- Batman franchise media
A number of Batman theatrical
films have been made. There have also been several attempted projects during the hiatus between " Batman & Robin" and " Batman Begins".
*1943: "Batman", 15-chapter serial starring
Lewis Wilsonas Batman and Douglas Croftas Robin.
*1949: "Batman and Robin", 15-chapter serial starring Robert Lowery and Johnny Duncan.
*1966: "Batman", feature film starring
Adam Westand Burt Ward.
*1989: "Batman", directed by
Tim Burtonand starring Michael Keatonas Batman and Jack Nicholsonas the Joker.
Batman Returns", directed by Tim Burton and starring Michael Keaton, Michelle Pfeifferas Catwomanand Danny DeVitoas the Penguin.
*1993: ', animated feature spin-off of '.
Batman Forever", directed by Joel Schumacherand starring Val Kilmeras Batman, Chris O'Donnellas Robin, Nicole Kidmanas Dr. Chase Meridian, Tommy Lee Jonesas Two-Face, and Jim Carreyas the Riddler.
*1997: "Batman and Robin", directed by Joel Schumacher and starring
George Clooneyas Batman, Chris O'Donnell as Robin, Arnold Schwarzeneggeras Mr. Freeze, Alicia Silverstoneas Batgirl, and Uma Thurmanas Poison Ivy.
Batman Begins", directed by Christopher Nolanand starring Christian Baleas Batman, Michael Caineas Alfred Pennyworth, Gary Oldmanas James Gordon, Liam Neesonas Ra's Al Ghul, and Cillian Murphyas the Scarecrow.
*2008: "The Dark Knight", the sequel to "Batman Begins", directed by
Christopher Nolanand starring Christian Bale, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhartas Harvey Dent and Two-Face, and Heath Ledgeras the Joker.
Batman film hoax
Mark Millarwrote in 2004 about a failed attempt by director Orson Wellesabout a Batman project with himself as both director and title character. Although it has been long since proven to be a work of fiction, it is partially based on a previous Welles attempt to adapt The Shadowonto the big screen.
*1998: "", based on "Batman: The Animated Series".
*2000: "", based on "Batman Beyond".
*2003: "", based on "
The New Batman Adventures".
The Batman vs. Dracula", based on "The Batman".
*2008: ' based on ' mini-series.
*2008: "", an anime-styled movie set between "
Batman Begins" and "The Dark Knight".
*1966 - 1968: "Batman" starring
Adam Westand Burt Wardas Batman and Robin.
*1972: "Equal pay"
Public Service Announcementfeaturing Dick Gautieras Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Yvonne Craig as Batgirl.
Legends of the Superheroes" by Hanna Barbera, featuring West and Ward as Batman and Robin.
OnStar" commercials featuring Bruce Thomas as Batman and Michael Goughas Alfred, and followed the visual style of the 1989-1997 film series.
2002: "Birds of Prey", TV series that featured Batman in the first episode, Bruce Thomas reprises his role as Batman.
2009(expected): The CWnetwork is preparing a new live-action pilot called The Graysonswhich would follow the life of a pre-Batman Dick Grayson. [http://tvseriesfinale.com/articles/batman-cw-builds-a-series-around-pre-robin-dick-grayson/]
Tim McCanlieswrote a pilot script and series bible for a planned series called "Bruce Wayne". Taking place in his teenage years, the series would cover his passage into young adulthood, training, and development into becoming Batman. Other characters would include Alfred, Sergeant Jim Gordon, law school student Harvey Dent, and a seductive young Selina Kyle. Planned to run for five to six seasons, it would show how he acquired his martial arts skills, his equipment, and detective abilities he would use in his war on crime. It would also focus on corruption within the board of Wayne Enterprises (an element which found its way into "Begins" to some extent), police affiliation with the mafia, etc. "Bruce Wayne" was nearing pre-production when Warner Bros.movie division felt it would conflict with the planned "Year One" movie and scrapped it. The result was "Batman Begins".
The producers of "Smallville" wanted to get a teenaged Bruce Wayne onto the show as a recurring character acting as a friend and foe to Clark Kent, while being a potential love interest to
Lana Lang. Scripted as being two years younger than Clark, the young Wayne was wandering around America trying to find his purpose in life and training in martial arts. His main story arc was to be involved in a feud with Lex Luthor over Lexcorpand Lionel Luthor's rivalry with Wayne Enterprises. Alfred Goughand Miles Millar had stated as far back as Season 1 that they would love to have the pre-Batman on the show.Fact|date=March 2008
Due to legal issues and the production of "Begins", the planned idea was cut from the drawing board.
Ian Somerhalderwas cast as a stranger named Adam Knight, (named based on Adam Westand The Dark Knight) who served as a boyfriend for Lana in at least seven episodes. This was in response to the plans of Wayne coming undercover to Smallville while investigating LuthorFact|date=March 2008. However, in 2007, Gough stated that while it is impossible to get Wayne on the show, "there are other characters out there we can exploit."
*1968 - *1969: "
The Batman/Superman Hour" featured Batman in " Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder". In this cartoon, he is voiced by long time Batman voice actor Olan Soule.
The New Scooby-Doo Movies" produced by Hanna-Barbera- Batman and Robin appeared in episodes "The Dynamic Scooby-Doo Affair" (9/16/72) and "The Caped Crusader Caper" (12/16/72), where Olan Soule reprises his role as the Caped Crusader.
*1973 - 1985: Various "
Super Friends" series produced by Hanna-Barbera.
The All-New Super Friends Hour"
Challenge of the SuperFriends"
The World's Greatest Super Friends"
**1985: ""Olan Soule reprises his role as Batman in all but the last two Super Friends series, where he is replaced by
Adam West, who had previously played Batman in the live action TV series.
*1977: Batman appeared in
The Batman/Tarzan Adventure Hourseries. He appeared in The New Adventures of Batmansegments, in which he is voiced once again by Adam West.Batman also appeared in the various cartoons set in the DC Animated Universe;
*1992 - 1995: "" / "
The Adventures of Batman & Robin" by Warner Bros., the first of the DC Animated Universeshows.
*1996 - 1999: "" by Warner Bros. (Batman appeared in a few episodes)
*1997 - 1999: "
The New Batman Adventures" by Warner Bros.
*1999 - 2001: "
Batman Beyond", by Warner Bros. Known as "Batman of the Future" in Europeand Latin America.
*2001 - 2006: "Justice League" / "
Justice League Unlimited" by Warner Bros.
Static Shock" by Warner Bros. Batman appeared in a few episodes. In all appearances in the DCAU, Batman is voiced by Kevin Conroy.
*2004: "Teen Titans"-- Batman appeared in silhouette in the episode "Haunted," in a flashback sequence. He is not voiced by Kevin Conroy or Rino Romano.
*2004 - 2008: "The Batman" by Warner Bros.In this series, Batman is a young crime fighter just three years into his career as Batman. He is voiced by
Rino Romano. This is positively not set in the DC Animated Universe.
Krypto the Superdog, Batman is the owner of Ace the Bat-Hound, although Ace prefers to refer to himself as "Batman's partner," rather than his pet.
*2008: ""-- An upcoming
animated television seriesbased in part on the comic book series of the same name, which is scheduled to debut on November 14, 2008on Cartoon Network. Based on " The Brave and the Bold", the series will have Batman team-up with several other DC Comicsheroes.
From 1943 to 1946, Batman and Robin appeared in a syndicated daily newspaper
comic stripproduced by the McClure Syndicate. Other versions appeared in 1953, 1966, and 1989. The original run is collected in the book "Batman: The Dailies". One more comic strip series ran briefly after the success of the 1989 film.
Batman is also slated to appear in a novel by cyberpunk/horror novelist
John Shirley, entitled ' from Del Rey books. Many other novels and short story collections featuring Batman have been published over the years, including novelizations of each of the recent movies and several of the more popular comic book arcs. There are also several more scholarly works, aimed at either Batman's history or art, such as Les Daniels' ' and compilations such as "Batman: Cover to Cover : The Greatest Comic Book Covers of the Dark Knight". In 2004 "The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual", written by Scott Beattywas published by Quirk Books (ISBN 1-59474-023-2). Written in the same style as " The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook" series, the book explained the basics on how to be Batman. Amongst the skills included in the book are "How to Train a Sidekick", "How to Execute a Backflip", "How to Throw a Grappling Hook" and "How to Survive a Poison Gas Attack". Finally, there are of course countless "sticker, coloring, activity, and other children's books" [http://batmanytb.com/media/books/index.php] featuring the Dark Knight.
Beginning in March 1945, Batman and Robin made regular appearances on the "The Adventures of Superman"
radio dramaon the Mutual Broadcasting System. Efforts were made to launch a Batman radio series in 1943 and again in 1950, but neither came to fruition.
In 1994, the comic book storyline was adapted to radio by
BBC Radio 1. It was adapted, produced and directed by Dirk Maggs- with music composed by Mark Russell- who had recently made on BBC Radio 5. This show, however was not commissioned of its own, but rather to be three minute episodes on the Mark Goodier Show. This meant it was written with a sense of immediacy; having to make an instant effect and each three minute segment contains a major plot development or sound effect stunt and end on a cliffhanger. DC acknowledged the effort in an issue "Shadow of The Bat" by having villains jump past a sign that read Dirk Maggs Radio. Michael Goughreprised the role of Alfred Pennyworthfrom the Burton/Schumacher film series.
Batman was also featured in the audiobook adaptation of
Both Batman & Robin are mentioned in the 2007 song, "Make Me Better" by
While a parody of a "
Batman" musical was featured in one of the most recent series' comics, in 2002, Jim Steinman, David Ives, and Tim Burtonhad worked on a theatre production called "Batman: The Musical" although it was ultimately cancelled. Steinman has recently revealed five songs from the musical. The first is the opening theme for "Gotham City" and the entry of Batman with his tortured solo "The Graveyard Shift"; followed by "The Joker's Song (Where Does He Get All Those Wonderful Toys?)", "The Catwoman's Song (I Need All The Love I Can Get)", "We're Still The Children We Once Were" (the climactic sequence) and "In The Land Of The Pig The Butcher Is King", sung by the corrupt blood-suckers ruling Gotham, recently covered on the Meat Loafalbum "". These songs can be heard at the "Batman: The Musical" memorial site, " [http://www.freewebs.com/batman_themusical/ Dark Knight of the Soul] "
A Batman musical is also parodied in the animated series "
Batman Beyond". The episode "Out of the Past," (first aired October 21, 2000) opens with Bruce Wayne and Terry McGinnisattending a performance of (a fictional)"Batman: The Musical", featuring caricatures of prominent members of the Rogues Gallery (Joker, Penguin, Two-Face, Catwoman, Poison Ivy, and Harley Quinn). Series creator Paul Dini, who wrote the episode in question, also wrote a song for the fictitious musical entitled "Superstitious and Cowardly Lot."
An episode of the sketch comedy show "
Mad TV" also featured a "Batman: The Musical" parody called "Batman V: Out of the Cave" which starred Tommy Tuneas Batman, and Ben Vereenas Robin.
Several Batman video games were created:
*"Batman" for the
ZX Spectrum, MSXand Amstrad PCWin 1985. Now known as "Batman 3D".
*"" for various
Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), Atari Lynx, Commodore Amiga, Sinclair ZX Spectrum and other platforms. (In October 1989, the Amiga 500was bundled with this game as part of the "Batman Pack" [http://www.amigahistory.co.uk/a500batman.html] , which was sold in the United Kingdomand was a phenomenal success).
*"" for Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) and
*"Batman Returns" for Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), Super Nintendo (Super NES),
Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, Sega CD, Sega Game Gear, and Atari Lynx.
Adventures of Batman & Robin" for Super Nintendo (Super NES), Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, Sega CD, and Game Gear.
*"Batman Forever" for Super Nintendo (Super NES),
Game Boy, Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, and Sega Game Gear.
*"" for Arcade,
Sony PlayStationand Sega Saturn.
*"Batman & Robin" for the Tiger Game.com and the
Game Boy Color.
*"" for the
Nintendo 64and the PlayStation.
Batman Vengeance" for the GameCube, PlayStation 2, PC, Game Boy Advanceand Xbox.
*"" for the
PlayStation 2, PC, Xbox, the GameCube and Game Boy Advance.
*"Batman Begins" for the
PlayStation 2, Xbox, GameCube and Game Boy Advance(2005).
*"" (2008) A videogame in the style of "
Lego Star Wars" based on the LEGO Batmantoyline.
*"The Dark Knight" (2008) Planned video game based on the 2008 box office smash, rumored to be released around the time of the home release of the movie.
*"" (2009) for the
Xbox 360, Playstation 3, and Windows PC.Batman appears in "Justice League Task Force" Super Nintendofighting game, a couple of "Justice League" games for Game Boy Advance, and an arcade game based on Tim Burton's original movie. Also, the 16-bit Sega game " The Revenge of Shinobi" features a (non-authorized) Batman as a boss. He appears in the " Justice League Heroes" game for PS2, Xbox, and PSP and will appear in the crossover game Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe[http://www.computerandvideogames.com/article.php?id=187207] .
Games, action figures, and other toys
Batman is one of the few fictional characters that can be defined by his toys and merchandising. The first boom started in
1966during the hit television series, and since then, along with every major movie or cartoon series has come a wave of toys, collectibles, and just about any other merchandise imaginable. Over the years, hundreds of Batman action figures, die-cast models, and other miscellaneous items have reserved the store shelves. Of the many companies that have acquired the rights to make Batman merchandise, some of the most well known include:
* Ideal -
* Mego - Action figures and
* Corgi - Die-cast metal
Remco- Playsets and roleplaying toys
Toy Biz- Action figures
Ertl- Die-cast figures & vehicles and model kits
* Applause -
PVCfigures and dolls
Hasbro- Action figures
* Monogram -
Mattel- Action figures and jigsaw puzzles
Lego- Building bricks and minifigures
Batman has appeared as a
HeroClixfigure along with other Batman characters in the following HeroClix sets:
* Cosmic Justice
For April 2006, Lego introduced a Batman line which also includes characters such as the Joker and
Two-Face, at American International Toy Fair.
Theme park attractions
Six Flagstheme parks, formerly owned by Warner Bros., opened live-action "Batman Stunt Shows" as the movies increased in popularity. Six Flags Great Adventurein Jackson, New Jerseyis home to a looping, suspended roller coasternamed "Batman: The Ride" Six Flags Mexicoin Mexico city, Mexicohas also a looping, suspended roller coasternamed "Batman: The Ride" ( Six Flags Saint Louishas the same ride, as does Six Flags Great Americain Gurnee, Illinois) as well as twin roller coasters named "Batman and Robin: The Chiller." On the latter attraction, riders may ride on either the Batman or Robin versions of the coaster. But unfortunately in the 2007 offseason, the ride was removed after a long history of technical difficulties and occasionally breaking down. Six Flags Over Georgiacontains a Gotham City area that contains the same "Batman: The Ride" and also features a looping coaster called "The Mindbender" that was adapted to fit the color tone of The Riddlerafter " Batman Forever" came out to fit the Gotham Citysection of the park it shares with "Batman: The Ride". Six Flags Magic Mountainin Valencia, Californiahas two Batman-themed coasters, the suspended coaster "Batman: The Ride," and "The Riddler's Revenge," a stand-up type roller coaster. This Six Flags park also features an entire themed area called "Gotham City" complete with architecture to match that of the fictional Gotham City. Warner Bros. Movie Worldin the Gold Coast, Australia, also has two Batman-themed rides. Batman Adventure - The Ride, revamped in 2001, is a motion simulatorstyle simulator ride while Batwing Spaceshotis a vertical free-fall ride. In 2008, Six Flags Great Adventure,and Six Flags Great America, will receive The Dark Knight Coaster, based on the newest Batman film coming out in July. They will be Wild Mouse roller coasters, indoors, heavily themed, and give you a feeling that you are being stalked by The Joker. They will all be expected to be open by Memorial Day weekend. Six Flags New Englandwas originally going to receive this Roller Coaster, however due to problems with building permits, the park scratched the project.
* [http://www.batman.com/ Warner Bros. official Batman.com]
* [http://www.batmanshop.com/ Warner Bros. official Batman Shop]
* [http://www2.warnerbros.com/batmanbegins/index.html "Batman Begins" official site]
* [http://www.batman-superman.com/batman/index.html The New Batman Adventures] — Official Warner Bros. site
* " [http://www.batmantas.com/ Batman: The Animated Series] " — Official site
* " [http://www.batmanbeyond.com/HTML/index.html Batman Beyond] " — Official site
* " [http://www.freewebs.com/batman_themusical/ Dark Knight of the Soul (Batman: The Musical Memorial)] " — Collects all known information about this canceled project, as well as Steinman's demo recordings
* [http://www.imdb.com/find?q=batman;s=all Batman Films and TV series] at
The Internet Movie Database
* [http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/B/htmlB/batman/batman.htm Encyclopedia of Television]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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