- South Carolina State House
Infobox_nrhp | name =South Carolina State House
nrhp_type = nhl
caption =The South Carolina State House
Columbia, South Carolina
lat_degrees = 34
lat_minutes = 0
lat_seconds = 1.56
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 81
long_minutes = 1
long_seconds = 59.33
long_direction = W
John R. Niernsee; Et al.
architecture= Greek Revival
May 11, 1976cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=984&ResourceType=Building
title=South Carolina State House |accessdate=2008-03-24|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service]
June 5, 1970cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
governing_body = State (South Carolina General Assembly)
refnum=70000598 The South Carolina State House is the state capitol building of the
U.S. stateof South Carolina. The building Houses the South Carolina General Assembly, and housing the offices of the Governor and Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina, it is located in the capital city of Columbia near the corner of Gervais and Assembly Streets.
. Although several public buildings were "put to the torch" when United States troops entered the city, the capitol building was not. The structure was, however, damaged by artillery and smoke from the burning of adjacent structures. The building was finally completed in 1907. The current State House weighs more than 70,000 tons and has 130,673 gross square feet. The building is approximately convert|300|ft|m long, convert|100|ft|m wide and convert|180|ft|m tall. Today, the copper-domed granite building wears six bronze stars to mark wartime shell/cannonball hits.
The building was controversial during the 2000 U.S. presidential campaign for flying a
Confederate battle flag. [ [http://archive.salon.com/politics2000/feature/2000/04/18/mccain/index.html Salon.com Politics 2000 article for one preliminary reference on this topic] ]
The capital has undergone two major renovation projects. The first occurred from 1959 through 1969. The planning phase for the second renovation occurred from 1991 to 1995. The second renovation addressed a number of problem areas that were not addressed during the first renovation and modernized the building. The renovation began in 1995 and lasted until mid 1998. The work balanced the need to meet modern code requirements and improved efficiency against a respect for historic form and appearance. Main enhancements were structural improvements, the sophisticated electrical wiring, alarm systems, or the state-of-the-art earthquake isolators that were installed. The renovation restored the House and Senate chambers, the 19th century treatment of the lobby, the vaulted brickwork in the hallways of the lower floor, the restored marble floors and refurbished interior of the dome. The total cost of the project was approximately $48,000,000. The State House was reopened on
August 22, 1998.
style, first designed by John R. Niernsee. The buildings main structure was completed in 1875, and renovations were made to the original building in 1907, 1959, and 1998.
The rotunda is decorated with a painted masterpiece, and is really two domes: an inner which is seen by visitors on the inside and the main copper dome from the outside.
The South Carolina State House is also known for its distinctive cooper dome which adorns its roof.
The State House was designated a
National Historic Landmarkin 1976.citation|title=PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/70000598.pdf National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: South Carolina Statehouse] |32 KB|date=December, 1975 |author=Mary Jane Gregory, Ralph Christian, and George R. Adams |publisher=National Park Service also available PDFlink| [http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/richland/S10817740006/S10817740006.pdf here] |32 KB and PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/70000598.pdf "Accompanying six photos, exterior and interior, from 1970 and 1975 (and one photo of a different building)"] |32 KB]
The South Carolina Department of Archives and History states:"Vienna-born architect John Niernsee began the structure in 1851, but the Civil War and post-war poverty slowed progress on the building.... From 1888 to 1891, Niernsee’s son,
Frank McHenry Niernsee, served as architect and much of the interior work was completed. In 1900 Frank Milburn served briefly as architect, but was replaced in 1905 by Charles Coker Wilsonwho finally finished the exterior in 1907."cite web|url=http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/richland/S10817740006/index.htm
title=South Carolina Statehouse, Richland County (Main & Gervais Sts., Columbia) |accessdate=2008-03-24|work=National Register Properties in South Carolina listing|publisher=South Carolina Department of Archives and History]
There are many statues and monuments on the State House grounds, such as a Confederate battle flag, which flew over the dome of the State House until it was the subject of controversy in the 2000 U.S. presidential campaign.Fact|date=March 2008 On
July 1, 2000it was moved to the Monument dedicated to South Carolina's Confederate Dead on the north side of the State House grounds.Fact|date=March 2008 On the other hand it is also asserted that the South Carolina State House is the only state capitol in the nation to have a monument dedicated to the contributions and history of African-Americanson its grounds.Fact|date=March 2008 The grounds is also home to a monument to fallen South Carolina Law Enforcement Officers located on the southwest of the South Portico. There is also a statue for Senator Strom Thurmondand Benjamin Ryan Tillman.
* [http://www.knowitall.org/letsgo/lgsh/sh_home.html South Carolina State House virtual tour]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
South Carolina State House — Capitole de l’État de Caroline du Sud 34° 00′ 01″ N 81° 02′ 00″ W / 34.000344, 81.03 … Wikipédia en Français
South Carolina state elections, 2006 — The 2006 South Carolina State Elections will take place on November 7, 2006, and will include the gubernatorial election. South Carolina is unique in having nine popularly elected constitutional officers, including the United States only elected… … Wikipedia
South Carolina State Armory — Infobox nrhp | name =South Carolina State Armory nrhp type = caption = location= Columbia, South Carolina lat degrees = 34 lat minutes = 0 lat seconds = 4 lat direction = N long degrees = 81 long minutes = 2 long seconds = 9 long direction = W… … Wikipedia
List of South Carolina state symbols — The State of South Carolina has many official state symbols, holidays and designations and they have been selected to represent the history, resources, and possibilities of the state. The palmetto and crescent moon of the state flag is South… … Wikipedia
South Carolina — US state Name = South Carolina Fullname = State of South Carolina Flaglink = Flag of South Carolina Nickname = The Palmetto State Motto = Dum spiro spero (Latin; While I breathe, I hope ) Animis opibusque parati (Latin; Ready in soul and resource … Wikipedia
South Carolina General Assembly — Infobox Legislature name = South Carolina General Assembly coa pic = SouthCarolinastateseal.jpg coa pic = session room = SC State House at evening.jpg house type = Bicameral houses = Senate House of Representatives leader1 type = President of the … Wikipedia
South Carolina — Caroline du Sud Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caroline … Wikipédia en Français
South Carolina Senate — The South Carolina Senate is the upper house of the South Carolina General Assembly, the lower house being the South Carolina House of Representatives. It consists of 46 senators elected from single member districts for four year terms at the… … Wikipedia
South Carolina Exposition and Protest — The South Carolina Exposition and Protest, also known as Calhoun s Exposition, was written in 1828 by John C. Calhoun, the Vice President of the United States under Andrew Jackson. Calhoun did not formally state his authorship at the time, though … Wikipedia
South Carolina — South Carolinian. a state in the SE United States, on the Atlantic coast. 3,119,208; 31,055 sq. mi. (80,430 sq. km). Cap.: Columbia. Abbr.: SC (for use with zip code), S.C. * * * State (pop., 2000: 4,012,012), southeastern U.S. It covers 31,113… … Universalium