left Britain altogether after losing a libelcase brought by Sir Alfred Mond.
Despite the disappearance of Beamish, the Britons continued under
John Henry Clarke, a well-known homeopathwho served as Chairman and Vice-President (with the Southern Rhodesia-based Beamish continuing as President) from the formation of the group until his death in 1931. Clarke helped the party to work with the right wing of the Conservative Party, and the Britons attracted such members as inventor [http://www.yamaguchy.netfirms.com/7897401/kitson/kitson_index.html Arthur Kitson] and Brigadier-General R.B.D. Blakeney.
The group claimed that its only aim was to get rid of all the Jews in Britain by forcing them to emigrate to
Palestine. Only those who could prove English blood up to grandparent level were allowed membership (despite the name 'Britons'). Eschewing the street politics of predecessors such as the British Brothers League, group activities centred mainly on publishing, with journals such as "Jewry Uber Alles", "The British Guardian" and "The Investigator" (which began publishing in 1937 and used a swastikaas its emblem with the motto 'For Crown and Country, Blood and Soil) appearing regularly. They also published a number of books on the topic, including an imprint, allegedly a translation by Victor E. Marsdeninto the English language, of " The Protocols of the Elders of Zion". It is to be noted that Victor E. Marsdenhad died on October 28, 1920. "The Britons" had ceased publication of their previous version of this imprint, and Norman Cohnstates that the Marsden version first came out in print in 1921. However, the earliest imprint bearing the name of Marsden and held by the British Librarybears the date of 1922, and the Library's online catalog shows that it was imprinted by the Britons Publishing Society. There is no scholarly work on Victor E. Marsden, a former correspondent for "The Morning Post", and there has not yet been an accounting of how precisely his name came to be associated with the publication of the "The Protocols". And it is at this time that this notorious text was exposed as a plagiarism, conclusively, in August 1921, by Philip Graves. The previous translation was made allegedly by George Shanksfor Eyre & Spottiswoode Ltd.(printers), the King's printers.
Known from 1922 onwards as the Britons Publishing Company, this publishing entity produced material for such groups as the
British Union of Fascists. It was largely inactive during World War II, although the group continued to exist until the late 1940s.
* Anonymous translator (
George Shanks), " The Jewish Peril", (a.k.a. as the " Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion," (London: The Britons, 1920)
* Robert Benewick, "Political Violence and Public Order", (London: 1969)
* Sharman Kadish, "Bolsheviks and British Jews, The Anglo-Jewish Community, Britain and the Russian Revolution", London, (1992)
* Gisela C. Lebzelter, "Political Anti-Semitism in England 1918-1939" (New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, Inc., 1978):ISBN 084190426X
* Ibid., (London: Macmillan, in association with St. Antony’s College, Oxford, 1978):ISBN 0333242513
* Paul Cox, 1999, " [http://members.lycos.co.uk/mere_pseud_mag_ed/History/MadDogs1.htm Mad Dogs and Englishman, Part One: The so-called fifth column] "
Britons Publishing Society
Eyre & Spottiswoode
Gisela C. Lebzelter
Henry Hamilton Beamish
Judaic Publishing Co.
Protocols of Zion
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