Geb


Geb

Geb (pronunciation as such from the Greek period onwards), formerly erroneously read as Seb) or Keb (in Egyptian originally: Gebeb/Kebeb, meaning probably: 'weak one', perhaps:'lame one', spelled with either initial -g- (all periods), -k-point (the latter initial root consonant occurs once in the Middle Kingdom "Coffin Texts" as well as in a text from the Ptolemaic tomb of Petosiris at Tuna el-Gebel or written with initial hard -k-, as e.g. in a 30th Dynasty papyrus text in the Brooklyn Museum dealing with descriptions of and remedies against snakes and their bites) was the Egyptian god of the earth and a member the Ennead of Heliopolis. The oldest representation in a fragmentary relief of the god was as an anthropomorphic being accompanied by his name, dating from king Djoser's reign, IIIth Dynasty, and was found in Heliopolis. In later times he could also be depicted as a ram, a bull or a crocodile. Frequently described mythologically as 'father' of snakes and depicted sometimes (partly) as such. In mythology he also often occurs as a primeval ruler/king of Egypt. Geb could be seen as earth containing the dead, or imprisoning those not worthy to go to the heavenly Field of Aaru--reeds. In the Heliopolitan Ennead, he is the husband of Nut, the sky or visible firmament, the son of the earlier primordial elements Tefnut ('orphaness', later also conceived of moisture ('tef')) and Shu ('emptiness'), and the father to the four lesser gods of the system - Osiris, Set, Isis and Nephthys. In this context, Geb was said to have originally been engaged in eternal sex with Nut, and had to be separated from her by Shu, god of the air. Consequently, in early depictions Geb was shown reclining, sometimes with his phallus still pointed towards the sky goddess Nut. As time progressed, the deity became more associated with the habitable land of Egypt and also as one of its early godly rulers. As a chtonic deity he (like e.g. Osiris and Min) became associated with the underworld and with vegetation, with barley being said to grow upon his ribs, and was depicted with plants and other green patches on his body.

Some Egyptologists stated, that Geb was associated with a mythological divine creator-goose who had laid a cosmic egg from which the sun and/or the world had sprung. This is certainly wrong and brought about by a regular spelling of the name Geb with the help of an image of a Whitefronted Goose (Anser albifrons), also called originally "geb(b)": 'lame one, stumbler' (cf. C.Wolterman, "On the Names of Birds and Hieroglyphic Sign-List G 22, G 35 and H 3" in: "Jaarbericht van het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch genootschap Ex Oriente Lux" no.32 (1991-1992)(Leiden, 1993), p.122, note 8). An alternative old name for this same goose species was "trp" meaning equally 'walk like a drunk, stumbler'. It is beyond any doubt, that said creator goose, called mythologically 'Ngg-wr' = 'the Great (or Oldest) Honker', appeared His association with vegetation, and sometimes with the underworld, also brought him the occasional interpretation that he was the husband of Renenutet, a minor goddess of the harvest, who was the mother of Nehebkau, a snake god associated with the underworld, who was on the same occasions said to be his son by her. He is also equated by classical authors as the Greek titan Kronos.


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  • GEB — steht für: Gödel, Escher, Bach, ein Buch des Autors Douglas R. Hofstadter Gemeinschaft der Europäischen Bahnen Gesamtelternbeirat Games and Economic Behavior, eine wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fachzeitschrift Göttinger Entsorgungsbetriebe Geb… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geb — /geb/, n. Egyptian Religion. the god of the earth and the father of Osiris and Isis. Also, Keb. * * * or Keb In ancient Egyptian religion, the god of the earth and the physical support of the world. Geb and his sister Nut belonged to the second… …   Universalium

  • Geb — steht für: Gödel, Escher, Bach, ein Buch des Autors Douglas R. Hofstadter Gemeinschaft der Europäischen Bahnen German Emulation Board Gesamtelternbeirat Geb steht für: Geb (Ägyptische Mythologie), ein Erdgott in der ägyptischen Mythologie geb.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • geb. — geb. 〈Abk. für〉 1. geboren, geborene 2. 〈bei Preisangaben von Büchern〉 gebunden * * * 1geb. = geboren (Zeichen: * ); geborene, geborener: Maria Schmidt[,] geb. Schulze. 2geb. = (von Büchern) gebunden. * * * 1geb. = geboren (Zeichen: * ); geborene …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Geb — es una de las más antiguas deidades egipcias, siendo la personificación de la Tierra. Es el marido de Nut, otra de las deidades originales. Es el padre de cuatro de los más importantes dioses egipcios: Seth, Osiris, Isis y Neftis. * * * En la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geb — n. (Mythol.) The god of the earth; father of Osiris and Isis. Syn: Keb. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Geb — der; [s] <aus gleichbed. ägypt. gēb> ägypt. Erdgott, der den Menschen die verborgenen Schätze des Erdinneren spendet …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Geb — (früher fälschlich Seb genannt), ägypt. Erdgott, von den Griechen mit Kronos identifiziert, zeugte mit der Himmelsgöttin Nut (Rhea) den Osiris und die Isis …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Geb — Geb,   ägyptischer Erdgott, der den Menschen die verborgenen Schätze des Erdinneren spendet. Wie alle kosmischen Gottheiten in Menschengestalt verehrt, gilt er als Vater von Isis und Osiris und als göttlicher Richter …   Universal-Lexikon


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