- Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este
Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este (
April 25, 1781- November 5, 1850) was the third son of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Esteand of his wife Princess Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este, last member and heiress of the house of Este. For much of the Napoleonic Warshe was in command of the Austrian army.
Ferdinand was born at Milan. He attended the military academy in
Wiener Neustadtbefore embarking on a military career. In 1805 in the war of the Third Coalitionagainst France, Ferdinand was commander-in-chief of the Austrian forces with General Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberichas his quartermaster general. In October his army was surrounded at Ulm. General Mack surrendered, but Ferdinand managed to escape with 2000 cavalry to Bohemia. There he took command of the Austrian troops and raised the local militia. With a total of 9,000 men he set out for Iglau to distract attention from the Coalition's movements. He succeeded in holding the Bavarian division of Prince Karl Philipp von Wredein Iglauthereby and preventing it from joining the Battle of Austerlitz.
In 1809 in the war of the
Fifth Coalitionagainst France, Ferdinand commanded an Austrian army of 36,000 men. In April he invaded the Duchy of Warsawhoping to encourage a local uprising against Napoleon(see Polish-Austrian War). But the Poles rallied to Prince Józef Antoni Poniatowski. Ferdinand was defeated at the Battle of Raszyn, but managed to occupy Warsaw. In June, however, Ferdinand was compelled to withdraw from Warsaw, and to give up Krakówand Galicia as well.
In 1815 in the war of the
Seventh Coalitionagainst France, Ferdinand commanded two divisions of the Austrian Reserve. The following year he was appointed military commander in Hungary.
In 1830 Ferdinand was appointed military and civil governor of Galicia, taking up residence in
Lviv. After the Revolution of 1848 he resided mostly in Italy.
Ferdinand never married. In 1850 he died at Schloss Ebenzweier in
Altmünsternear Gmunden, Austria.
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1= 1. Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este
Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Theresa of Austria
Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena
7= 7. Maria Teresa Cibo-Malsapina, Duchess of Massa
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
12= 12. Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena
Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans
14= 14. Alderano Cibo-Malsapina, Duke of Massa
15= 15. Ricciardia Gonzaga of Novellara
Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
24= 24. Rinaldo III, Duke of Modena
25= 25. Charlotte Felicity of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
28= 28. Carlo II Cibo-Malsapina, Duke of Massa
29= 29. Teresa Pamfili
30= 30. Camillo II Gonzaga, Count of Novellara
31= 31. Matilde d'Este
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