Ruma


Ruma

:"For other meanings, see: Ruma (disambiguation)"Infobox Serbia municipality
native_name = Рума|official_name=Ruma
image_shield = COA Ruma.gif
district = Srem
mayor =
area_km2 = 582
population_total = 32229
mpop=60006
latd = 45| latm = 00|longd = 19| longm = 50
code = 22
settlements = 17
plates = RU
postal_code = 22400
website = www.ruma.co.yuForum = http://www.forum-ruma.co.cc

Ruma (Serbian cyrillic: Рума) is a town and municipality located in Vojvodina, Serbia at coord|45.00|N|19.83|E|. In 2002 the town had a total population of 32,229, while Ruma municipality had a population of 60,006.

History

Traces of organized human life on the territory of Ruma municipality date back as far as the prehistory. The most important archaeological locality in the municipality is Gomolava near Hrtkovci. First known inhabitants of this area were various peoples of Illyrian and Celtic origin, such as the Amantini, Breuci, Scordisci, etc. During Roman rule, local inhabitants lost their ethnic character and adopted Roman culture. There were no larger Roman settlements on the territory of Ruma, but a certain number of agricultural estates known as "villae rusticae" were located there.

Migrations of Huns, Germanic peoples, Avars and Slavs destroyed the Roman culture in this area. During the following centuries, the region was ruled by Frankish Empire, Bulgarian Empire, Byzantine Empire and Kingdom of Hungary.

The settlement named Ruma was first mentioned in an Ottoman defter from 1566/7. In that period Ruma was a village inhabited by Serbs, with 49 houses a church and three priests. [http://www.ruma.co.yu/ist.htm]

Since 1718, Ruma was under administration of the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1746, the town of Ruma was founded near the village of Ruma. First inhabitants of the town were Serbs, [http://www.ruma.co.yu/ist.htm] who came from neighboring settlements, as well as Germans, who came from Germany. In the beginning of the 19th century, Croats and Hungarians settled there as well. In 1807, a large rebellion of the Syrmian peasants known as the Tican's Rebellion started on the estate of Ruma, with its center in the village of Voganj. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, Ruma was one of the important centers of Serbian national movement in Syrmia. According to the 1910 census, population of the Ruma municipality numbered 49,138 inhabitants, of whom 22,956 spoke Serbian, 15,529 German, 5,746 Hungarian, and 3,730 Croatian. [http://www.talmamedia.com/php/district/district.php?county=Szer%E9m%20(Srijem)]

After the collapse of the Habsburg Monarchy, on November 24, 1918, the Assembly of Syrmia proclaimed the union of Syrmia with the Kingdom of Serbia.

Before World War II, Ruma was one of the centers of German national minority in Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1942, during the Axis occupation of Syrmia, a unit of the Third Reich's Wehrmacht, known as the "Volunteer Company Ruma ES der DM", was formed from local Volksdeutsche volunteers. [http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=7283] A large number of non-German citizens of Ruma participated in anti-fascist struggle against Axis occupation. [http://www.internetmedia.co.yu/ruma/opstina/istorija.php] In 1944, as a consequence of the war, most members of German national minority left the town escaping before Yugoslav partisans and Soviet Red Army. [http://www.internetmedia.co.yu/ruma/opstina/istorija.php] After the war, colonists from various parts of former Kingdom of Yugoslavia settled this area. During the 1990s, about 10,000 refugees from Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo settled in Ruma as well.

Inhabited places

Ruma municipality includes the city of Ruma and the following villages:
*Buđanovci
*Vitojevci
*Voganj
*Grabovci
*Dobrinci
*Donji Petrovci
*Žarkovac
*Klenak
*Kraljevci
*Mali Radinci
*Nikinci
*Pavlovci
*Platičevo
*Putinci
*Stejanovci
*Hrtkovci

Demographics (2002 census)

Ethnic groups in the Ruma municipality

*Serbs = 51,957 (86.58%)
*Croats = 1,987 (3.31%)
*Hungarians = 1,306 (2.17%)
*Yugoslavs = 1,017 (1.69%)
*Roma = 757 (1.26%)
*Others.

All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority.

Ethnic groups in the Ruma town

*Serbs = 28,032 (86.98%)
*Croats = 1,027 (3.19%)
*Others.

Notable citizens

*Atanasije Stojković, scientist and literate.
*Teodor Filipović (Boža Grujović), first secretary of "Praviteljstvujušči sovjet" in Karađorđe's Serbia.
*Jovan Pantelić, painter.
*Konstantin Pantelić, painter.
*Atanasije Teodorović, first professor of Serbian Lyceum.
*Dimitrije Matić, statesman and lawmaker.
*Teodor Toša Andrejević, musician.
*Dr. Žarko Miladinović, public worker, politician and minister in the government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
*Radovan Košutić, phylologist.
*Pavle Vujović, professor of the University of Belgrade.
*Antun Lombajer, author of first "History of Chirurgy" in Croatian language.
*Stjepko Gut, jazz musician.
*Slavko Mađer, Croatian writer

ee also

*List of cities in Serbia
*List of cities, towns and villages in Vojvodina
*Syrmia
*Srem District

References

* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/YI/2/Ruma.html Ruma]

External links

* [http://grad-ruma.net/cms/ Ruma - The unofficial site of the Ruma Municipality]
* [http://www.sremskioglasi.com/ Besplatni mali sremski oglasi]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ruma — • ruma, epämuotoinen, epäsymmetrinen, kömpelö, muodoton, muotopuoli, pahannäköinen, rujo • mauton, epäaistikas, epäesteettinen, karkea, rahvaanomainen, ruma, tyylitön, tökerö • häpeällinen, alhainen, epärehellinen, epäsiveä, halpamainen,… …   Suomi sanakirja synonyymejä

  • Ruma — Ruma, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 260 Housing Units (2000): 103 Land area (2000): 0.410093 sq. miles (1.062135 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.410093 sq. miles (1.062135 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ruma, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 260 Housing Units (2000): 103 Land area (2000): 0.410093 sq. miles (1.062135 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.410093 sq. miles (1.062135 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ruma — *Ruma germ., Femininum: nhd. Rom; ne. Rome; Rekontruktionsbasis: got., ae., afries., as., ahd.; Interferenz: Lehnwort lat. Rōma; Etymologie …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • rūma- Ⅰ — *rūma , *rūmam germ., stark. Neutrum (a): nhd. Raum, Platz ( Maskulinum) (1); ne. room (Neutrum), place (Neutrum); Rekontruktionsbasis: got., an., ae., as., ahd.; H …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • rūma- Ⅲ — *rūma , *rūmaz germ., stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Raum, Platz ( Maskulinum) (1); ne. room (Neutrum), place (Neutrum); Rekontruktionsbasis: got., an., ae., as., ahd.; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • Ruma — Ruma, 1) Bezirk im Comitat Unterbacs des ungarischen Verwaltungsgebietes Temesvar; 2) Marktflecken darin; zwei Kirchen, Bezirks , Steuer u. Postamt, Bierbrauerei, Pferdezucht; 7800 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ruma — Ruma, Markt mit geordnetem Magistrat im kroatisch slawon. Komitat Syrmien, am Südfuße der Fruska Gora sowie an den Bahnlinien India Mitrovitz Vinkovce, R. Brdnik und R. Klenak Saveufer, mit 2 Kirchen, starkem Getreide , Obst und Weinbau,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ruma — Ruma, Gemeinde in Kroatien Slawonien, Komitat Syrmien, (1900) 10.377 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • RUMA — civitas in tribu Iuda, 2. Reg. c. 23. v. 36. Latine excelsa, vel proiecta. Item, civitas in tribu Ephraim, ubi Abimelech sedit. In finibus Diospoleos, nunc Arimathia plerisque; aliis Remphtis. Item, vicus Galileae, patria Netirae et Philippi,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • ruma — s. f. 1. Rima; montão; pilha. • interj. 2.  [Brasil] Voz que os carreiros dirigem aos bois para os governar …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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