- Terry Ellis (manager)
:"This article refers to Jethro Tull producer Terry Ellis. For the
En Voguesinger, see Terry Ellis.
Ellis was born in
Hertfordshire, England. He graduated from the University of Newcastle upon Tynewith an honours degree in Mathematics and Metallurgy. He began booking concerts at colleges on a part time basis in 1967 and later that year he got into business with Chris Wright forming the Ellis-Wright Agency. In 1968 they expanded their activities to include artist management with Terry managing Clouds and Jethro Tull, and Chris managing Ten Years Afterand Procol Harum. He produced several Jethro Tull records: " This Was", "Aqualung" and "Stand Up".
After buying out Terry Ellis in 1985, Chris Wright sold the
Chrysalis Recordslabel to EMIin 1991.
Ellis took a
sciencedegree at university, but while there he began writing music journalism for a college paper. [D.A. Pennebaker, director's commentary on Region 1 DVD of "Dont Look Back".] In 1965, his attempt at interviewing Bob Dylanwas filmed for D.A. Pennebaker's film " Dont Look Back"; Dylan is shown in an intellectual joust with Ellis in a circular conversation that is at times good natured, and at other times tense.
Subsequently, Ellis developed one of the most successful track records in contemporary music for discovering, developing and exploiting the commercial potential of young recording artists. With his partner, Chris Wright, he built a small artist booking agency into one of the most successful independent groups of companies in the music industry with subsidiaries involved in artist management, booking, recording studios, record labels, music publishing, concert promotion and venue management. In one capacity or another their company, Chrysalis, represented every important influence in British music in the 1970s. In addition to artists that it directly managed, Chrysalis booked
Led Zeppelin, Jeff Beck, Roxy Music, Curved Air, Yes and King Crimson, signed David Bowieto a music publishing contract, entered the recording studio business with Sir George Martin (The Beatles producer), directed concert tours and for a time ran London’s legendary Rainbow Theatre.
By 1969 Ellis had started to produce albums, combining his creative vision with his business acumen into a career unique to the contemporary music industry. His productions include all of the early Jethro Tull albums and based on their success, he and his partner formed Chrysalis Records. The label established itself as a reference point for high quality contemporary rock, folk and pop music attracting artists like Jethro Tull, Clouds, Ten Years After, Procol Harum, Robin Trower, Leo Sayer, Spandau Ballet, Steeleye Span and numerous others who achieved significant success through Chrysalis and its licensees around the world.
By the end of 1974, Chrysalis was firmly established as one of the leading independent record labels and music publishers in the world. Terry Ellis moved to Los Angeles to build the American arm of the group and to give it a more focused identity. He continued to build on Chrysalis’s track record for credible music whilst applying his philosophy of maintaining a close personal involvement with all aspects of his signed artists’ careers. By way of examples, having seen an unknown New York based punk rock group, he purchased their contract from a small record label that could not afford to market them properly. That group is Blondie and their first single on Chrysalis was a hit in 35 countries.
Also in New York, he heard Pat Benatar in a small club; she went on to sell millions of records, so did Huey Lewis and The News, a rock band from San Francisco. After the break up of UK punk band, Generation X, Terry Ellis took the lead singer to America and launched the career of Billy Idol. In each of these cases, and there are others, the common factor was Terry Ellis’ personal devotion of time, effort and career planning that took the artists to international success. Yet it is ironic that the first band he ever signed to management - Clouds - had their career founder because of lack of management supervision. This was mainly bad luck and timing, for the Chrysalis empire began to rapidly expand at that very moment, and the success of Jethro Tull also meant that Terry Ellis could not devote the time he typically wanted to spend on his artistes.
During the 1970s, Ellis dated singer Karen Carpenter, she also lived with him for a short time. However differences in lifestyle proved to be too much of a gap for the couple to sustain a viable relationship. He was also approached by Karen's brother Richard as a possible replacement for the Carpenters then manager Sherwin Bash. However it was considered to be a conflict of interest between Chrysalis(his label) and A&M ( The Carpenters label.) So he declined the offer. Not to mention Debbie Harry of Blondie was considered to be one of Karen Carpenter's main rivals at the time.
In 1980, Terry Ellis set up a new Chrysalis division, Chrysalis Visual Programming. He made the music industry’s first ever sell-through long form VHS video album with Blondie’s Eat To The Beat (which was re-released in a remastered limited edition CD/DVD release in late June 2007). He went on to produce other long form videos including one featuring comedian, Billy Connolly, produced two made-for-TV movies and developed the award winning TV series Max Headroom, still considered by critics on both sides of the Atlantic to be one of the most innovative television series in recent history.Reflecting his stature in the music industry, Terry Ellis was elected Chairman of the Record Industry Association of America (RIAA) for a two year term and remains the only non-American to have been elected to this prestigious office. He has also held the Chairmanship of the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) and served for five years as a member of the International Federation of Phonographic Industries (IFPI). In 1985, Terry Ellis dissolved his association with Chrysalis selling his interests to his partner. Within a few years, the record division, which Terry had been very influential in creating, had been sold off to EMI Records.
In 1990, Terry Ellis formed Imago Records, a joint venture with BMG. In its four years of operation Terry signed six artists who sold over 100,000 units of their debut album in the US alone: Baby Animals, Captain Hollywood, The Rollins Band, Aimee Mann, Paula Cole, and Love Spit Love. Of those, Baby Animals’ first record sold 500,000 worldwide (4 times platinum in Australia) and the Rollins Band sold 250,000 units in the US on their first and 500,000 on their second albums. The joint venture was dissolved in 1994 with Terry Ellis retaining ownership of the Imago catalogue and artist contracts.
Paula Cole’s second album has had two US top ten singles and has achieved double platinum status; that is sales of 2m units. She was nominated for Grammys in seven major categories including "Album of the Year," "Song of the Year," "Record of the Year" and "Producer of the Year." She was awarded the Grammy for "Best New Artist."
Terry Ellis and his French wife Daniele live in the British Virgin Islands, while their five children live in New York, Montreal, London, and Geneva. He is a member of the Metropolitan Opera Club of New York City and serves on its board of directors. Ellis was also inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and is a governor of the BRIT School of Performing Arts in Croydon, Surrey.
* [http://www.aficionadocellars.com/about_terry.html About Terry Ellis]
* [http://www.uk.chrysalismusic.co.uk/core/about_us_history.cfm Chrysalis History]
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