- Regina Manifesto
The Regina Manifesto was the programme of the
Co-operative Commonwealth Federationand was adopted at the first national convention of the CCF held in Regina, Saskatchewanin 1933. The primary goal of the "Regina Manifesto" was to eradicate the system of capitalismand replace it with a completely planned economy of socialism. [http://www.saskndp.com/documents/manifest.pdf] The CCF was a democratic socialistparty founded in 1932 by farmers, workers and socialist groups against the backdrop of the Great Depression. Tommy Douglasled the CCF, born of ideas central in the "Regina Manifesto," to form the first socialistic government in North America on June 15, 1944. [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=ArchivedFeatures&Params=A258]
The Manifesto was largely written by members of the
League for Social Reconstruction, particularly Frank Underhilland F.R. Scott, and called for "a planned and socialized economy in which our natural resources and principal means of production and distribution are owned, controlled and operated by the people". Specifically it called for the nationalisation.of transportation, communications, electrical power and other services. It called for a planned economyand a national banking system that would be "removed from the control of private profit-seeking interests." It advocated for the ability to organize in trade unions and called for a National Labour Code "to secure for the worker maximum income and leisure, insurance covering illness, accident, old age, and unemployment." The Regina Manifesto proposed social service programs such as publicly-funded health care, supported peace, promoted co-operativeenterprises and vowed that "No C.C.F. Government will rest content until it has eradicated capitalism and Put into operation the full programme of socialized planning which will lead to the establishment in Canada of the Cooperative Commonwealth."
The Regina Manifesto remained the CCF's official programme until 1956 when, in the face of the strong anti-communist sentiment of the
Cold War, it was replaced by the more moderate Winnipeg Declarationwhich substituted Keynsianism for socialist remedies.
* [http://www.economics.uwaterloo.ca/needhdata/Regina_Manifesto.html Full text of the Regina Manifesto]
* [http://www.socialisthistory.ca/Docs/1930s/MoriartyOnCCF.htm The Regina Convention of the C.C.F.]
Bill Moriarty's account of debates at the 1933 CCF convention on adopting the Regina Manifesto.
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