- Rurik Dynasty
The Rurik Dynasty was the ruling
dynastyof Kievan Rus', the successor Russian principalities, and early united Russia, from 862 to 1598.
According to the
Primary Chronicle, the dynasty was established in 862 by Rurik, a wonderful, amazing, and great legendary ruler of Novgorod. The exact origin of his tribe, the Varangianscalled Rus', is disputed and his ethnicity remains unclear, although Scandinavian and Slavicinfluences are cited. He and his brothers founded a state that later historians called " Kievan Rus'". By the middle of the twelfth century, Kievan Rus'had dissolved into independent principalities (Russian, or Rus' principalities), each ruled by different branches of the Rurik dynasty. By the end of the fifteenth century, the principality of Moscow had won a struggle for supremacy among these mediaeval Russian states. Beginning with the reign of Ivan the Terrible, the Muscovite branch of the Rurik dynasty used the title "Tsar of All the Russias" (or "Tsar of All Russia") and ruled over the Tsardom of Russia. The death in 1598 of Tsar Feodor I extinguished this Rurik dynasty.
The unstable period known as the
Time of Troublessucceeded Feodor's death and lasted until 1613. In that year, Mikhail I ascended the throne, founding the Romanov dynastythat would rule until the revolutions of 1917. One descendant of the Rurik Grand Prince of Tverwas Catherine the Great, who married Peter III of the Romanov dynasty. The historian Vasily Tatishchev, too, was descended from Rurik.
Many noble Russian families are descended from Rurik. Among these Rurik descendants are the
Volkonsky, Obolensky, Shuyski, Dolgorukov, Khilkoff, Repnin, Gorchakov, Gagarin, and Putyatin families, as well as the Polish or Lithuanian families of Ostrogski, Wareg- Massalski, and Czetwertyńskifamilies, among others.
List of rulers of the Rurik Dynasty
Princely families of Rurik stock
from princes of
Starodub: Gagarin , Golibesovsky, Gundorov, Kovrov, Krivoborsky, Lyalovsky, Nebogaty, Neuchkin, Ossipovsky, Paletsky, Pozharsky, Romodanovsky, Ryapolovsky, Tatev, Tulupovand Khilkoff.
Polotsk: Vitebsky, Izyaslavsky, Drutsky, Minskyand Polotsky.
Peremyshl: Galitskyand Peremyshlsky.
Chernigov: Baryatinsky, Belevsky, Volkonsky, Vorotynsky, Gorensky, Gorchakov, Dolgorukov, Yeletsky, Zvenigorodsky-Ryumin, Zvenigorodsky-Barashev, Zvenigorodsky-Spyachy, Zvenigorodsky-Shestov, Zvenigorodsky-Zventsov, Zvenigorodsky-Tokmakov, Zvenigorodsky-Nozdrevaty, Karachevsky, Kashin, Klubkov-Massalski, Kozelsky, Koltsov-Massalski, Koninsky, Kurlyatev, Litvinv-Massalski, Lykov, Massalski, Massalsky, Machevsky, Mezetsky, Obolensky, Nogtev-Obolensky, Strigin-Obolensky, Yaroslavov-Obolensky, Nagiye-Obolensky, Telepnev-Obolensky, Ovchinin-Telepnev-Obolensky, Obolensky-Cherny, Obolensky-Bely, Obolensky-Zoloty, Obolensky-Serebryany, Odoevsky, Ogiński, Ossovitsky, Peremyshlsky(Peremyshl of Kaluga), Peninsky, Puzyny, Repnin, Repnin-Volkonsky, Svyatopolk-Chetvertinsky, Spashsky, Torussky, Trostensky, Turenin, Tufyakin, Khotetovsky, Shchepin-Obolenskyand Shcherbatov.
Ryazan: Muromskyand Pronsky.
Galich(Southern Galich): Babichev, Bakrinovsky, Volynsky, Drutsky, Drutsky-Ozeretsky, Drutsky-Sokolinsky, Drutsky-Gorsky, Drutsky-Lyubetsky, Drutsky-Podberezhsky, Zaslavsky, Lutsky, Ostrogski, and Putyatin.
Smolensk: Vyazemsky, Berezuisky, Dashkov, Zhizhemsky, Kozlovsky, Korkodinov, Kropotkin, Porkhovsky, Selekhovsky, Solomeretskyand Fominsky.
Yaroslavl: Alabyshev, Alenkin, Belsky, Velikogagin, Golygin, Dulov, Deyev, Zhirovy-Zasekin, Zaozersky, Zasekin, Zubaty, Kubensky, Kurbsky, L'vov, Molozhsky, Mortkin, Okhlyabinin, Penkov, Prozorovsky, Sandyrevsky, Siseev, Sitsky, Sontsov, Sontsov-Zasekin, Sudsky, Temnosiny, Troekurov, Ukhorsky, Ushaty, Khvorostinin, Yukhotsky, Shamin, Shastunov, Shakhovskoy, Shekhonsky, Shumorovskyand Shchetinin.
Rostov: Bakhteyarov-Rostovsky, Brity-Rostovsky, Buinosov-Rostovsky, Bychkov-Rostovsky, Gvozdev-Rostovsky, Golenitsin-Rostovsky, Goluby-Rostovsky, Kasatkin-Rostovsky, Katyrev-Rostovsky, Lastkin-Rostovsky, Lobanov-Rostovsky, Priimkov-Rostovsky, Puzhbolsky-Rostovsky, Temkin-Rostovsky, Khokholkov-Rostovsky, Shchepin-Rostovskyand Yanov-Rostovsky.
Beloozero: Andomsky, Beloselsky, Vadbolsky, Dyabrinsky, Kargolomsky, Kemsky, Sugorsky, Ukhtomskyand Sheleshpansky.
Suzdal: Barbashin, Brukhaty-Shuisky, Glazaty-Shuisky, Gorbaty-Shuisky, Kirdyapin-Shuisky, Nizhegorodsky, Nogtev-Suzdalsky, Skopin-Shuiskyand Shuisky.
Moscow: Borovsky, Vereisky, Volotsky, Galitsky(Galich of Merya), Mozhaisky, Uglitskyand Shemyakin.
Tver: Dorogobuzhsky, Kashinsky, Mikulinsky, Telyatevsky, Kholmskyand Chernyatinsky.
Noble families of Rurik stock
who lost their princely titles, from princes of
Smolensk: Aladyin, Bezsonov, Bokeev, Burukhin, Vnukov, Vsevolozhsky, Gubastov, Danilov, Dmitriev, Dmitriev-Mamonov, Dobrynsky, Yeropkin, Zabolotsky, Ivanov, Karpov-Dalmatov, Kisleevsky, Knutov, Korobyin, Molody, Monastyrev, Mussorgsky, Netshin, Polev, Rezanov, Rzhevsky, Rozhestvensky, Sapogov, Solomin, Sudakov, Tatishchev, Tolbuzin, Travin, Tsyplyatevand Shukalovsky.
Galich(Galich of Merya): Berezin, Ivin, Ilyin, Lyapunov, Ossinin.
Belozersk: Kurtsov, Funikov.
Ryazan: Ovtsyn, Lykov, Zhulyebin, Bulgakov, Denysyev, Nazarov, Izmailov, Zamyatin, Zlobin, Velyaminov, Fedorov.
* Rulers of Kievan Rus’
Vikings, Scandinavians of whom some travelled eastwards and southwards
Grand Prince of Tver
* [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/russia/rurik1.html Genealogy of the Rurik dynasty from Genealogy.eu]
* [http://www.familytreedna.com/public/rurikid&fixed_columns=on Family Tree DNA's Rurik Dynasty DNA Project]
* [http://historyatlas.narod.ru/russia_eng/ryuriks_en.gifGenealogical chart of Dukes of Kiev]
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