Bioengineering


Bioengineering

Bioengineering (also known as Biological Engineering) is the application of engineering principles to address challenges in the fields of biology and medicine. As a study, it encompasses biomedical engineering and it is related to biotechnology.

Bioengineering applies engineering principles to the full spectrum of living systems. This is achieved by utilising existing methodologies in such fields as molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, cytology, immunology and neuroscience and applies them to the design of medical devices, diagnostic equipment, biocompatible materials, and other important medical needs.

Bioengineering is not limited to the medical field. Bioengineers have the ability to exploit new opportunities and solve problems within the domain of complex systems. They have a great understanding of living systems as complex systems which can be applied to many fields including entrepreneurship.

Much as other engineering disciplines also address human health (e.g., prosthetics in mechanical engineering), bioengineers can apply their expertise to other applications of engineering and biotechnology, including genetic modification of plants and microorganisms, bioprocess engineering, and biocatalysis. However, the Main Fields of Bioengineering may be categorised as:

* Biomedical Engineering; Biomedical technology; Biomedical Diagnosis, Biomedical Therapy, Biomechanics, Biomaterials.
* Genetic Engineering; Cell Engineering, Tissue Culture Engineering.

The word was invented by British scientist and broadcaster Heinz Wolf in 1954. [http://www.heinzwolff.co.uk/]

"Bioengineering" is also the term used to describe the use of vegetation in civil engineering construction.

The term bioengineering may also be applied to environmental modifications such as surface soil protection, slope stabilisation, watercourse and shoreline protection, windbreaks, vegetation barriers including noise barriers and visual screens, and the ecological enhancement of an area.

ee also

*Advanced life support systems
*Agricultural engineering
*Bio-based materials
*Biocatalysis
*Biocompatible material (Biomaterials)
*Bioinformatics
*Biomaterials
*Biomechanics
*Bionics
*Biosensors
*Biotechnology
*Cryobiology
*Drug delivery
*Metabolic engineering
*Molecular engineering
*Neural Network
*Neuroengineering
*Orthopedic implants
*Production and purification of biopharmaceuticals
*Protein design
*Stem cell research
*Synthetic biology
*Systems biology
*Tissue Engineering

External links

* [http://www.aimbe.org/ American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering]
* [http://www.asabe.org/ American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers]
* [http://www.aiche.org/sbe/index.aspx Society for Biological Engineering] part of AIChE
* [http://www.bioeng.yildiz.edu.tr/ Yildiz Technical University Bioengineering Department]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bioengineering — ist die Anwendung von Prinzipien der Ingenieur und Naturwissenschaften auf Gewebe, Zellen und Moleküle. Bioengineering unterscheidet sich von Biotechnologie, welche sich mit der Umsetzung biologischer Kenntnisse für industrielle Verfahren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bioengineering — i o*en*gin*eer ing n. 1. biological science applied to the study the relation between workers and their environments. Syn: ergonomics. [WordNet 1.5] 2. the application of engineeering principles to solve problems in medicine, such as the design… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bioengineering —  Bioengineering  Биоинженерия (биомедицинская инженерия)   Инженерная дисциплина, использующая накопленные знания и опыт для нахождения и решения проблем биологии и медицины. Предусматривает углубление знаний в области инженерии, биологии и… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • bioengineering — ► NOUN 1) another term for GENETIC ENGINEERING(Cf. ↑genetic engineering). 2) the use of artificial tissues or organs in the body. 3) the use in engineering or industry of organisms or biological processes. DERIVATIVES bioengineer noun & verb …   English terms dictionary

  • bioengineering — [bī΄ōen΄jə nir′iŋ] n. a science dealing with the application of engineering science and technology to problems of biology and medicine bioengineer n …   English World dictionary

  • bioengineering — bioengineer, n. /buy oh en jeuh near ing/, n. 1. Also called biomedical engineering. the application of engineering principles and techniques to problems in medicine and biology, as the design and production of artificial limbs and organs. 2. the …   Universalium

  • bioengineering — [[t]ba͟ɪoʊenʤɪnɪ͟ərɪŋ[/t]] 1) N UNCOUNT People sometimes use bioengineering to talk about genetic engineering. 2) N UNCOUNT Bioengineering is the use of engineering techniques to solve medical problems, for example to design and make artificial… …   English dictionary

  • bioengineering — biomedical engineering i o*med i*cal en gin*eer ing n. The application of engineeering principles to solve problems in medicine, such as the design of artificial limbs or organs; called also {bioengineering}. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bioengineering — noun Date: circa 1954 1. biological or medical application of engineering principles or engineering equipment called also biomedical engineering 2. the application of biological techniques (as genetic recombination) to create modified versions of …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • bioengineering — noun The applications of the principles of engineering to any of the biological or medical sciences See Also: bioengineer …   Wiktionary


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