- Foreign relations of Romania
Since December 1989,
Romaniahas pursued a policy of strengthening relations with the West in general, more specifically with the United Statesand the European Union.
Romania joined the
International Monetary Fundand the World Bankin 1972, and is a member of the World Trade Organization. It joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) on March 29, 2004and the European Union(EU) on January 1, 2007.
The current government has stated its goal of strengthening ties with and helping other
Eastern European countries (in particular Moldova, Ukraineand Georgia) with the process of integration with the West. Romania has also made clear over the past 10 years that it supports NATO and EU membership for the democratic former Soviet republics in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus.
It joined the
European Union(EU) on January 1, 2007.
Romania also declared its public support for
Turkeyand Croatiajoining the European Union. Romania shares a privileged economic relation with Turkey.
Romania has developed strong relations with
Hungary, with the latter playing a key role in supporting Romania's bid to join the EU. Romania's ethnic Hungarian party also participates in the current governing coalition.
It joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) on
March 29, 2004.
In December 2005, President
Traian Băsescuand U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Ricesigned an agreement that would allow a U.S. military presence at several Romanian facilities primarily in the eastern part of the country. [ [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35722.htm U.S. Department of State - Background]
Moldovaare rather special, considering that the two countries share the language, and a fairly common historical background. Signs in the early 1990s that Romania and Moldova might unite after both countries achieved emancipation from communist rule quickly faded. Romania remains interested in Moldovan affairs, but the two countries have been unable even to reach agreement on a basic bilateral treaty; Romania is insistent (against determined Moldovan resistance) that such a treaty would have to refer to Romania and Moldova's 'special relationship'.
Military relations and peacekeeping missions
Romania was a partner to the allied forces during the
Gulf war, particularly during its service as president of the UN Security Council. Romania has been active in peacekeeping operations in UNAVEMin Angola, IFOR/ SFORin Bosnia, in Albania, in Afghanistanand has sent 860 troops in Iraqafter the invasion led by the United States.
United Nations' sanctions against the Yugoslavia. Despite divisions within the Parliament and among the people, Romania supported NATO in the Kosovo campaign and granted approval for NATO to overfly Romanian airspace. It was the first country to enroll in NATO's Partnership for Peaceprogram, later joining NATO in 2004.
Romania also is a member of the
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe(OSCE) and the North Atlantic Cooperation Council(NACC).
In 1996, Romania signed and ratified a basic bilateral treaty with Hungary that settled outstanding disagreements, laying the foundation for closer, more cooperative relations. In June 1997, Romania signed a bilateral treaty with Ukraine that, among other concerned, resolved territorial and minority issues that had impeded the development of improved relations between the two countries.
Romania has been actively involved in regional organizations, such as the
Southeast Europe Cooperation Initiative(SECI) and the Stability Pact for Southeast Europe, and has played a key role in supporting stability and cooperation in the area.
Romania maintains good diplomatic relations with Israel and was supportive of the
Middle Eastpeace negotiations initiated after the Gulf conflict in 1991. Romania also is a founding member of the Black Sea Consortium for Economic Development.
Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia in February 2008, Romania has decided not to recognize it [http://www.gov.ro/presa/afis-doc.php?idpresa=59417&idrubricapresa=1&idrubricaprimm=&idtema=&tip=&pag=&dr=&opti=print Prime Minister Calin Popescu Tariceanu's speech in front of the Romanian Parliament (romanian)]
Disputes - international
* Dispute with
Ukraineover "Insula şerpilor" (Snake Island - aprox 50 km east of Sulina) and its continental shelfof the Black Seaunder which significant gas and oil deposits may exist; agreed in 1997 to two-year negotiating period, after which either party can refer dispute to the International Court of Justice.
* Dispute with Ukraine over the construction of the
* Dispute with
Russiaover the Romanian Treasure.
This are the international organizations which Romania is a part of:
ACCT, BIS, BSEC, CE, CEI,
EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EEA, EU, FAO, Francophonie. G-9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NSG, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SECI, SEECP, SPSEE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, Zangger Committee
List of diplomatic missions in Romania
Romanian diplomatic missions
Romanian Armed Forces
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