Paresis


Paresis

Paresis is a condition typified by partial loss of movement, or impaired movement. When used without qualifiers, it usually refers to the limbs, but it also can be used to describe the muscles of the eyes (ophthalmoparesis) and also the stomach (gastroparesis). Neurologists use the term paresis to describe weakness, and plegia to describe paralysis in which all movement is lost.

Types

Limbs

* Monoparesis -- One leg or one arm
* Paraparesis -- Both legs or both arms
* Hemiparesis -- One arm and one leg on either side of the body
* Quadraparesis -- All four limbs

These terms frequently refer to the impairment of motion in multiple sclerosis.

Other

* Gastroparesis -- Impaired stomach emptying
* It is also used to describe a form of ophthalmoplegia.
* In the past, the term was most commonly used to refer to "General paresis," which was a symptom of untreated syphilis. [MedlinePlusEncylopedia|000748] However, due to improvements in treatment of syphilis, it is now rarely used in this context.

ee also

* Ataxia
* Malaise
* Asthenia
* Debility
* Muscle weakness
* Fatigue (physical)
* Atony
* Hypotonia

References

External links

* [http://www.mult-sclerosis.org/paresis.html Overview]
* [http://www.bio.miami.edu/hare/paresis.html Hind Limb Paresis and Paralysis in Rabbits]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • paresis — (n.) 1690s, Modern Latin, from Gk. paresis letting go, slackening of strength, paralysis …   Etymology dictionary

  • paresis — [pə rē′sis, par′ə sis] n. pl. pareses [pə rē′sēz΄, par′əsēz΄] [ModL < Gr < parienai, to relax < para (see PARA 1) + hienai, to set in motion (see JET1)] 1. partial or slight paralysis 2. a disease of the brain caused by syphilis of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Paresis — Par e*sis, n. [NL., from Gr. pa resis, fr. parie nai to let go; para from + ie nai to send.] (Med.) Incomplete paralysis, affecting motion but not sensation. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Parĕsis — (v. gr.), Lähmung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Parěsis — (griech.), unvollständige Lähmung (s. d. und Gebärparese) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Paresis — Parĕsis (Parēse, grch.), Erschlaffung, Abspannung; unvollkommene Lähmung; parétisch, schlaff, gelähmt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • paresis — parálisis ligera o incompleta. Paresia CIE 10 [véase http://www.iqb.es/patologia/paresia.htm] Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • paresis — paretic /peuh ret ik, ree tik/, n., adj. paretically, adv. /peuh ree sis, par euh sis/, n. Pathol. 1. partial motor paralysis. 2. a late manifestation of syphilis, characterized by progressive dementia and paralysis. [1685 95; < NL < Gk páresis… …   Universalium

  • paresis — noun (plural pareses) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek, from parienai to let fall, from para + hienai to let go, send more at jet Date: 1693 1. slight or partial paralysis 2. general paresis • paretic adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • paresis — Partial or incomplete paralysis. [G. a letting go, slackening, paralysis, fr. paritemi, to let go] divergence p. an esodeviation of the eyes that is greater in the distance than near, which may be a sign of central nervous system disease or a… …   Medical dictionary


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