- Earl of Chester
The Earldom of Chester was one of the most powerful earldoms in
medieval England. Since 1301 the title has generally been given to heirs-apparent to the English throne, and from the late 14th century it has been given only in conjunction with that of Prince of Wales.
Traditional power base
Cheshire belonged to the powerful Earls of Chester from the late eleventh century, and they held land all over England called 'the honour of Chester'. By the late twelfth century they had established a position of power as rulers of Cheshire that formed the basis of the later notion of the 'county palatine'.
The earldom reverted to the Crown in 1237 on the death of
John the Scot, Earl of Huntingdon, seventh and last of the Earls. It was annexed to the Crown in 1246. King Henry III then passed the Lordship of Chester, but not the title of Earl, to his son the Lord Edward in 1254, and as King Edward I he conferred the title and the lands of the Earldom first on son, Edward, the first English Prince of Wales. By that time the Earldom of Chester consisted of two counties: Cheshireand Flintshire.
The establishment of royal control at Chester made possible King Edward I's conquest of
north Wales, and Chesterplayed a vital part as a supply base during the Welsh Wars (1275-84), so the separate organisation of a county palatine was preserved. This continued until the time of King Henry VIII. Since 1301 the Earldom of Chester has always been conferred on the Princes of Wales.
Briefly promoted to a
principalityin 1398 by King Richard II, it was reduced to an earldom again in 1399 by King Henry IV. Whereas the Sovereign's eldest son is born Duke of Cornwallhe must be made or created Earl of Chester (and Prince of Wales; see the "Prince Henry's Charter Case" (1611) 1 Bulst 133; 80 ER 827). Prince Charles was created Earl of Chester on 26 July 1958, when he was also made Prince of Wales and Earl of Carrick.
The independent palatinate jurisdiction of Chester survived until the time of King Henry VIII (1536), when the earldom was brought under the control of the Crown. The palatinate courts of Great Sessions and Exchequer survived until the reforms of 1830.
The importance of the Royal County of Chester is shown by the survival of
Chester Herald, in the College of Arms, for some six hundred years. The office, currently held by Timothy Hugh Stewart Duke, has anciently been nominally under the jurisdiction of Norroy King of Arms.
List of the Earls of Chester
First Creation (
Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester(d. 1101)
Richard d'Avranches, 2nd Earl of Chester( 1094- 1120)
econd Creation (
Ranulph le Meschin, 1st Earl of Chester(d. c. 1129)
Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester(d. c. 1153)
Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester( 1147- 1181)
Ranulph de Blondeville, 4th Earl of Chester(c. 1172- 1232)
Third Creation (
*John de Scotia, 9th Earl of Huntingdon, 1st Earl of Chester (c.
*Edward, Lord of Chester, but without the title of earl (
1239- 1307) (became King in 1272)
Fourth Creation (
*Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl of Chester (
1208- 1265) (forfeit 1265)
(There is no evidence that Alphonso, elder son of Edward I, was created earl of Chester, although he was styled as such)
Fifth Creation (
*Edward of Caernarvon, Earl of Chester (
1284- 1327) (became King in 1307)
ixth Creation (
*Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Chester (
1312- 1377) (became King in 1327)
"Thereafter, the Earldom of Chester was created in conjunction with the Principality of Wales. See
Prince of Walesfor further Earls of Chester."
*BE Harris, "Administrative History" in CR Elrington (ed), The Victoria County History of Chester (University of London Institute of Historical Research, London, 1979) vol II 1-97
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Earl of Chester — Die Grafschaft Chester (englisch Earldom of Chester) war eine der mächtigsten Herrschaften im mittelalterlichen England. Seit 1301 wurde der Titel eines Earl of Chester üblicherweise dem Thronerben gegeben, ab dem späten 14. Jahrhundert war er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester — Ranulf IV, also known as Sir Ranulph de Meschines or Ranulph de Gernon inherited his palatine earldom in 1128 aged 28, upon the death of his father who was descended from the Counts of Bayeux, Calvados Normandy. Infobox succession combo subject… … Wikipedia
Ranulph de Gernon, 2. Earl of Chester — Ranulf IV. le Meschin  genannt Ranulf von Gernon oder Ranulf II. von Chester (* um 1099 auf Burg Gernon in der Normandie; † 16. Dezember 1153 in Chester) war Earl of Chester und Vizegraf von Avranches. Er war der Sohn von Ranulf III. le… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ranulf de Blondeville, 4. Earl of Chester — Teil des Siegels von Ranulf de Blondeville als Earl of Lincoln Ranulf de Blondeville, 4. Earl of Chester, 1. Earl of Lincoln (* unsicher: 1172 Oswestry (Album Monasterium, Blonde Ville); † 28. Oktober 1232 Wallingford, Berkshire) war der 4. Earl… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Richard d'Avranches, 2. Earl of Chester — Richard d’Avranches, 2. Earl of Chester (* 1094; † 25. November 1120 bei Barfleur (White Ship)) war der Sohn von Hugh d Avranches, 1. Earl of Chester und Vizegraf von Avranches, und Ermentrude von Clermont. Er war erst sieben Jahre alt, als sein… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hugh de Kevelioc, 3. Earl of Chester — (* 1147; † 30. Juni 1181 in Leek (Staffordshire)) war der Sohn von Ranulph de Gernon, 2. Earl of Chester und Maud FitzRobert von Gloucester. Man geht davon aus, dass er seinen Namen von seinem Geburtsort Kevelioc in Monmouthshire hat, eine andere … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester — (1147 ndash; June 30, 1181) was the son of Ranulph de Gernon, 2nd Earl of Chester and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (otherwise known as Robert de Caen, the illegitimate son of Henry I of England, making her Henry… … Wikipedia
Hugh d'Avranches, 1. Earl of Chester — Hugh d’Avranches, 1. Earl of Chester († 27. Juli 1101) war einer der großen Barone des frühen normannischen England. Er war der Sohn von Richard Goz, Vizegraf von Avranches im äußersten Südwesten der Normandie. Er erbte von seinem Vater einen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester — (died July 27, 1101) was one of the great magnates of early Norman England. Early career Hugh was the son of Richard Goz, Viscount of Avranches, in the far southwest of Normandy, and inherited from his father a large estate, not just in the… … Wikipedia
Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester — otherwise known as Ranulf III de Meschines (1170 ndash; 1232) was one of the old school of Anglo Norman barons whose loyalty to the Angevin dynasty was consistent but contingent on the receipt of lucrative favours. He was described as almost the… … Wikipedia