Francolin


Francolin

Taxobox
name = Francolin


image_caption = Yellow-necked Francolin
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Galliformes
familia = Phasianidae
genus = "Francolinus"
genus_authority = Stephens, 1819
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision =Over 40, see text

The francolins are birds of the genus "Francolinus". They are members of the pheasant family, Phasianidae.

Francolins are terrestrial (though not flightless) birds of the Old World that feed on insects, vegetable matter and seeds. Of the 41 extant species, 36 are exclusive to Africa.

Distribution

Twelve of the species which occur in Africa are found in the subcontinental region of southern Africa; of these, seven occur in varying proportions within the political boundaries of Namibia. Six southern African francolins are considered endemic to the subcontinent, of which three are found in Namibia (Hartlaub's, Red-billed Francolin "F. adspersus" and Orange River Francolin "F. levaillantoides" ). The Cape Francolin "Francolinus capensis", endemic to the Cape Province of South Africa occurs marginally in southern Namibia. A fossil francolin, "Francolinus capeki", has been described from Late Pliocene deposits of Hungary.

Modern knowledge

Even very basic biological information of many of the 36 species of francolins found in Africa is lacking. In particular, the literature of this century indicates a distinct disparity in knowledge of endemic forms, especially those restricted to isolated and extreme habitats. Although visually inconspicuous, francolins are high evocative to man; like gamebirds elsewhere, they have attracted considerable attention from the days of the first European explorers into Africa; "albeit" primarily from a culinary perspective.

pecies

* Black Francolin, "Francolinus francolinus"
* Painted Francolin, "Francolinus pictus"
* Chinese Francolin, "Francolinus pintadeanus"
* Grey Francolin, "Francolinus pondicerianus"
* Swamp Francolin, "Francolinus gularis"
* Coqui Francolin, "Francolinus coqui"
* White-throated Francolin, "Francolinus albogularis"
* Schlegel's Francolin, "Francolinus schlegelii"
* Latham's Francolin, "Francolinus lathami"
* Crested Francolin, "Francolinus sephaena"
* Ring-necked Francolin, "Francolinus streptophorus"
* Finsch's Francolin, "Francolinus finschi"
* Red-winged Francolin, "Francolinus levaillantii"
* Grey-winged Francolin, "Francolinus africanus"
* Moorland Francolin, "Francolinus psilolaemus"
* Shelley's Francolin, "Francolinus shelleyi"
* Orange River Francolin, "Francolinus levaillantoides"
* Scaly Francolin, "Francolinus squamatus"
* Ahanta Francolin, "Francolinus ahantensis"
* Grey-striped Francolin, "Francolinus griseostriatus"
* Nahan's Francolin, "Francolinus nahani"
* Hartlaub's Francolin, "Francolinus hartlaubi"
* Double-spurred Francolin, "Francolinus bicalcaratus"
* Heuglin's Francolin, "Francolinus icterorhynchus"
* Clapperton's Francolin, "Francolinus clappertoni"
* Harwood's Francolin, "Francolinus harwoodi"
* Red-billed Francolin, "Francolinus adspersus"
* Cape Francolin, "Francolinus capensis"
* Natal Francolin, "Francolinus natalensis"
* Hildebrandt's Francolin, "Francolinus hildebrandti"
* Yellow-necked Francolin, "Francolinus leucoscepus"
* Grey-breasted Francolin, "Francolinus rufopictus"
* Red-necked Francolin, "Francolinus afer"
* Swainson's Francolin, "Francolinus swainsonii"
* Jackson's Francolin, "Francolinus jacksoni"
* Handsome Francolin, "Francolinus nobilis"
* Mount Cameroon Francolin, "Francolinus camerunensis"
* Swierstra's Francolin, "Francolinus swierstrai"
* Chestnut-naped Francolin, "Francolinus castaneicollis"
* Erckel's Francolin, "Francolinus erckelii"
* Djibouti Francolin, "Francolinus ochropectus"

External links

* [http://www.gbwf.org/francolin/index.html Francolin & Partridge - Aviculture & Conservation]
* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/familia.phtml?idFamilia=38 Francolin videos] on the Internet Bird Collection


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • francolin — [ frɑ̃kɔlɛ̃ ] n. m. • déb. XIVe; it. francolino ♦ Oiseau très voisin de la perdrix (galliformes), mais de plus grande taille, très répandu en Afrique. ● francolin nom masculin (italien francolino) Grosse perdrix (phasiamidé) des régions… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Francolin — Fran co*lin, n. [F.; cf. It. francolino, Sp. francolin.] (Zo[ o]l.) A spurred partidge of the genus {Francolinus} and allied genera, of Asia and Africa. The common species ({F. vulgaris}) was formerly common in southern Europe, but is now nearly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Francolīn — (Francolinus), bei Cuvier Rebhühner, mit stärkerem, längerem Schnabel, größerem Schwanz, meist bespornten Flügeln; Art: Gemeiner F. (F. europaeus, Perdix f., Tetrao f. L.), Füße roth, Bauch u. Hals schwarz u. weiß gefleckt, rothes Halsband;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • francolin — Francolin, Nom d oyseau, Attagen, Attagena …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • francolin — Francolin. substantif masculin. Espece d oiseau, un peu plus gros que la perdrix, & bon à manger …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • francolín — (Del it. francolino). m. Ave del orden de las Galliformes, del tamaño y forma de la perdiz, de la cual se distingue por el plumaje, que es negro en la cabeza, pecho y vientre, y gris con pintas blancas en la espalda. Tiene un collar castaño muy… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • francolin — [fraŋ′kō lin] n. [Fr < It francolino] any of a genus (Francolinus, family Phasianidae) of African and Asiatic partridges …   English World dictionary

  • Francolin — Nom vernaculaire ou nom normalisé ambigu : Le terme « Francolin » s applique en français à plusieurs taxons distincts. Francolin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francolin — Johann von Francolin auch Hans von Francolin oder Jean de Francolin (* 1522; † nach 1580) war ein Heraldiker und Herold des Königreichs Ungarn zur Zeit Kaiser Ferdinand I. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • francolin — (fran ko lin) s. m. Oiseau de la famille des sylvains, qui est de la grosseur du faisan. •   La rareté de ces oiseaux en Europe, jointe au bon goût de leur chair, a donné lieu aux défenses rigoureuses qui ont été faites en plusieurs pays de les… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré


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