Josceline de Bohon


Josceline de Bohon

Infobox bishopbiog
name =Josceline de Bohon


religion =Catholic
See =Diocese of Salisbury
Title = Bishop of Salisbury
Period = 1142–1184
Predecessor = Philip de Harcourt
Successor =Hubert Walter
ordination =
bishops =
post =Archdeacon of Winchester
date of birth = c1111
place of birth =
date of death =November 18 1184
place of death =

Josceline de Bohon, or Joscelyn fitz Richard de Bohon or Joscelin de Bohun (c. 1111 – 1184), was an English religious leader.

Life

Josceline was a great-grandson of Humphrey de Bohun, one of the companions of William the Conqueror. Savaric FitzGeldewin, who was Bishop of Bath from 1192–1205 was Josceline's second cousin.Spear "The Norman Empire and the Secular Clergy" "The Journal of British Studies" p. 4] Josceline served Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester and studied law in ItalyBarlow "Thomas Becket" p. 78] at Bologna during the 1130'sTurner "Roman Law" "Journal of British Studies" p. 9] as well as being an old friend of Pope Alexander III. Joscelin was appointed Archdeacon of Winchester in 1139 [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=34219 British History Online Bishops of Salisbury] accessed on October 30, 2007] and Bishop of Salisbury in 1142.Powicke "Handbook of British Chronology" p. 251] His brother was Richard fitz Richard de Bohon, who served as Bishop of Coutances from 1151 to 1179 and was appointed Chancellor of Normandy by King Henry II of England.

In 1170, he was excommunicated by Thomas Becket archbishop of Canterbury for having assisted in the coronation of Henry the Young King, son of Henry II.Warren "Henry II" p. 507]

Josceline de Bohon's son was Reginald fitz Jocelin, who was named bishop of Bath.Warren "Henry II" p. 535] Some sources say that Reginald was born while his father was studying law in Italy, others that he might have been born before his father became a priest.

He resigned the see before his death on November 18 1184 to become a monk at Forde Abbey, a Cistercian in Dorset.

There were various spellings of this surname -- Bohun, Bohon, Boun, Bown, etc. -- This reflects a time before mass communication (and mass literacy. Such variety seems determined less by time or region, but more in accordance with individual scribes and clerks attempting to render phonetic spellings.

ee also

*List of bishops of Salisbury

Notes

References

*"Archdeacons: Wiltshire", Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 4: Salisbury (1991), pp. 33-7.
*"Archdeacons of Winchester Diocese", Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 2: Monastic cathedrals (northern and southern provinces) (1971), pp. 91-2. [http://www.british-history.ac.uk]
*Barlow, Frank "Thomas Becket" Berkeley, CA:University of California Press 1986 ISBN 0-520-07175-1
* [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=34219 British History Online Bishops of Salisbury] accessed on October 30, 2007
*Morey, A. and C. N. L. Brooke, eds. "Letters and Charters of Gilbert Foliot, ed. Cambridge, 1967) p. 530.
*Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde "Handbook of British Chronology" 2nd. ed. London:Royal Historical Society 1961
*"Prebendaries: Islington", Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 1: St. Paul's, London (1968), pp. 57-9.
*Spear, David S. "The Norman Empire and the Secular Clergy, 1066-1204" "The Journal of British Studies" Volume XXI Number 2 Spring 1982 p. 1-10
*
*Warren, W. L. "Henry II" Berkeley: University of California Press 1973 ISBN 0-520-03494-5

Persondata
NAME=Bohon, Josceline
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Bohun, Josceline de
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Bishop of Salisbury
DATE OF BIRTH=c. 1111
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=November 18, 1184
PLACE OF DEATH=


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