- Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel
Saint Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel (
28 June 1557– 19 October 1595) was an English nobleman. He was canonised by Pope Paul VIin 1970, as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. He is variously numbered as 20th or 13th Earl of Arundel.
Strand, London, he was the eldest son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolkand Lady Mary FitzAlan, daughter of Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel. He was baptized at Whitehall Palacewith the Royal Family in attendance, and was named after his godfather, King Philip II of Spain.
At the age of fourteen, he was married to his foster sister, Anne Dacre. After years of estrangement, they were reunited and built a very strong marriage.
His father was attainted and executed in 1572, but Philip Howard succeeded to his mother's heritage upon the death of his grandfather, becoming Earl of
Howard, and much of his family, remained Catholics during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, when it was very dangerous to do so. They also attempted to leave England without permission. While some might have been able to do this quietly, Howard was second cousin of the Queen. He was committed to the
Tower of Londonon 25 April 1585. While charges of high treasonwere never proved, he was to spend ten years in the Tower, until his death of dysentery. He had petitioned the Queen as he lay dying to allow him to see his beloved wife and his son, who had been born after his imprisonment. The Queen responded that if he would return to Protestantismhis request would be granted. He refused and died alone in the Tower. He was immediately acclaimed as a Catholic Martyr.
He was buried without ceremony beneath the floor of the church of St Peter ad Vincula, inside the walls of the Tower. Twenty nine years later, his widow and son obtained permission from King
James I of Englandto move the body to the FitzAlan Chapel just below Arundel Castle. His tomb was moved to the Catholic cathedral in Arundel in 1971 and remains a site of pilgrimage.
He was attainted in 1589, but his son Thomas eventually was restored in blood and succeeded as Earl of Arundel, and to the lesser titles of his grandfather.
*Malcolm Brennan, "Martyrs of the English Reformation."
*Sigrid Undset, "Stages on the Road," copyright 1934.
*Howard's great-grandson, also named Philip Howard, was a Catholic cardinal.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Philip Howard, 20. Earl of Arundel — Philip Howard, 20. Earl of Arundel, zeitgenössisches Porträt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel — The Earl of Arundel Portrait by Peter Paul Rubens. Spouse(s) Alethea Talbot Issue William Howard, 1st Viscount … Wikipedia
Philip Howard — may refer to:*Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel, Saint Philip Howard, (1557 1595) *Philip Howard (1629 1717), English army officer and Member of Parliament (1629 1717) *Philip Howard (British Army officer), English army officer and Member of… … Wikipedia
Earl of Arundel — The title Earl of Arundel is the oldest extant Earldom and perhaps the oldest extant title in the Peerage of England. It is currently held by the Duke of Norfolk, and is used (along with the Earldom of Surrey) by his Heir Apparent as a courtesy… … Wikipedia
Arundel Cathedral — Arundel Cathedral from the north west … Wikipedia
Earl of Suffolk — Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk Earl of Suffolk is a title that has been created four times in the Peerage of England. The first creation, in tandem with the creation of the title of Earl of Norfolk, came before 1069 in favour of Ralph the… … Wikipedia
Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk — Edward William Fitzalan Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk DL (born 2 December 1956) is the son of Miles Stapleton Fitzalan Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk and his wife Anne Mary Teresa Constable Maxwell.Edward was educated at Ampleforth, a Catholic… … Wikipedia
Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk — KG GCVO VD PC (27 December 1847 ndash;11 February 1917) was the son of Henry Granville Fitzalan Howard, 14th Duke of Norfolk and Augusta Mary Minna Catherine Lyons. In 1900 at age 53 he went to the Second Boer War and in the same year he was… … Wikipedia
Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby — (September 1531 ndash;25 September 1593) was a prominent English nobleman who served as Lord High Steward during the trial of Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel. Born in Lathom, Henry was the eldest son of Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby and… … Wikipedia
Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk — For other people of the same name, see Thomas Howard (disambiguation). The Duke of Norfolk Spouse(s) Mary FitzAlan Margaret Audley Elizabeth Leyburne Noble family … Wikipedia