- Stop Snitchin'
Stop Snitchin' refers to a controversial 2004 campaign launched in Baltimore, United States to persuade criminal informants to stop "snitching," or informing, to law enforcement. Public officials, activists and media outlets say that it is a campaign used by criminals to frighten people with information from reporting their activities to the police.
While the slogan "Stop Snitchin'" had existed since at least 1999, when it was used by Boston-based rapper Tangg da Juice, the Stop Snitchin' campaign first gained national attention in late 2004 in Baltimore, Maryland, when a DVD released by Rodney Bethea titled "Stop Snitching!" began to circulate. In some footage, a number of men claiming to be drug dealers address the camera, and threaten violence against anyone who reports what they know about their crimes to the authorities. This threat is directed especially towards those who inform on others to get a lighter sentence for their own crimes. Notably, NBA star Carmelo Anthony, a former Baltimore resident and now a part of the New York Knicks basketball team, appeared in the video.
In subsequent interviews, Anthony claimed that his appearance in the video was a joke, the product of his neighborhood friends making a home movie. Anthony claims that the film's message should not be taken seriously. The publicity of Stop Snitchin' actually helped to identify several corrupt police officers in the Baltimore area such as former BPD officers William King and Antonio Murray who were sentenced to 315 and 139 years in prison, respectively, following an investigation caused by the DVD which identified the officers as drug traffickers.
As the DVD spread across the country, corresponding shirts became popular in urban youth fashion. The shirts typically show a stop sign emblazoned with the words "Stop Snitchin'." Some shirts bear bullet holes, implying that snitches should (or will) be shot, thus referencing its associated catchphrase "snitches get stitches". The shirts have been more widely circulated than the original DVD.
The Diplomats, a Harlem, New York-based rap group, made their own version of the Stop Snitchin' shirts, with their logo on the end of the short sleeves. Another such shirt says "I'll never Tell." A new breed of shirts appeared for sale in flea markets and bazaars in south Dallas, Texas in mid 2010. The new shirts extolled the benefits of "keeping yo' mouth shut" in regards to a trial involving one "Fifi/Lisa" and one "Baldy/Red". Further details of the trial, including a list of various charges set forth on the couple, are listed on the back of the shirt.
The video's creator, Rodney Thomas, a.k.a. "Skinny Suge," pleaded guilty to first degree assault on January 17, 2006, in Baltimore and was sentenced to 15 years in prison, with all but three years suspended.
National examples of violence due to "snitching" include Angela Dawson of Baltimore, who was killed along with her five children and husband on October 16, 2002, when their house was firebombed after she alerted police to illegal activities in the area. Another example is Terry Neely of Phoenix, Arizona, a 46-year-old man confined to a motorized wheelchair who was tortured for days and then killed by Angela Simpson in August 2009. A third example is Michael Brewer of Deerfield Beach, Florida, a 15-year-old who, in October 2009, was doused in rubbing alcohol and set on fire after assailants yelled, "He's a snitch, he's a snitch."
In response to the video, the Baltimore Police department created their own campaign, "Keep Talkin'", which used free DVDs and T-shirts in a method similar to that of the Stop Snitchin' campaign. Its goal was to assure potential state witnesses of their safety from retaliation and stress the importance of imprisoning lawbreakers.
In Pittsburgh, Rayco Saunders was to be a witness against three men charged with plotting to kill him. But he showed up in court wearing a shirt that said "Stop Snitching" and refused to cooperate with prosecutors. Charges against the men were dismissed.
Fox News began airing responses to Stop Snitchin' called "Step Up and Speak Out".
Left-wing activist rapper Immortal Technique gave a well-known interview to XXL in which he contended that Blacks and Latinos should not snitch until police officers begin informing on each other for brutality and agents of the American government take responsibility for their actions.
Rapper Cam'ron was featured on the April 22, 2007 edition of the television news program 60 Minutes, and was interviewed by Anderson Cooper about the "Stop Snitching" campaign. When asked if he would tell the police if a serial killer was living next to him, he replied "I would probably move," but he wouldn't inform the police. Cam'ron was a victim of a shooting that revealed no leads or clues because he refused to give police information about the suspect, claiming it would hurt his business and violate his "code of ethics." According to NYPD records, Cam'ron has cooperated with police in the past.
Multiple rappers have made songs promoting the movement such as Obie Trice, Ice Cube ("Stop Snitchin'" on Laugh Now, Cry Later), The Game and Mac Dre. Lil Wayne has a song called "Snitch" from his album, Tha Carter and The Game has titled one of his mixtape albums/DVD, Stop Snitchin, Stop Lyin.
Boston mayor Thomas Menino announced that he would begin confiscating Stop Snitchin' shirts from local stores. Though Menino rapidly backed away from mandatory confiscation to endorse voluntary removal of the shirts by store owners, his proposals sparked considerable controversy locally and nationally. Though many saw the initiative as ineffective, counterproductive, or misleading, some community members of high crime areas such as Dorchester defended the move as important to conquering fear on the streets and assisting in criminal prosecutions.
A spokesperson for the American Civil Liberties Union rapidly opposed Menino's confiscation plan, claiming that it would violate the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment guarantee of free speech, in addition to violating rights granted by the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments. The shirts gained attention in Boston in 2004 when the mother of an alleged gang member (and a number of other spectators) wore the shirt during her son's trial for the shooting death of 10-year-old Trina Persad Suffolk Superior Court Judge Margaret R. Hinkle successfully banned the shirts from the courtroom as a witness intimidation tactic.
An Antonio Ansaldi store in Dorchester, Massachusetts removed Stop Snitchin' shirts from shelves after Marco Antonio Ennis, who owns the store and manufactures the shirts, met with the mayor, community members, and relatives of recent homicide victims. Other stores, including Bargain T and T in Roxbury have agreed to cease selling the shirts. The controversy, however, seems to have increased the demand for the shirts, though changed the demographic of their wearers towards the suburbs and away from the inner city.
The Stop Snitchin' debate was revived when a Boston judge banned the shirts from all state courthouses, also disallowing cameraphones in the interest of witness protection.
The Stop Snitchin' shirts have inspired parodies including "Stop Menino", "Start Snitchin'", "STOP Stop Snitching", "Yield to Snitching", and "Stop Stop Stop Stop Snitching" shirt.
The Snitching Project
The Snitching Project, led by Dr. Rick Frei at the Community College of Philadelphia, is an ongoing student-driven interdisciplinary research initiative aimed at developing a better understanding of the snitching phenomenon and facilitating community discussion through education. The project is sponsored by the Fox Rothschild Center for Law and Society.
Begun as an educational project 2007, the Snitching Project relies on inner city students, who are on the front lines of the Stop Snitching culture, to collect data regarding attitudes towards snitching, as well as dispositional and situational variables that might influence a person's propensity to cooperate with police.
In January 2010, in response to scathing investagatory series on the Philadelphia court system in the Philadelphia Inquirer, Frei testified before U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs about the relationship between the Stop Snitching phenomonon and other forms of witness intimidation. Frei and his students have appeared as panelists on a number of local and national television and radio programs (TruTV), as well as academic conferences. In November 2010, the students organized their own conference on the topic, entitled "The Snitching Phenomenon and Witness Intimidation: Examining Silence About Crime", which was attended by nearly 1000 students and community members in Philadelphia Speakers included noted Pulitzer Prize-nominated mob author George Anastasia, head of security for the Comcast Center Jim Birch, and Philadelphia Assistant District Attorney Edward McCann.
The Project also sponsors a student-created and edited wiki, which includes copies of past surveys, results from the data collection effort, an extensive history of snitching, and links to relevant web sites and articles on the topic of snitching.
- Omertà - A concept among members of the Mafia and its associated communities that endorses non-compliance and silence towards criminal investigation. It is comprehensive in its influence and methods in places where the Mafia is at work.
- Blue Code of Silence - Refers to police officers' internal prohibition on giving information about wrongdoing by other officers, especially in brutality cases.
- ""Witness Intimidation and the Snitching Project"" by Rick Frei, Written Testimony submitted to the Subcommittee on Drugs and Crime, U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, January 8, 2010.
- "America's Most Wanted". "Stop Snitching": Perpetuating A Culture Of Violence - Retrieved Feb 1, 2006.
- "The Barbershop Notebooks - Marc Lamont Hill Snitching and its effects on society.
- "Boston Phoenix Newspaper "It's gotta be the shirts" - By David S. Bernstein
- "Stop Snitchin', rapper Cam'ron: Snitchin' Hurts His Business: Code of Ethics
- ""Deadly Silence: Stop Snitching's Fatal Legacy"" by Ayah Young, Wiretap Magazine.
- ""Snitch: Informants, Cooperators and the Corruption of Justice"" by Ethan Brown, Public Affairs Books, 2007.
- ^ Kahn, Jeremy (April 2007). "The Story of a Snitch". The Atlantic. http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200704/stop-snitching.
- ^ a b "'Stop Snitching' Auteur Sentenced To Three Years, Assault", WJLA, Jan 19, 2006
- ^ Phil Mushnick, "Tales of the Gun Poorly Covered", New York Post, Dec 31, 2006, also "Carmelo Anthony Featured In Drug Video", The Denver Channel, Dec 2, 2004
- ^ Victor Blaswell, "Stop Snitchin' Movement Keeps Criminals on the Streets", First Coast News, Jul 24, 2006
- ^ "Carmelo Anthony Featured In Drug Video", The Denver Channel, Dec 2, 2004
- ^ ""ANTONIO MOSBY SENTENCED FOR CONSPIRACY TO DISTRIBUTE HEROIN"". http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/md/Public-Affairs/press_releases/press06/Mosby%20Sentenced%20for%20Heroin%20Consp.html. , United States Attorney's Office For The District of Maryland (September 15th, 2006)
- ^ ""Former detective sentenced to more than 315 years"". http://www.examiner.com/a-152647~Former_detective_sentenced_to_more_than_315_years.html?setEdition=Phoenix. , The Examiner (June 17th, 2006)
- ^ See Christine Armario, When Murder Witnesses Remain Mum, Chicago Tribune, March 16, 2008.
- ^ http://www.azfamily.com//news/local/stories/phoenix-news-082809-angela-simpson-indicted.1257fb91b.html
- ^ "Police: Juveniles laughed after setting 15-year-old on fire - CNN.com". CNN. October 14, 2009. http://www.cnn.com/2009/CRIME/10/13/florida.teen.burned/index.html. Retrieved May 24, 2010.
- ^ "'Keep Talking' part of strategy using direct communication to fight crime", Baltimore Police Department, Nov.5, 2005
- ^ Banks, Gabrielle (2005-10-08). "'Stop Snitchin' shirts stopping criminal trials". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. http://www.thepittsburghchannel.com/news/14880042/detail.html. Retrieved 2007-05-08.
- ^ "Immortal Technique: Rock The Boat (Part I)" Interview with Immortal Technique, XXL Magazine, 2006-04-04
- ^ a b DRUDGE REPORT FLASH 2008
- ^ Rapper's Change Of Face - April 19, 2007
- ^ "ACLU says T-shirt tied to free speech"
- ^ http://news.bostonherald.com/localRegional/view.bg?articleid=115135
- ^ "Despite city crackdown, interest in T-shirts high, store owners say", Boston Globe, December 10, 2006
- ^ "Top judge fights courtroom intimidation". Associated Press via Boston Herald. 2006-01-11. http://news.bostonherald.com/localRegional/view.bg?articleid=120906.
- ^ http://stopstopstopsnitching.com/
- ^ Community College of Philadelphia Fox Rothschild Center for Law and Society Web Site
- ^ Doron Taussig, "To Snitch, or Not to Snitch? A Community College class tries to understand the question that's dividing the city", Philadelphia City Paper, 2008-02-20
- ^ Craig McCoy, Nancy Phillips, Dylan Purcell, "Justice: Delayed, Dismissed, Denied", Philadelphia Inquirer, 2009-12-02
- ^ Rick Frei,"Witness Intimidation and the Snitching Project: Written Testimony Presented to the U.S. Senate Subcommitee on Crime and Drugs, U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary", 2010-01-08
- ^ Shh! Silence and the Law Events: Fox-Rothschild Center for Law and Society at Community College of Philadelphia
- ^ The Snitching Project Wiki at Community College of Philadelphia
- Stop Snitching DVD One of the main websites responsible for selling the Stop Snitching DVDs.
- Stop Snitchin.com One of the websites of 'Let Us Live Entertainment,' a Boston based recording label whose artists promote noncooperation with the police.
- Grits for Breakfast is weblog whose author, Scott Henson, has written extensively on the topic of use and abuse of informants by law enforcement as well as the "stop snitching" movement.
- Fields/Wolfe Crime Stopper Memorial Fund A mother's website created after her son was murdered for being a witness in a murder trail in which the accused were seen wearing Stop Snitchin' t-shirts. The mothers were resilient in their search for the current defendants and have been involved in creating legislation to protect witnesses of violent crimes in Colorado.
- ""Snitch: Informants, Cooperators and the Corruption of Justice"" by Ethan Brown, Public Affairs Books, 2007.
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