Garland


Garland
Flower garland for a wedding
Tinsel garlands on Christmas tree

A garland is a decorative wreath or cord, used at festive occasions, which can be hung round a person's neck, or on inanimate objects like Christmas trees. Originally garlands were made of flowers or leaves.

Contents

Etymology

From the French "guirlande", itself from the Italian "ghirlanda", a braid.

India

Its a long tradition in India where flower garlands have an important role in every festival, when the deities are decorated with garlands made from different fragrant flowers (often Marigold) and leaves. Also fruit, vegetables and currency notes are worn as thanksgiving. Also in wedding the couple wears a wedding garland. In other occasions it is used to show respect to an individual person or statue (murti).

A Gajra is a flower garland which women in India and Bangladesh wear during traditional festivals. It is made usually of jasmine. It can be worn both on the bun and with the braid coiling. Women usually wear these when they wear sarees.

Daisy chain

A garland created from the daisy flower, generally as a children's game, is called a daisy chain. One method of creating a daisy chain is as follows: daisies are picked and a hole is made towards the base of the stem, generally by piercing with fingernails or tying a knot. The stem of the next flower can be threaded through until stopped by the head of the flower. By repeating this with many daisies, it is possible to build up long chains and to form them into simple bracelets and necklaces.[1]

There is another popular method which involves pressing the flower heads against each other, so that the final chain looks like a caterpillar.

The term "daisy chain", or "daisy chaining", can also refer to various technical and social "chains".

A daisy chain


Garlands in poetry

Garlands are also used in older forms of poetry like 'Old Meg she was a gypsy' and other older poetry.

A garland is also used in La Belle Dame sans Merci by John Keats, a poem often analysed for its portrayal of women pre-1914.

In the Bible (English Standard Version), Proverbs 4:9 describes Wisdom as: "She will place on your head a graceful garland; she will bestow on you a beautiful crown."

In the 1913 novel The Golden Road by Lucy M. Montgomery a "fading garland" is used as a metaphor for the evening of life or aging in general: "[...] Did she realize in a flash of prescience that there was no earthly future for our sweet Cecily? Not for her were to be the lengthening shadows or the fading garland. The end was to come while the rainbow still sparkled on her wine of life, ere a single petal had fallen from her rose of joy. [...]" (Chapter XXX).

In the 1906 children's book The Railway Children by Edith Nesbit garland is used as a metaphor as well: "Let the garland of friendship be ever green." (Chapter IX).

See also

References


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  • Garland — heißen die Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten Garland (Alabama) Garland (Arkansas) Garland (Maine) Garland (Nebraska) Garland (North Carolina) Garland (Tennessee) Garland (Texas) Garland (Utah) sowie das Garland County Garland ist der Familienname… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Garland — Garland, WY U.S. Census Designated Place in Wyoming Population (2000): 95 Housing Units (2000): 47 Land area (2000): 3.081369 sq. miles (7.980710 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.081369 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garland — Jeffreys Pour les articles homonymes, voir Garland et Jeffreys. Garland Jeffreys, né le 1er Janvier 1944 à Brooklyn, quartier de New York, est un auteur compositeur interprète et musicien afro américain. Garland Jeffreys est diplômé de l école… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Garland — Garland, que es una voz que en francés significa «corona de flores», puede hacer referencia a: Lugares Las siguientes localidades estadounidenses Garland, en el estado de Utah. Garland, en Carolina del Norte. Garland, en Nebraska. Garland, en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • GARLAND (R.) — Red GARLAND 1923 1984 William M. «Red» Garland naît le 13 mai 1923 à Dallas. De son enfance et de son adolescence, peu de chose nous est parvenu. C’est Hot Lips Page qui découvre ce jeune pianiste d’à peine vingt ans. À compter de 1945, il figure …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Garland — • A wreath of flowers or evergreens formerly used in connection with baptismal, nuptial, and funeral rites, as well as in solemn processions Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Garland     Garland …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • GARLAND (H.) — GARLAND HAMLIN (1860 1940) Ce fils de fermiers du Middle West exprime dès ses débuts, suivant en cela Howells, la nécessité d’un naturalisme puisant ses sources à la vie américaine. Ce credo littéraire va de pair avec des préoccupations sociales… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Garland, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 352 Housing Units (2000): 164 Land area (2000): 0.821192 sq. miles (2.126877 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.821192 sq. miles (2.126877 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garland, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 808 Housing Units (2000): 313 Land area (2000): 1.075650 sq. miles (2.785921 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006432 sq. miles (0.016658 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.082082 sq. miles (2.802579 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garland, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 247 Housing Units (2000): 100 Land area (2000): 0.164535 sq. miles (0.426144 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.164535 sq. miles (0.426144 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garland, TN — U.S. town in Tennessee Population (2000): 309 Housing Units (2000): 127 Land area (2000): 0.560546 sq. miles (1.451808 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.560546 sq. miles (1.451808 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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