List of Muslim historians

List of Muslim historians
This is a subarticle of Islamic scholars, List of Muslim scholars and List of historians.

The following is a list of Muslim historians writing in the Islamic historiographical tradition, which developed from hadith literature in the time of the first caliphs. This list is focused on pre-modern historians who wrote before the heavy European influence that occurred from the 19th century onward.


Chronological list

"Chase F. Robinson" in "Islamic Historiography" has mentioned the chronological list of Islamic historians.

The historians of the formative period

First era: 700-750 (Ibn Zubayr and al-Zuhri's histories no longer exist, but they are referenced in later works).

Second era: 750-800

Third era: 800-860

Fourth era: 860-900

Fifth era: 900-950

The historians of the classical period

Iraq and Iran

Egypt, Palestine and Syria

  • Al-Muqaddasi (d.1000)
  • al-Musabbihi (d. 1030), Akhbar Misr[2]
  • Ibn al-Qalanisi (d. 1160)
  • Ibn Asakir (d. 1176)
  • Usamah ibn Munqidh (d. 1188)
  • Imad al-Din al-Isfahani (d. 1201)
  • Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi (d. 1231)
  • Baha al-Din ibn Shaddad (d. 1235) - al-Nawādir al-Sultaniyya wa'l-Maḥāsin al-Yūsufiyya (The Rare and Excellent History of Saladin)
  • Sibt ibn al-Jawzi (d. 1256) - Mir'at al-zaman (Mirror of the Time)
  • Ibn al-Adim (d. 1262)
  • Abu Shama (d. 1267)[3]
  • Ibn Khallikan (d. 1282)
  • Abu'l-Fida (d. 1331)
  • al-Nuwayri (d. 1332)
  • al-Mizzi (d. 1341)
  • al-Dhahabi (d. 1348) - Tarikh al-Islam al-kabir
  • Ibn Kathir (d. 1373) - al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya (The Beginning and the End)
  • Ibn al-Furat (d. 1405)
  • al-Maqrizi (d. 1442) - al-Suluk li-ma'firat duwwal al-muluk (Mamluk history of Egypt)
  • Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani (d. 1449)
  • al-Ayni (d. 1451)
  • Ibn Taghribirdi (d. 1470) - Nujum al-zahira fi muluk Misr wa'l-Qahira (History of Egypt)
  • al-Sakhawi (d. 1497)
  • al-Suyuti (d. 1505) - History of the Caliphs
  • Mujir al-Din al-'Ulaymi (d.1522)

al-Andalus and the Maghreb

India and Pakistan

The early modern historians

Turkish: Ottoman Empire

Arabic: Ottoman Empire and Morocco

Persian: Safavid Empire and Mughal India

See also


  1. ^ a b (Robinson hasn't mentioned his name.)
  2. ^ Bianquis, "Al-Musabbihi", Encyclopaedia of Islam, Leiden: Brill, 1960-2004.
  3. ^ (1969): Livre des deux jardins ("The Book of Two Gardens"). See: Recueil des Historiens des Croisades
  4. ^ "Tursun Beg." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Leiden: Brill, 1960-2004.


  • Robinson, Chase F. (2003), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521629365 : XIV and XV
  • Babinger, Franz. Geschichtsschreiber der Osmanen. Leipzig: O. Harrassowitz, 1927.
  • Encyclopaedia of Islam. Leiden: Brill, 1960-2004.

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