- Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk
Roger Bigod (c. 1245 – bf. 6 December 1306), was 5th
Earl of Norfolk.
He was the son of
Hugh Bigod (Justiciar), and succeeded his uncle, Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolkas earl in 1270.
This earl is the hero of a famous altercation with Edward I in 1297, which arose out of the king's command that Bigod should serve against the king of
Francein Gascony, while he went to Flanders. The earl asserted that by the tenure of his lands he was only compelled to serve across the seas in the company of the king himself, whereupon Edward said, "By God, earl, you shall either go or hang," to which Bigod replied, "By the same oath, O king, I will neither go nor hang." [Stubbs 138]
The earl gained his point, and after Edward had left for France he and Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, prevented the collection of an aid for the war and forced Edward to confirm the charters in this year and again in 1301.
William Stubbssays Bigod and Bohun "are but degenerate sons of mighty fathers; greater in their opportunities than in their patriotism." [Stubbs 312]
Roger married first Alina Basset, daughter of the justiciar
Philip Basset(and widow of Hugh Despenser), and secondly Alice d'Avesnes, daughter of John II d'Avesnes, count of Hainaut.
In 1302 the elderly and childless Bigod surrendered his earldom to the king and received it back entailed to the heirs of his body. This had the effect of disinheriting his brother John, and so, when the earl died without issue in December 1306, his title became extinct and his estates reverted to the crown, and were eventually bestowed on
Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk. [Tout 139, McFarlane 262]
*, reprinted from "History", 50 (1965), 145-59
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk — Roger Bigod (c. 1209 ndash; 1270), was 4th Earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England.He was the son of Hugh Bigod, and Matilda, a daughter of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke and Marshal of England. After the death of his father in 1225 Roger… … Wikipedia
Earl of Norfolk — is a title which has been created several times in the Peerage of England. Created in 1070, the first major dynasty to hold the title was the 12th and 13th century Bigod family, and it then was later held by the Mowbrays, who were also made Dukes … Wikipedia
Roger Bigod — may refer to:*Roger Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk (died 1107), Norman knight who had travelled over with William the Conqueror *Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk (c. 1144/1150 – 1221) *Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk (c.1209 – 1270), Marshal of… … Wikipedia
Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk — (June 1, 1300 ndash; August 4, 1338) was the son of Edward I of England and Marguerite of France. Thomas was born at the Manor House in Brotherton. His mother was staying at Pontefract Castle and was following a hunt when she went into labour. He … Wikipedia
Earl Marshal — Arms of Her Majesty s Government … Wikipedia
Bigod family — A medieval Norman family, the second Earls of Norfolk, the first being Ralph de Guader.uccession*Roger Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk, father of the true 1st Earl *Hugh Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk (1095 ndash;1177), second son, and heir, of Roger… … Wikipedia
Duke of Norfolk — The coat of arms of the Dukes of Norfolk (since 1660) … Wikipedia
Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford — Humphrey VII de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford and 2nd Earl of Essex (c. 1249 – December 31, 1298 or 1 January 1299) was one of several noblemen of the same name to have held the title Earl of Hereford, and a key figure in the Norman conquest of… … Wikipedia
Chepstow Castle — Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales Chepstow Castle, showing Marten s Tower … Wikipedia
Framlingham Castle — Infobox Historic building caption = Northwest facing walls name=Framlingham Castle location town=Framlingham, Suffolk location country=England map type=Suffolk latitude=52.22405 longitude=1.34691 architect= client=Raedwald of East Anglia engineer … Wikipedia