Robert Herrick (poet)


Robert Herrick (poet)

Infobox Writer
name = Robert Herrick



caption = Robert Herrick, illustration based on "Hesperides" impression.
birthdate = baptised birth date|1591|08|24
birthplace = Cheapside, London, England
deathdate = buried death date and age|1674|10|15|1591|08|24
deathplace = Dean Prior, Devon, England
occupation = Poet and clergyman

Robert Herrick (baptized August 24 1591–buried 15 October 1674 [ [http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Robert_Herrick] .] ) was a 17th century English poet.

Biography

Early life

Born in Cheapside, London, he was the seventh child and fourth son of Nicholas Herrick, a prosperous goldsmith, who fell out of a window when Robert was a year old (whether this was suicide remains unclear). It is likely that he attended Westminster School. In 1607 he became apprenticed to his uncle, Sir William Herrick, who was a goldsmith and jeweler to the king. The apprenticeship ended after only six years when Herrick, at age twenty-two, matriculated at St John's College, Cambridge. He graduated in 1617. Robert Herrick became a member of the Sons of Ben, a group of Cavalier poets centered around an admiration for the works of Ben Jonson.

Civil War

In the wake of the English Civil War, his position was revoked on account of his refusal to make pledge to the Solemn League and Covenant. He then returned to London. During this time, he lived in Westminster, in London, depending on the charity of his friends and family. He spent some time preparing his lyric poems for publication, and had them printed in 1648 under the title "Hesperides; or the Works both Human and Divine of Robert Herrick", with a dedication to the Prince of Wales.

Restoration and later life

When King Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, Herrick petitioned for his own restoration to his living. Perhaps King Charles felt kindly towards this genial man, who had written verses celebrating the births of both Charles II and his brother James before the Civil War. Herrick became the vicar of Dean Prior again in the summer of 1662 and lived there until his death in October 1674, at the ripe age of 83. His date of death is not known, but he was buried on 15 October. Herrick was a bachelor all his life, and many of the women he names in his poems are thought to be fictional. ["Ben Jonson and the Cavalier Poets", ed. Hugh Maclean (New York: Norton, 1974), p. 106.]

Poetic style and stature

His reputation rests on "Hesperides", and the much shorter "Noble Numbers", spiritual works, published together in 1648. He is well-known for his style and, in his earlier works, frequent references to lovemaking and the female body. His later poetry was more of a spiritual and philosophical nature. Among his most famous short poetical sayings are the unique monometers, such as "Thus I / Pass by / And die,/ As one / Unknown / And gone."

Herrick sets out his subject-matter in the poem he printed at the beginning of his collection, "The Argument of his Book". He dealt with English country life and its seasons, village customs, complimentary poems to various ladies and his friends, themes taken from classical writings and a solid bedrock of Christian faith, not intellectualized but underpinning the rest.

Herrick never married, and none of his love-poems seem to connect directly with any one beloved woman. He loved the richness of sensuality and the variety of life, and this is shown vividly in such poems as "Cherry-ripe", "Delight in Disorder" and "Upon Julia’s Clothes".The over-riding message of Herrick’s work is that life is short, the world is beautiful, love is splendid, and we must use the short time we have to make the most of it. This message can be seen clearly in "To the Virgins, to make much of Time", "To Daffodils", "To Blossoms" and "Corinna going a-Maying", where the warmth and exuberance of what seems to have been a kindly and jovial personality comes over strongly.

The opening stanza in one of his more famous poems, "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time", is as follows:

:Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,:Old Time is still a-flying;:And this same flower that smiles today,:Tomorrow will be dying.

This poem is an example of the carpe diem genre; the popularity of Herrick's poems of this kind helped revive the genre.

His poems were not widely popular at the time they were published. His style was strongly influenced by Ben Jonson, by the classical Roman writers, and by the poems of the late Elizabethan age. This must have seemed quite old-fashioned to an audience whose tastes were tuned to the complexities of the metaphysical poets such as John Donne and Andrew Marvell. His works were rediscovered in the early nineteenth century, and have been regularly printed ever since.

The Victorian poet Swinburne described Herrick as "the greatest song writer...ever born of English race". It is certainly true that despite his use of classical allusions and names, his poems are easier for modern readers to understand than those of many of his contemporaries. This is partly because they are less profound, and partly because he expresses his thoughts and feelings with such grace and precision.

ee also

* Country house poems

References

External links

*
* Project Gutenberg e-text: " [http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=1211 Chrysomela: A Selection from the Lyrical Poems of Robert Herrick] "
* Robert Herrick Works:" [http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/herrick/herribib.htm Upon Kings. Poems Upon Several Personages of Honour ...] "
* [http://literalsystems.org/abooks/index.php/Audio-Book/CorinnasGoingA-Maying "Corinna's Going A-Maying" Creative Commons audio recording.]
* [http://literalsystems.org/abooks/index.php/Audio-Book/ToTheVirginsToMakeMuchOfTime "To The Virgins, To Make Much of Time" Creative Commons audio recording.]
* [http://herrick.ncl.ac.uk/ The Complete Poetry of Robert Herrick (with full biography)] Site at Newcastle University for the new edition of Herrick's Poetry
* [http://www.jwwaterhouse.org/themes/browse.aspx?theme=literaturepoetry/herrickrobert/tovirginstomakemuchoftime Waterhouse Paintings of Herrick's Poem "To Virgin, Make Much of Time"]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Herrick — may refer to:* Robert Herrick (novelist) (1868 1938), American novelist * Robert Herrick (poet) (1591 1674), English poet …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Herrick — noun English lyric poet (1591 1674) • Syn: ↑Herrick • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet * * * Robert Herrick [Robert Herrick] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Herrick — can be any of the following:People*Christopher Herrick, organist *James Bryan Herrick, doctor *Margaret Herrick, a past director of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences *Myron Timothy Herrick, politician, 42nd Governor of the US state… …   Wikipedia

  • Herrick, Robert — (baptized Aug. 24, 1591, London, Eng. died October 1674, Dean Prior, Devonshire) English poet. Educated at Cambridge and later ordained, he became known as a poet in the 1620s and by the end of that decade had become a country vicar in Devonshire …   Universalium

  • Robert — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Robert imagesize= caption= pronunciation = IPA|rɑbɚrt, IPA|rɒbɚt, IPA|rɒbɚrt gender = Male meaning = Bright Fame region = Germanic origin = related names = Rob, Dick, Dickey, Robbie, Robin, Rupert and Bert… …   Wikipedia

  • Herrick — noun English lyric poet (1591 1674) • Syn: ↑Robert Herrick • Instance Hypernyms: ↑poet * * * /her ik/, n. 1. Robert, 1591 1674, English poet. 2. Robert, 1868 1938, U.S. noveli …   Useful english dictionary

  • Herrick — [her′ik] Robert 1591 1674; Eng. poet …   English World dictionary

  • Herrick,Robert — Her·rick (hĕrʹĭk), Robert. 1591 1674. English lyric poet whose sensuous, simple works, such as “Delight in Disorder” (1648), are marked by his affinity for Latin verse and the influence of Ben Jonson. He is considered the greatest Cavalier poet.… …   Universalium

  • Herrick, Robert — (1591 1674)    Poet, b. in London, was apprenticed as a goldsmith to his uncle, Sir William H., with whom he remained for 10 years. Thereafter he went to Camb., took orders, and was in 1629 presented by Charles I. to the living of Dean Prior, a… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Herrick — /her ik/, n. 1. Robert, 1591 1674, English poet. 2. Robert, 1868 1938, U.S. novelist. * * * …   Universalium


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