- Zeng Qinghong
Infobox President | name=Zeng Qinghong
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
term_start=March 15, 2003
term_end=March 15, 2008
Ji'an, Jiangxi, China
Communist Party of China
Zeng Qinghong (zh-stpw|s=曾庆红|t=曾慶紅|p=Zēng Qìnghóng|w=Ts'eng Ching-hung) (born July 1939) was the
Vice-President of the People's Republic of Chinafrom 2003 to 2008. He became a member of the Politburo Standing Committee and member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee during the 2002 16th Party Congress. Although he was formally ranked fifth in the nine PSC members, Zeng's actual power was believed to be second only to President Hu Jintao.Fact|date=October 2007 Since the retirement of his patron Jiang Zemin, Zeng was the primary force behind the party's organization and personnel.
A Hakka native of
Ji'an, JiangxiProvince, Zeng was born in July 1939. He graduated from Beijing 101 Middle Schooland the Automatic Control Department, Beijing Institute of Technology. Like the eight other members of the 16th Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee, Zeng is an engineer, a specialist in automatic control systems. He joined the Communist Party of China(CPC) in April 1960. Zeng belongs to the elite group of China's so-called Communist " Crown Prince Party," the children of veteran revolutionaries.
Zeng spent the early part of his career as a technician in the military defense industry in Beijing. He was sent down to do manual labor on PLA bases in Hunan and Guangdong during the
Cultural Revolution. With the opening of the reform era, Zeng joined the State Development and Reform Commission in 1979 and then held a series of management positions in the state petroleum sector.
Climbing the ranks
In 1984, Zeng moved to the Shanghai Municipal Government, where he became a key ally of then-mayor Jiang Zemin. When Jiang was elevated to national leadership in
Beijingfollowing the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, he brought Zeng Qinghong along as his trusted adviser.
As the Deputy director of the General Office of the CPC Central Committee from 1989 to 1993, Zeng guided Jiang, an outsider to national politics, through the inner workings of the party, military and bureaucratic structure in Beijing. He promoted Jiang's leadership and thinking, broadened Jiang's network, and became Jiang's right-hand-man. Over the 1990s, Zeng consolidated control of party organs responsible for the appointment of cadres to important political positions. As head of the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee from 1999-2002, he strengthened Jiang's position by promoting members of the president's "
Shanghai clique" to leading central and regional posts. He also helped advanced Jiang's guiding political philosophy the Three Represents.
Over the next decade, he acquired a fearsome reputation as Jiang's hatchet against rivals. In 1992 he helped bring down the powerful, elder PLA Generals
Yang Shangkunand Yang Baibing,Fact|date=October 2007 who threatened Jiang's support within the military. Then, he used an anti-corruption campaign to orchestrate the downfall of Beijing party secretary and Jiang's foe Chen Xitong.
On July 20, 1999, The Jiang Zemin regime started cracking down
Falun Gong. On July 23, 1999, a person in charge of the CCP Organization Department (the head of the Department Zeng Qinghong or his representative) made a statement to a People's Dailyreporter and requested that the entire CCP should participate in the movement of persecuting Falun Gong. In January 2001, Zeng Qinghong spoke in the center group meeting of the CCP Organization Department and emphasized that Communist Party branches and departments at all levels should participate in the long-term combat with “Falun Gong”. On April 20, 2001, Zeng Qinghong spoke in the 4th Chinese Countryside " Three Represents" Important Thought Study and Education Conference and requested suppressing Falun Gong and reeducating Falun Gong practitioners. Zeng Qinghong’s speech was documented as the CCP Organization Department’s “Document No. 11  Distributed by the CCP Organization Department” and was sent to everywhere in the country for studying.
After the 16th
Party Congressin 2002, he has been a member of the 16th CPC Central Committee, a member of its Political Bureau and of the Politburo Standing Committee, the Party's central decision making body, and a member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee.
On 6 June 2003, Zeng issued an order "not to play or sing '
The Internationale' in any provincial, city or county level party or party member meetings." The move further characterized China's movement away from the traditional norms of communist doctrine.
Although Jiang stepped down from the powerful
Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of Chinato make way for a younger "fourth generation" of leadership led by Hu Jintao, Jiang will probably continue to wield significant influence with the help of Zeng. Due in large measure to Zeng's efforts, six out of the nine new members of the Standing Committee, including Zeng as well as Wu Bangguo, Jia Qinglin, Huang Ju, Wu Guanzheng, and Li Changchunare linked to Jiang's "Shanghai Clique" and considered his protégés. The 22-member Politburo is elected by the Party's central committee. Real power in Communist China lies with this committee, which works as a kind of inner cabinet and groups together the country’s most influential leaders. At the 2002 16th Party Congress, the Standing Committee was expanded to include nine members.
As Jiang Zemin reached the end of his term, many observers speculated that Jiang preferred Zeng Qinghong over Hu Jintao as his successor. But Hu prevailed in succeeding Jiang. Zeng subsequently became Vice-President in March 2003. During the
SARSoutbreak, Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabaotook very strong and assertive action while Zeng and other Jiang loyalists receded to the background. Zeng was also expected to succeed Hu as Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commissionas a condition of Jiang's resignation from the chairmanship in favor of Hu. However, when Jiang stepped down on September 19, 2004, Xu Caihouand not Zeng replaced Hu.
Although known as a Jiang loyalist, most observers speculate that Zeng is more liberal than his mentor, and interested in political reform (transparency, institutionalization, and greater specification of powers) to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of party and state operations. Zeng remains an important figure within the highest ranks of party leadership. After the death of
Zhao Ziyang, the former party secretary who lost power following the Tiananmen Square protests, Zeng worked as the intermediary between the Zhao's family and the senior party leadership. Zeng Qinghong has the head of the Ministry of State Security, known as China's top intelligence gathering bureau, report directly to him as his father was the former director of this agency. When Shanghai party chief Chen Liangyuwas dismissed in September 2006, Zeng led the anti-corruption task force against the staunch Jiang ally. The move was seen as a mild rebuke to his links with Jiang.
In August 2007, Zeng headed a delegation of several high-ranking Central Government representatives at the celebrations at the 60th Anniversary of the founding of the
Inner MongoliaAutonomous Region.
During the 17th Party Congress Zeng was removed from the Central Committee, making him ineligible for election to the Politburo Standing Committee. [cite news | url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7054919.stm | publisher = BBC News Online | title = China's vice-president loses post |date=21 October 2007] His removal, which is seen as his retirement because of age, means he will no longer serve on the Communist Party's secretariat and no longer oversee the party's organization. His Vice-presidency ended in March 2008 at the
2008 National People's Congress. Before his retirement, however, Zeng used his political strength to secure the elevation of Xi Jinpinginto the Politburo Standing Committee.Fact|date=August 2008 Xi is now one of the two main candidates to succeed current president Hu Jintao. [ [http://www6.chinesenewsnet.com/MainNews/Forums/BackStage/2007_11_4_23_13_46_80.html 多維月刊﹕曾慶紅顛覆團派布局迎來太子黨新時代] ]
Politics of the People's Republic of China
History of the People's Republic of China (2002–present)
* [http://www.zhuichaguoji.org/en/index2.php?option=content&task=view&id=8&pop=1&page=0 Zeng Qinghong and his CCP organization] - World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong
* [http://www.chinavitae.com/biography_display.php?id=23 Zeng Qinghong biography @ China Vitae, online database of China VIPs]
* [http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/zengqinghong.shtml Zeng Qinghong] - People's Daily biography
* [http://www.jamestown.org/print_friendly.php?volume_id=18&issue_id=661&article_id=4678 Zeng Qinghong: A Man to Watch] -
* [http://www.jamestown.org/print_friendly.php?volume_id=17&issue_id=638&article_id=4589 Zeng Qinghong: A Potential Challenger to China's Heir Apparent] - Jamestown Foundation
* [http://www.msnbc.com/news/850268.asp?0cb=-e1n5737 Zeng Qinghong: An Heir To Power] - MSNBC
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Zeng Qinghong — (曾庆红) fut vice président de la République populaire de Chine de 2003 à 2008. Il devint membre du Politburo et membre du secrétariat du comité central du Parti communiste chinois durant le 16e congrès du parti en 2002. Il est le numéro cinq du… … Wikipédia en Français
Zeng Qinghong — (chinesisch 曾慶紅 / 曾庆红 Zēng Qìnghóng) (* 1939) ist ein chinesischer Politiker. Von 2003 bis 2008 war er Vizepräsident der Volksrepublik China und damit Stellvertreter von Hu Jintao. Zeng Qinghong wird als Sohn eines Generals… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zeng Qinghong — (julio de 1939) es un líder político chino, ex vicepresidente de la República Popular de China. Vicepresidente de China desde 2003 remplazando a Hu Jintao, quién en ese momento fue elegido presidente por el Congreso Popular Nacional. El 15 de… … Wikipedia Español
Qinghong — Zeng Qinghong (chin. 曾慶紅 / 曾庆红, Zēng Qìnghóng) (* 1939) ist ein chinesischer Politiker. Von 2003 bis 2008 war er Vizepräsident der Volksrepublik China und damit Stellvertreter von Hu Jintao. Zeng Qinghong wird als Sohn eines Generals der frühen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zeng — (zh cp|c=曾|p=Zēng) is a Chinese family name. In Cantonese, it may be rendered as Tsang.The surname Zeng is the 32nd most common surname in China.In 2118 BC, Si Shao Kang became the king of the Xia Dynasty. The Si s were the descendants of the… … Wikipedia
Zeng — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Zeng Chenggang (* 1960), chinesischer Bildhauer und Hochschullehrer Zeng Chengwei (曾成偉), chinesischer Musiker und Qin Spieler Zeng Gong (曾鞏, 1019–1083), chinesischer Schriftsteller der Song Dynastie Zeng… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zeng Shan — (Tseng Shan, 1904 72) was a Chinese Communist military commander and security minister. His wife, Deng Liujin, was one of the handful of women to participate in the Long March, and later ran a school for the children of high cadres. His son, Zeng … Wikipedia
Zheng Qinghong — Zeng Qinghong Zeng Qinghong (曾庆红) fut vice président de la République populaire de Chine de 2003 à 2008. Il devint membre du Politburo et membre du secrétariat du comité central du Parti communiste chinois durant le l6e congrès du parti en 2002.… … Wikipédia en Français
china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material … Universalium
China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast … Universalium